Vitaliano Donati (1717–1762), born in Padua in Italy, was an Italian doctor, archeologist, and botanist. He took the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1739.
He was interested in the flora and fauna of the Adriatic, and in 1745 he published Della storia naturale marina dell'Adriatico. This work was translated into many European languages.
In 1750 Charles Emmanuel III, king of Sardinia, offered him a chair of Botany and Natural history at the University of Turin. During his career as a professor, he also occupied the chair of Mineralogy and Geology. He occupied the chair of Orto Botanico dell'Università di Torino from 1750 until his death.
In 1757, Donati was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1759 he visited Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Arabia. He died on February 26, 1762, in the Indian Ocean, travelling on a Turkish ship to Mangalore in India.
- Della storia naturale marina dell'Adriatico, (1745).
- Viaggio mineralogico nella Alpi occidentali di Vitaliano Donati a cura di Giuse Scalva, ed. Editrice Compositori per l'Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sulla Montagna di Roma (INRM).