|City of Vista|
Historic Downtown Vista
Location of Vista within San Diego County, California.
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||January 28, 1963|
|• Mayor||Judy Ritter|
|• City council||John J. Aguilera, Deputy Mayor
John B. Franklin
|• City manager||Patrick Johnson|
|• Total||18.678 sq mi (48.377 km2)|
|• Land||18.678 sq mi (48.377 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||325 ft (99 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||96,929|
|• Density||5,000/sq mi (1,900/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP codes||92081, 92083–92085|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661645, 2412161|
Vista (//; Spanish: view) is a city in Southern California and is located in northwestern San Diego County. Vista is a medium-sized city within the San Diego Metropolitan Area and had a population of 93,834 at the 2010 census. Vista also includes portions of unincorporated San Diego County to north and east, with a county island in the central west, which is within its sphere of influence. Located just seven miles inland from the Pacific Ocean, it has a Mediterranean climate.
Originally the lands of Rancho Buena Vista, Vista was founded on October 9, 1882 with an establishment of a post office. It was incorporated January 28, 1963 and became a charter city on June 13, 2007.
Vista has more than 25 educational institutions for youth, and a business park home to over 800 companies. Vista was listed as the seventh-best place in the United States for family life, based on factors such as jobs and business opportunities, education, climate, and cost-of-living in a 2008 review.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Government
- 6 Education
- 7 Recreation
- 8 Media
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Notable residents
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The Vista area was originally inhabited by the Luiseño Indians, who lived on the land until the founding of the San Luis Rey Mission in 1798. The prosperity of the mission-era declined by the 1830s with the independence of Mexico from Spain. The Mexican government began to grant land ownerships to a variety of people, thus beginning the Rancho era of California. Three ranchos were granted in the Vista area: Rancho Guajome, Rancho Buena Vista, and Agua Hedionda Y los Manos.
In the 1850s the ranchos began to fade due to changing political conditions and the scarcity of water. A growing number of settlers came to the area after California became a state in 1850 and began to create smaller agricultural holdings. One settler in the Vista area, John Frazier, applied to open the first post office and after several attempts to name the city (Frazier’s Crossing and Buena Vista were already taken), Frazier finally chose the name “Vista”. With the opening of the first post office in 1882, Vista had officially arrived.
In 1870, Bernard Delpy arrived from France to build what eventually became known as “Delpy Corners” at the intersection of today’s East Vista Way and Foothill Drive. His nephew, Jules Jacques Delpy, joined him in 1879 and together they planted several hundred acres of grapes. In 1886, they built the first successful winery in the country. The winery was shut down by the prohibition era.
Inhibited by the lack of water, Vista grew slowly through the early 1910s to less than 1,000 people. With the vote of the people in 1923, the Vista Irrigation District had the necessary funding to construct a new water supply from Lake Henshaw. New buildings in downtown sprang up almost immediately. Agriculture began to flourish with crops such as tomatoes, celery, and citrus fruits. Some hillsides were also planted for avocados and by 1948, the Vista became the “avocado capital of the world"
Following World War II, agriculture declined with an influx of growth of population and housing. The City of Vista was incorporated on January 23, 1963. The frequent housing booms of the 1970s through early 2000s greatly increased the population of Vista. Numerous apartment complexes were also built in these booms. Many light manufacturing businesses moved into the Business Park area on the south side, starting in the 1980s. In the 1990s, Wal-Mart, Target and Costco opened large stores. In 1993, Vista became involved in a national controversy when the Vista Unified School District board unsuccessfully tried to incorporate creationist, anti-evolution views into the biology curriculum.
Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48 km2), all land. Vista is a hilly city. Most of the businesses are located in the flatter areas, and residences climb the hills. In undeveloped areas, the natural vegetation types includes chaparral brushland, oak-sycamore woodland, riparian (stream) woodland and oak-grass savanna. The natural vegetation is best seen in natural Shadowridge Park on the south side, in the San Marcos Hills east of the city, and in undeveloped pockets on the north side (e.g. along Gopher Canyon Road and Guajome Regional Park).
