|Key people||Ian Taylor, CEO|
|Services||Energy trading, Commodity trading|
|Revenue||US$ 303 billion (2012)|
|Owner(s)||Vitol Holding B.V|
The Vitol Group is a Swiss-based, Dutch-owned multinational energy and commodity trading company. It was founded in Rotterdam in 1966 by Henk Viëtor, and is a private company, with 3,200 employees making up its shareholders. Head offices are located in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and Geneva, Switzerland. With 2012 revenues of $303 billion (up from $297 billion in 2011), the company ships more than 400 million tonnes of crude oil per year and is the largest independent energy trader in the world.
Vitol's main operations are based in Geneva, Houston, Singapore, and London. In addition to the global crude and product trading businesses, the company trades coal, natural gas, power, agricultural products and carbon emissions.
Vitol has interests in various oil storage terminals and exploration and production projects worldwide. The latter includes ownership of Arawak, with production in Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, and holds a growing portfolio of exploration and development assets in West Africa, including in Cameroon, Ghana. Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Congo Brazzaville.
In addition to its trading business Vitol owns a 50% share in the storage and terminals business, VTTI, which has an asset value in excess of $1 billion and current capacity of around 8.5 million cubic metres in fourteen countries. Current key locations include Amsterdam and Europoort in the Netherlands, Seaport Canaveral, Florida, and a 49% share of the Ventspils terminal in Latvia. In May 2010, MISC Bhd of Malaysia acquired 50% of VTTI for $735 million. In January 2012 Vitol acquired a stake in a subsidiary of the South African shipping firm Grindrod, which gives it access to a coal terminal in Mozambique.
In addition to offices in Dubai and Bahrain, Vitol's key strategic asset in the Middle East is the Fujairah Refinery Company Limited (FRCL), which operates an 82,000 barrel per day refinery and a 1,034,000 cubic metre tank farm. FRCL has further development plans in place, which include a 140,000 cubic metre expansion of the tank farm, refurbishment of existing refining units and the installation of additional processing units. Vitol also has refining assets in Cressier, Switzerland and in Antwerp, Belgium.
In February 2014, it was announced that Vitol, in concert with the Abu Dhabi Investment Council, had bought the downstream businesses of Shell Australia (excluding aviation) for a total of approximately AU$2.9 billion. The purchase included Shell's Geelong Refinery and its 870-site retail business, along with its bulk fuels, bitumen, chemicals and part of its lubricants businesses in Australia.
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