|town and municipality|
|Витина / Vitina
Viti / Vitia
|District||District of Gjilan|
|• Total||46,959 (municipality)|
|• Density||173.9/km2 (450/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Website||Municipality of Vitina|
- Budrikë e Epërme/Gornja Budrika
- Goden i Madh/Veliki Goden
- Novosellë/Novo Selo
- Ramjan/Donje Ramnjane
- Sadovinë e Çerkezëve/Čerkez Sadovina
- Sadovinë e Jerlive/Jerli Sadovina
- Sllatinë e Epërme/Gornja Slatina
- Sllatinë e Poshtme/Donja Slatina
- Stubëll e Epërme/Gornja Stubla
- Stubëll e Poshtme/Donja Stubla
The municipality has several settlements historically inhabited by the Laramans, crypto-Catholics.
During Yugoslavia, it was known as Kosovska Vitina.
Kosovo War and aftermath
Following the 1999 Kosovo War, it was the home of A Company, 2/505 Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, the first KFOR troops to begin stabilization efforts in the municipality. After the initial unit left, Vitina was the site of a subsequent international scandal when a Staff Sgt. Frank J. Ronghi, from A company, 3/504 Parachute Infantry Regiment raped and killed a local girl. The subsequent investigation uncovered serious training and leadership deficiencies in the 3/504 Parachute Infantry Regiment, and catalysed a tremendous change in the training of units deploying for peacekeeping operations.
In August 2003, explosive devices planted in Klokot destroyed five Serb houses, with several injuries, including two American KFOR soldiers.
Serbian Orthodox cemeteries have been destroyed in Vitina, among other towns, and in 2004, nuns of the Binča monastery were physically attacked, by ethnic Albanians.
In 2013, a Kosovo Albanian crowd demolished a Yugoslav-era memorial for anti-fascist Partisans that were killed during the Second World War. Members of the Kosovo Police were present but did nothing to intervene. The incident was filmed and posted to YouTube.
|Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs|
|2011||46 669||99,3||113||0,24||70||0,1||26||46 987|
|Reference: Yugoslav population census data, and the 2011 census in Kosovo.|
Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 109 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- http://www.nytimes.com/2000/08/02/world/us-sergeant-gets-life-in-murder-of-kosovo-girl-11.html%7Cdate=May 2008
- Civilian Deaths in the NATO Air Campaign. Human Rights Watch. 2000. p. 59.
- Serbian Studies 18. North American Society for Serbian Studies. 2004. p. 315.
- Savo B. Jović (2007). Ethnic Cleansing and Cultural Genocide on Kosovo and Metohija: Testimony to the Suffering of the Serbian Orthodox Church and Serbian People from 1945 to 2005. Holy Synod of Bishops of The Serbian Orthodox Church. pp. 113, 157. ISBN 978-86-7758-017-9.
- "Serb cemeteries, memorials desecrated in Kosovo". B92. Beta/Tanjug. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vitina.|
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