Vitina

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Vitina
city
Витина / Vitina
Viti / Vitia
USArmyVitinaKosovo2000.jpg
Vitina is located in Kosovo
Vitina
Vitina
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°18′N 21°23′E / 42.300°N 21.383°E / 42.300; 21.383
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Gnjilane
Population (2011)
 • Total 46,959 (municipality)
 • Density 173.9/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381
Car plates 06
Website Municipality of Vitina

Vitina or Vitia (Albanian: Viti, Vitia, Serbian: Витина, Turkish: Viti) is a town in Vitina Municipality in the Gnjilane District of south-eastern Kosovo.[a]

History[edit]

Following the 1999 Kosovo War, it was the home of A Company, 2/505 Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, the first KFOR troops to begin stabilization efforts in the municipality. After the initial unit left, Vitina was the site of a subsequent international scandal when a Staff Sgt. Frank J. Ronghi, from A company, 3/504 Parachute Infantry Regiment raped and killed a local girl. The subsequent investigation uncovered serious training and leadership deficiencies in the 3/504 Parachute Infantry Regiment, and catalyzed a tremendous change in the training of units deploying for peacekeeping operations. Template:Http://www.nytimes.com/2000/08/02/world/us-sergeant-gets-life-in-murder-of-kosovo-girl-11.html

Infrastructure[edit]

The roads in the municipality range from good to poor. The main roads leading into most villages are paved and narrow. Secondary roads are nearly all dirt roads.

During the conflict, approximately 5% of Kosovo Albanian houses were burnt (255 houses). After the conflict, burning of Kosovo Serb houses took place, and around 230 houses were burnt which account for approximately 20% of all Kosovo Serb houses.

Water supply is available to 70% of the Vitina town. A number of villages have their own water systems, but as the public services company is not responsible for maintenance of these systems, the supply of water is unreliable. Overall, less than 20% of the population in the municipality has a water supply system. Approximately 10% of the population has access to a sewage system.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanian  % Serb  % Croats  % Roma  % Total
1961 20,496 60.92 10,442 31.04 2,077 6.17 21 33,642
1971 26,927 67.69 9,649 24.26 2,613 6.57 126 0.32 39,780
1981 35,105 73.38 8,369 17.49 3,722 7.78 229 0.49 47,839
1991 45,078 78.68 7,002 12.22 4,331 7.56 373 0.65 57,290
2011 46 669 99,3 113 0,24 70 0,1 26 46 987
Ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for data through 1991,and the 2011 census in Kosovo.

The number of serb's is very small,because of the cration of the new municipality of Klokot.

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°19′N 21°21′E / 42.317°N 21.350°E / 42.317; 21.350