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|Vitaly Mikhaylovich Zholobov|
June 18, 1937 |
Zburjevka, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Rank||Colonel, Soviet Air Force|
|Time in space||49d 06h 23m|
|Selection||Air Force Group 2|
Vitaly Mikhaylovich Zholobov (Russian: Виталий Михайлович Жолобов; born June 18, 1937 in Zburyivka, Kherson Oblast Ukrainian SSR) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on Soyuz 21 space flight as the flight engineer.
Zholobov joined the space programme from the Soviet Air Force where he held the rank of Colonel-engineer.
His only trip to space involved a two-month stay on the Salyut 5 space station (Soyuz 21 mission). The flight was scheduled to last for 60 days but lasted for only 49. The reason for the cancellation was the detection of a noxious odor on board. Vitaly Zsholobow reported to the Mission Control Center that the smell was similar to that of a propellant which was known to be toxic. The Control Center decided to abort the mission to avoid exposing the crew to further risk and because the research and technology programs were already successfully finished. He was in orbit from June 6, 1976 to August 24, 1976.
Although he never flew again, Zholobov stayed in the space programme until 1981 when he resigned to become director of a geological science research group.
He was awarded:
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
- Order of Merit 3rd class (Ukraine)
- Order of Lenin
- Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration" (Russian Federation)
- Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands"
- Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"
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-  The story of Space Station Mir, David Michael Harland, 2005, page 16
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