|Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR|
3 October 1988 – 29 May 1990
|Preceded by||Vladimir Orlov|
|Succeeded by||Boris Yeltsin|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian SFSR|
24 June 1983 – 27 June 1988
|Preceded by||Mikhail Solomentsev|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Vlasov|
|Born||Vitaly Ivanovich Vorotnikov
20 January 1926
Voronezh, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Died||19 February 2012
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Early life and education
Vorotnikov was born in Voronezh, and in 1940 entered a local Aviation Industry community college, majoring in aircraft engine technology. After the Soviet Union entered WWII and adult workers left for the Red Army service, 16-year-old Vitaly took a job at the Voronezh Steam Locomotive Repair plant. Soon the front line approached the city, and he was evacuated to Kuybyshev, where he spent most of the war working for Kuibyshev aviation plant No. 18 and studying at Kuybyshev Aviation Technology School.
After graduation, Vorotkin kept working at the plant after the war in both managerial and Communist Party organizing positions. At the same time he was taking evening classes at the Kuybyshev Aviation Institute, finally earning his engineering degree in 1954.
From the position of the chairman of the Communist Party committee at his plant (1950-1960) Vorotnikov advanced to a position of responsibility in the Kuybyshev Oblast Part Committee (1960). After occupying a number of positions of regional importance in Russia's Kuybyshev and Voronezh Oblasts for almost 20 years, he served as the Soviet ambassador to Cuba from 1979 to 1982. In fact, he was exiled by Brezhnev to this post.
After being recalled from Cuba when Brezhenev died and a short stint in charge of the Communists of Krasnodar Krai, Vorotnikov was finally brought to Moscow, where he was to occupy the top positions in the government of the RSFSR. He became a candidate member of the Politburo and soon a full member. From 1983 to 1988 he was the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR, and from 1988 to 1990 Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. During his long retirement, Vorotnikov wrote several volumes of memoirs.
Vorotnikov died on 19 February 2012 at the age of 86.
Decorations and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1986)
- Four Orders of Lenin (1971, 1973, 1982 and 1986)
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, three times
- Order of the Badge of Honour
- Order of Merit
- Gold Medal of the Exhibition of Economic Achievements, three times
- Order of Solidarity (Cuba, 1982)
- Honorary Citizen of Voronezh (1996)
- Christian Schmidt-Hauer, Gorbachev: the path to power. I. B. Tauris, London, 1986, p. 201; ISBN 1-85043-015-2
- Виталий Воротников. Биография главы советского правительства (Vitaly Vorotnikov. Biography of the Head of the Soviet Government)
- Stephen White (2011). Understanding Russian Politics. Cambridge University Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-139-49683-4. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Nikolai Zen'kovich, The most secret relatives (Russian), OLMA-Press, Moscow, 2005, p. 69; ISBN 5-94850-408-5
- "Former Soviet presidium's chairman Vitaly Vorotnikov dead". Information Telegraph Agency of Russia. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.