Climate is temperate, with extremes of temperature uncommon. Coastal breezes and foggy overcast (especially in May–June-early July) keep the late spring/early summer high temperatures below 80 degrees F. on most days. In general, the western side of the city (closer to the Pacific) is cooler and more overcast with ocean fog than the eastern side. It is common in May–June for the western side to be overcast and cool, while the eastern side basks in clear skies and sunshine. August and September are usually warmer, as the coastal breezes lessen. High temperatures in excess of 85 degrees F. sometimes occur in late summer. High temperatures also accompany dry Santa Ana wind events, which can strike any month, but are most common during fall. On 90% of days, though, the moderating influence of the nearby Pacific keeps the weather pleasant and temperatures moderate. Frost is quite rare in winter, and snowfall almost unknown. Most of the annual rainfall of 13.24 inches falls between November and April (Mediterranean climate type). Rainfall is higher in the San Marcos Hills on the eastern edge of the city, up to 20 inches per year. The moderate climate has made Vista and surrounding areas a center of the plant nursery industry. Avocados and other subtropical plants thrive in the area.
|Climate data for Vista, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||90
|Average high °F (°C)||67
|Average low °F (°C)||46
|Record low °F (°C)||20
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.67
The 2010 United States Census reported that Vista had a population of 93,834. The population density was 5,023.7 people per square mile (1,939.6/km²). The racial makeup of Vista was 59,551 (63.5%) White, 3,137 (3.3%) African American, 1,103 (1.2%) Native American, 3,979 (4.2%) Asian, 677 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 20,423 (21.8%) from other races, and 4,964 (5.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 45,380 persons (48.4%).
The Census reported that 91,789 people (97.8% of the population) lived in households, 661 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,384 (1.5%) were institutionalized.
There were 29,317 households, out of which 12,139 (41.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,024 (51.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,030 (13.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,065 (7.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,143 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 236 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,784 households (19.7%) were made up of individuals and 1,963 (6.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.13. There were 21,119 families (72.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.55.
The population was spread out with 25,074 people (26.7%) under the age of 18, 11,738 people (12.5%) aged 18 to 24, 27,659 people (29.5%) aged 25 to 44, 20,690 people (22.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,673 people (9.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males.
There were 30,986 housing units at an average density of 1,658.9 per square mile (640.5/km²), of which 15,194 (51.8%) were owner-occupied, and 14,123 (48.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 44,897 people (47.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 46,892 people (50.0%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 89,857 people, 28,877 households, and 20,791 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,810.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,857.3/km²). There were 29,814 housing units at an average density of 1,595.9 per square mile (616.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.3% White, 4.2% African American, 1.0% Native American, 3.7% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 21.3% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race were 38.9% of the population.
There were 28,877 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.48. The FBI crime index for 2005 was 32.9 for every 1000 residents.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,594, and the median income for a family was $45,649. Males had a median income of $32,936 versus $25,812 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,027. About 10.0% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Vista in 2011 was $59,414 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (2010 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $57,665.
According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Vista Unified School District||2,141|
|2||San Diego Superior Court||602|
|3||Watkins Manufacturing Company||550|
|4||Zodiac Pool Care||444|
|5||DJ Orthopedics (DJO Global)||400|
|7||Jeld-Wen Windows and Doors||316|
|8||Datron World Communications,Inc.||313|
|10||City of Vista||274|
Located in Vista is the North County Regional Center, a San Diego County facility shared by the Superior Court, Sheriff, Vista Detention Facility jail, Probation, District Attorney, Revenue and Recovery, and the County Board of Supervisors. The North County Superior Court is a full service branch court.
State and federal representation
The Vista Unified School District serves Vista. Vista has eighteen elementary schools, six middle schools, and seven high schools, including Rancho Buena Vista High School, Vista High School and Mission Vista High School. Guajome Park Academy is a charter school with joint elementary, middle, and high schools that receives part of its funding from the Vista Unified School District. Alta Vista Continuation High School is another option for teens who cannot attend regular school.
Vista was mentioned in The Los Angeles Times when a group of social conservatives associated with the "Christian right" were elected to the Vista Unified School District's school board and tried to implement creationism into the curriculum in the early 1990s.
Vista is home to two city-supported theaters: the recently updated Moonlight Amphitheatre and the Avo Playhouse. The Moonlight Amphitheatre is an open-air theater that specializes in musical productions, performing several during the course of the summer, and a winter season at the Avo Playhouse.
Vista houses one movie theater, a Krikorian Cinema which opened in fall 2003.
Two of the best-known parks in the city are Brengle Terrace Park and Guajome County Park. Brengle Terrace Park houses the Moonlight Amphitheatre, Alta Vista Gardens (a city-owned botanical garden), a baseball field, a senior center, a playground, and the city community center, where the main offices of the city's day camps are held. Guajome County Park has 557 acres (2.25 km2) of land, which is shared between Vista and nearby Oceanside. It features a small lake, willow and oak woodlands, campsites, horse trails, and the Rancho Guajome Adobe, a National Historic Landmark. Shadowridge Park on the south side of Vista is a natural park where users can hike on trails through native chaparral and oak woodland.
