Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser

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Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser
'69 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser (Rigaud).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Oldsmobile
Model years 1964–1977
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style Station Wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform A-body
Chronology
Successor Oldsmobile Cutlass Cruiser

The Vista Cruiser is a station wagon manufactured and marketed by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1964 to 1977 over three generations.

The first and second generation Vista Cruisers are noted for their fixed-glass, roof-mounted skylights over the second-row seating with sun visors for the second row passengers, a raised roof behind the skylight and lateral glass panels over the rear cargo area along the raised roof — and three rows of forward facing passenger seating. Sharing its bodystyle with the Buick Sport Wagon, the Vista Cruiser was introduced on February 4, 1964, as a 1964 model, based on the Oldsmobile Cutlass/F-85 model. Prior to the 1973 model year the Vista Cruiser utilized a wheelbase which was 5 inches (130 mm) longer than that of the Cutlass/F-85 sedan.

Subsequent Oldsmobile mid-size wagons featured a skylight as did the 1991–92 full-size Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser wagon and the 1991–96 Buick Roadmaster wagon.

Reminiscent of earlier models, the third generation Vista Cruiser (1973–1977) featured optional rear-facing third row seating, while incorporating a single fixed, flat venting skylight over the second row seating.

GM's 1971–76 full-size clamshell wagons, including the Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser, incorporated an optional forward-facing third row and a slightly elevated roof over the cargo area, though no skylight.

1964–1967[edit]

First generation
1965 Vista Cruiser 1.jpg
Overview
Model years 1964–1967
Body and chassis
Related Buick Special
Buick Sport Wagon
Chevrolet Chevelle
Oldsmobile Cutlass
Pontiac Grand Prix
Pontiac Tempest
Powertrain
Engine 330 in³ Rocket V8
Transmission 2-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
4-speed manual
3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 120 in (3,048 mm)

The first-generation Vista Cruiser offered a split skylight over the second row of seats.

In 1964, the Vista Cruiser was one of three station wagons offered by Oldsmobile, the others being the F-85 built on the same wheelbase as other F-85/Cutlass intermediates and the full-sized Dynamic 88 Fiesta.

From 1965 to 1970, the Vista Cruiser became the division's largest wagon as Olds did not offer a station wagon in the full-sized 88 series and the intermediate F-85/Cutlass were also offered during each of those years on the shorter wheelbase.

Engine offerings in the Vista Cruiser paralleled other Olds intermediates with a 330 cubic-inch V8 offered from 1964 to 1967 with horsepower ratings from 210 to 320 depending on year and carburetion.

Transmission offerings included the two-speed Jetaway automatic transmission and two rarely equipped manual transmissions including a three-speed column shift and a four-speed floor shift.

1968–1972[edit]

Second generation
1969 Vista Cruiser 1.jpg
Overview
Model years 1968–1972
Body and chassis
Related Chevrolet Monte Carlo
Chevrolet El Camino
Pontiac Grand Prix
Pontiac Tempest
Buick Special
Buick Sport Wagon
Oldsmobile Cutlass
GMC Sprint
Powertrain
Engine 350 cu in (5.7 L) Rocket V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) Rocket V8
455 cu in (7.5 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 2-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
4-speed manual
3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 121 in (3,073 mm)
Length 218.2 in (5,542 mm)
Width 77.2 in (1,961 mm)
Height 58.6 in (1,488 mm)
Curb weight 4,064 lb (1,843 kg)

A major restyling of the GM A-body car line for 1968 replaced the split skylight with a one-piece skylight, and stretched the wheelbase from 120" to 121".

From 1968 to 1972, a 350 cubic-inch V8 became standard with a larger 400 cubic-inch V8 from the 442 muscle car optional in 1968-69 and a 455 cubic-inch V8 from the 442 available from 1970 to 1972.

Transmission offerings through the years included one of two automatics—the two-speed Jetaway (1968) or three-speed Turbo Hydramatic (1968–72), or very rarely, a standard three-speed manual with column shift or optional four-speed manual with floor-mounted Hurst shifter.

In 1969, the "Dual-Action" tailgate was first offered, as standard equipment on the three-row models and as optional equipment on the two-row models.

In 1970, a redesign reshaped much of the exterior sheet metal, making the edges and curves sharper. Although it closely resembled the 1968-69 models, and is essentially considered to be a second-generation car, many of the body parts were no longer interchangeable with the earlier second-generation cars. The dashboard was also completely redesigned. (The GM Skywagon Club recognizes the 1970-72 models as "Generation 2a")

For 1971, Olds brought back the full-sized Custom Cruiser wagon on the 98 chassis utilizing GM's disappearing clamshell tailgate, but the glass-roofed Vista Cruiser continued until 1972.

A small number of 1972 Vista Cruisers were modified by Hurst Performance, then based in Warminster Township, Pennsylvania for support car duties at the 1972 Indianapolis 500 and equipped with 455 cubic-inch Rocket V8s along with the official pace car, a 1972 Hurst/Olds, also powered by a 455 V8. Two are known to survive as of 2012, a press car and a medical director's car. As of 2012, the medical director's car is owned by a relative of Ray Harroun, the winner of the first Indianapolis 500 in 1911.

1973–1977[edit]

Third generation
1976 Vista Cruiser.jpg
Overview
Model years 1973–1977
Body and chassis
Related Buick Century
Chevrolet Chevelle
Chevrolet Monte Carlo
Oldsmobile Cutlass
Pontiac Grand Prix
Powertrain
Engine 350 in³ Rocket V8
403 in³ Rocket V8 (1977)
455 in³ Rocket V8 (1973–76)
Transmission 3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 116 in (2,946 mm)

Although the roof glass was substituted for an optional pop-up front-row sunroof and the wheelbase was shortened to the same 116-inch (2,946 mm) length as Cutlass sedans for the 1973 model year when the Cutlass and other GM intermediates were completely restyled, the Vista Cruiser name continued for five more model years as an elevated trim level of the Cutlass Supreme station wagon until the Cutlass Cruiser was introduced for the 1978 model year. Engine offerings during this period included a standard 350 cubic-inch Rocket V8 or optional 455 cubic-inch Rocket V8 through 1976, which was replaced by a 403 cubic-inch Rocket V8 in 1977. The three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic transmission, power steering and power front disc brakes were standard equipment on Vista Cruisers during the 1973-77 period.

In popular culture[edit]

At the beginning of National Lampoon's Vacation the car that gets crushed is a 1971 Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser.

A first-generation Vista Cruiser was used as the mother's car in the 1992 film Radio Flyer. It bore a reproduction 1965 Pennsylvania license plate.

A second-generation Vista Cruiser was prominently featured in the 2002 English film, Once Upon a Time in the Midlands.

A first-generation Vista Cruiser also featured prominently as Oliver and Emily's car in the 2005 film A Lot Like Love.

A first-generation Vista Cruiser appears in the 2011 movie Judy Moody and the Not Bummer Summer.

A 1969 Vista Cruiser was Eric Forman's car on That '70s Show. It was sold to Wilmer Valderrama, the actor who played Fez, for US$500 when the show ended in 2006.[1]

A second generation 1972 Vista Cruiser is driven by both Walter Bishop and Peter Bishop in the TV series Fringe.[2]

Matchbox released a 1971 Vista Cruiser in their 2009 1-100 diecast vehicle range.

References[edit]

External links[edit]