HSwMS Helsingborg (K32)
|Preceded by:||Göteborg class|
|In commission:||16 December 2009|
|Length:||72.7 m (239 ft)|
|Beam:||10.4 m (34 ft)|
|Draught:||2.4 m (7.9 ft)|
2 × 125SII Kamewa Waterjets
4 × Vericor TF50A gas turbines, total rating 16 MW
2 × MTU Friedrichshafen 16 V 2000 N90 diesel engines, total rating 2.6 MW
3 x generators of 270kW each
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)+|
|Range:||2,500 nmi (4,600 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)|
|Ericsson Sea_GIRAFFE AMB 3D PESA surveillance radar
Ceros 200 fire control radar system
Condor CS-3701 tactical radar surveillance system
GDC Hull-mounted sonar
Hydroscience Technologies towed array sonar system
GDC variable depth sonar
|Rheinmetall TKWA/MASS (Multi Ammunition Softkill System)|
|Armament:||1 × Bofors 57 mm Mk3
8 × Umkhonto SAM(cancelled)
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter pad|
The Visby class is the latest class of corvette to be adopted by the Swedish Navy after the Göteborg and Stockholm-class corvettes. The ship's design heavily emphasizes low visibility or stealth technology. The first ship in the class is named after Visby, the main city on the island of Gotland. The class has received widespread international attention because of its capabilities as a stealth ship.
The ships are designed by Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) and built by Kockums AB. The first ship of the class was launched in 2000 and since then the construction was fraught with repeated delays. Finally in December 2009, the first two ships of the class were delivered to the Swedish Navy by the FMV, albeit with greatly reduced operational capability.
The hull is constructed with a sandwich design consisting of a PVC core with a carbon fibre and vinyl laminate (see also the Oceanic-Creations spin-off). There are multiple advantages to using composite materials in ship hulls. Good conductivity and surface flatness means a low radar signature, while good heat insulation lowers the infrared signature and increases survivability in case of fire. The composite sandwich used is also non-magnetic, which lowers the magnetic signature. Composites are also very strong for their relative weight, and less weight means a higher top speed and better maneuverability. The composite weighs roughly 50% less than the equivalent strength steel. If built with normal steel the ship would weigh in at around 1200 tonnes.
Visby 's angular design reduces its radar signature (or radar cross section). Jan Nilsson, one of the designers, told BBC News Online: "We are able to reduce the radar cross section by 99%. That doesn't mean it's 99% invisible, it means that we have reduced its detection range." The 57 mm cannon barrel can be folded into the turret to reduce its cross section. There are plans for additional improvements in this area, especially for the deck rails and masts.
Much of the design was based on the experiences learned from the experimental ship HSwMS Smyge. The class was originally designed to be divided into two subcategories where some ships were optimized for surface combat and others for submarine hunting; however, this was changed due to cutbacks.
A helicopter, such as the Agusta Westland A109M selected by Sweden, can land, take off, and refuel on the upper deck. A helicopter hangar was originally planned but was considered to be too cramped and was removed.
The ships took an exceptionally long time from launch to delivery and the construction has been fraught with repeated delays. In 2008, the only weapons system that had been integrated and tested in Visby was the gun.
Finally, on 16 December 2009, the first two of the corvettes were delivered to the Swedish Navy by the Försvarets materielverk (FMV). The two ships, K32 and K33, were delivered with underwater and surface/air sensors fully integrated. However, the only weapon that had been integrated and test fired on the ships was still the Bofors 57 Mk3 gun. The FMV calls this version 4, which aims to get the ships into service and start training crews.
Version 5 is due in 2012, and is intended to supplement the ships with mine clearance systems, helicopter landing capability (only K31 is certified to date), anti-surface ship missiles and additional stealth adaption. Visby was the first of the corvettes to be upgraded to Version 5. On 22 March 2012 FMV reported that the ship had been modified and that the system would be tested before reentering the Swedish Navy by the end of 2012.
Although the design of the ships originally called for the installation of surface-to-air missiles, in 18 September 2008 the Genomförandegruppen cancelled the project in order to rationalize the procurement of defence materiel for the Swedish defence.
|Number||Ship name||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Service||Status||Coat of arms|
|K31||Visby||17 February 1995||8 June 2000||4th Naval Warfare Flotilla||PTK Visby*|
|K32||Helsingborg||27 June 2003||16 December 2009||3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla||Active|
|K33||Härnösand||16 December 2004||16 December 2009||3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla||Active|
|K34||Nyköping||18 August 2005||3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla||PTK Visby*|
|K35||Karlstad||24 August 2006||3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla||PTK Visby*|
All systems for the ship Uddevalla were acquired, but the ship was later canceled, so there are now plans to build a full Visby class simulator.
PTK Visby is the designation of the formation doing system tests and readying the ships for active service within the Swedish Navy. The formation is under the 3rd Naval Warfare Flotilla but takes its orders from the FMV. The system tests are taking a long time partly because of funding issues and partly because of the novel and cutting-edge nature of the platform.
- Baynunah-class corvette (United Arab Emirates)
- Hamina-class missile boat (Finland)
- Type 022 missile boat (China)
- Milgem-class corvette (Turkey)
- Roussen-class fast attack craft (Greece)
- Skjold-class corvette (Norway)
- Summers, Chris (10 June 2004). "Stealth ships steam ahead". BBC News. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "TF Series Marine Gas Turbine Engines - 4000 to 5600 Hp" (PDF). Vericor. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Mack, Ben (2009-02-12). "Sweden Builds World's First Stealth Ships". Wired. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 2009-02-12.[dead link]
- "Visby Class Corvettes, Sweden". naval-technology.com. SPG Media Limited. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "Visby Class Corvette". Saab Group. 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "Visby corvettes delivered to the Swedish Armed Forces". Swedish Defence Materiel Administration. 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2010-02-02.[dead link]
- Visby uppgraderas (in Swedish), SE: FMV[dead link]
- Effektivisering av försvarsmaterielförsörjningen - omprövning av materielprojekt (in Swedish), SE: Regeringen, 18 September 2008, retrieved 4 April 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Visby class corvette.|
- BBC article
- FMV - Official homepage
- Kockums - Official homepage
- Swedish navy page on the Visby trials (Swedish)
- Naval-Technology - www.naval-technology.com