The Rancho Guajome Adobe and Rancho Buena Vista Adobe are two historic rancho buildings in Vista, built in the mid-nineteenth century, both available for touring and special occasions.
The city's Parks and Recreation Department runs the Wave Waterpark, a small but well-equipped waterpark near the downtown area open from mid-spring to early fall, and the brand new Vista Community Sports Park. Another attraction is the Antique Gas and Steam Engine Museum, an open-air museum demonstrating agricultural equipment from the 19th and early 20th centuries. A Boomers family fun park is also located in Vista.
Vista is home of a Japanese-American Cultural Center and Buddhist Temple, one of only two in California, and over 75 other churches and temples of various denominations.
AM 1000 KCEO
Daily newspaper service is provided by the regional U-T San Diego.
Major roads and highways
The North County Transit District operates a light rail system, SPRINTER, with stations at Vista Transit Center and Civic Center Drive within city limits and also the Buena Creek Road station in eastern Vista sphere of influence. The SPRINTER provides service, west to Oceanside and east to San Marcos and Escondido. From the Sprinter station in Oceanside, commuters can connect to AMTRAK trains, or to the Coaster commuter trains to downtown San Diego, or to the Metrolink commuter trains to Los Angeles.
The city of Vista is located within the Tri City Hospital District, which provides emergency care and hospitalization, while ambulance service is provided by the Vista Fire Department. The Vista Community Clinic provides general health care to those who face economic, social or cultural barriers.
- Carrie Prejean, Miss California 2009, lived in Vista and attended Vista High School.
- Darrell Issa, Republican U.S. Representative for California's 49th congressional district and Chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, lives in Vista.
- Red Killefer, professional baseball player.
- Katherine "Scottie" MacGregor, actress, most notably in television series Little House on the Prairie, lived in Vista.
- Danny Way, Skateboard Legend.
- Rudolph B. Davila, World War II Medal of Honor Recipient, lived in Vista.
- Dave Roberts, former Major League Outfielder, attended Rancho Buena Vista High School.
- Don Prudhomme, known as Don "The Snake" Prudhomme. Gained fame for his races against Tom "The Mongoose" McEwen. Retired American drag racer, lives in and owns Don Prudhomme Racing in Vista.
- Sara Watkins, singer-songwriter, fiddler, most well known for being in the band Nickel Creek and her solo career since 2007. Born and raised in Vista. Her parents still live there.
- "Vista City Government". City of Vista. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". City of Vista. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- "City Manager". City of Vista, CA. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "Vista". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- "Vista (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Cavalier, Lois. Images of America:Vista. Arcadia Publishing, 2008, p.20.
- 50 Fabulous Places to Raise Your Family, 3rd Ed. 2006 Kathleen Shaputis
- Doyle,Harrison and Ruth.A History of Vista,Hillside Press,1983. p.4-5
- Doyle,A History of Vista,p.36
- Doyle,A History of Vista,p.28
- Doyle,A History of Vista,p.38
- Doyle,A History of Vista,p.39
- Granberry, Michael. "School Board's Creationist Trend Causes Stir in Vista, L.A. Times, May 20, 1993.
- Average Weather for Vista, CA.Retrieved January 13, 2013
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Vista city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Vista CAFR
- "Superior Court of San Diego, information". Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "Partisan Voting Index: Districts of the 113th Congress". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- (CAROL MASCIOLA (November 16, 1992). Judgment Day Approaches for Vista Schools Education: A new Christian right majority tries to reassure the community it will do a good job. But some fear there may be controversial changes :[San Diego County Edition]. Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext),p. 1. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from Los Angeles Times database. (Document ID: 61711213)).
- City of Vista. General Plan 2030. Figure CE-2
- "NCTD Sprinter light rail schedule". Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "City and Residential Services". Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "Paramedic EMS". Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "Vista Community Clinic". Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- The Vista Press, September 8, 1958 'Red Killefer, Ex-Vistan, Succombs',p.3
- Doyle,A History of Vista,p.222
- Dwight Daniels (June 22, 2000). "Belated recognition Asian-Americans get top honor -- Vista man waited 56 years". San Diego Union Tribune.
- Official website
- Vista Historical Society & Museum
- Vista Chamber of Commerce
- Vista, California at DMOZ