Viscounts of Béarn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coin of Béarn (under "Count Centule")
Coat of arms of the viscounts of Béarn.

The viscounts of Béarn (Basque: Bearno, Gascon: Bearn or Biarn) were the rulers of a former province of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. Along with the three Basque provinces of Soule, Lower Navarre, and Labourd, as well as small parts of Gascony, it forms the current département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64).

Béarn is bordered by Basque provinces Soule and Lower Navarre to the west, by Gascony (Landes and Armagnac) to the north, by Bigorre to the east, and by Spain (Aragon) to the south.

List of Viscounts of Béarn[edit]

House of Béarn[edit]

Blason du Béarn.svg

House of Gabarret[edit]

Probably legendary[edit]

House of Montcada[edit]

House of Foix-Béarn[edit]

Main article: House of Foix-Béarn
Blason de Foix-Béarn.svg

House of Foix-Grailly[edit]

Main article: House of Foix-Grailly
Armoiries Navarre Foix.png
  • 1412–1436 : 27th John I (son of, also count of Foix, viscount of Villemur and count of Bigorre)
  • 1436–1472 : 28th Gaston XI (son of, also count of Foix, viscount of Nébouzan and count of Bigorre, married Eleanor of Navarre, queen of Navarre) (References to "Gaston of Bearn" in history texts often refer to him)
  • 1479–1483 : 29th Francis Phoebus (son of Gaston of Foix, prince of Viane, also king of Navarre, count of Bigorre, count of Foix))
  • 1483–1517 : 30th Catherine (sister of, also queen of Navarre, countess of Bigorre, countess of Foix), married John of Albret, king of Navarre

In 1512 Ferdinand II of Aragon conquered the better part of the kingdom of Navarre, leaving the kingdom with only the small section it held north of the Pyrenees.

House of Albret[edit]

Main article: House of Albret and Albret
Armoiries Navarre-Albret.png
  • 1517–1555 : 31st Henri I (son of, also king of Navarre, count of Foix, duke of Albret, count of Bigorre)
  • 1555–1572 : 32nd Jeanne (daughter of, queen of Navarre, countess of Foix, duchess of Albret, countess of Bigorre, married Anthony of Bourbon)

House of Bourbon[edit]

Main article: House of Bourbon
Coat of arms of France and Navarre (1589-1789).svg
  • 1572–1607 : 33rd Henri II (son of, also king of France, king of Navarre, duke of Bourbon, duke of Vendôme, count of Bigorre, count of Foix)

In 1620 the viscountcy of Béarn was reunited to the French crown, whereas Lower Navarre was in 1607.

See also[edit]