Vitaliano Brancati (July 24, 1907 – September 25, 1954) was an Italian novelist, dramatist, poet and screenwriter.
Born in Pachino, Syracuse, Brancati studied in Catania, where he graduated in letters and where he spent the most part of his life. While he started writing at young age and at 25 years old he was already the author of six books, which were largely influenced by fascist ideals and which were later rejected by the same Brancati, critics tend to set the starting point of his career in 1935, when he released the collection of short stories In search of a cause. Brancati got his first and probably major success in 1941, with the novel Don Giovanni in Sicily, a vibrant and humorous portrait of the Sicilian temperament. In 1944 he wrote the novel Gli anni perduti ("The Lost Years"), a bold satire of Benito Mussolini's megalomania, and in 1946 Vecchio con gli stivali ("Old Man in Boots"), a satirical short story inspired by the vicissitudes of the Italian fascism which won the Vendemmia Award and which was adapted into a successful film, Difficult Years by Luigi Zampa. In 1950 he won the Bagutta Prize with one another well-known novel, The Handsome Antonio.