Vitalii Arsenievich Ditkin (2 May 1910, Bogorodsk (now Noginsk), Russia – 17 October 1987, Moscow) was a Russian mathematician who introduced Ditkin sets.
Studied at the Moscow State University in 1932—1935; in 1938 got Ph.D. degree (advisor — Abraham Plessner). From 1943 to 1948 he was with the Steklov Institute of Mathematics; from 1948 to 1955, with the Lebedev Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering. In 1949, got the Doctor of Sciences degree. In 1955, he became a deputy director of newly-formed Computing Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He remained with the Computing Centre till his death.
In 1978 was awarded the USSR State Prize in sciences.
- Kerimov, M. K. (2001), "On the 90th anniversary of the birth of Professor Vitalii Arsen'evich Ditkin (1910--1987)", Zhurnal Vychislitel'noi Matematiki i Matematicheskoi Fiziki. Rossiĭskaya Akademiya Nauk 41 (12): 1763–1807, ISSN 0044-4669, MR 1882969
- Prudnikov, A. P. (1989), "Vitalii Arsen'evich Ditkin", in Abramov, A. A., Analytic and numerical methods for solving problems in mathematical physics (in Russian), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR Vychisl. Tsentr, pp. 5–13
- Vitalii Ditkin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project