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In chemistry, vitriol is an archaic name for a sulfate. The name comes from the Latin word "vitreolum" for glassy, as crystals of several metallic sulfates resemble pieces of colored glass.
- Blue vitriol is copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Green vitriol is iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate
- Oil of vitriol is sulfuric acid
- Red vitriol is cobalt(II) sulfate heptahydrate
- Roman vitriol is copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Spirit of vitriol is sulfuric acid
- Sweet oil of vitriol is diethyl ether (not a sulfate)
- Vitriol with no further qualification often means sulfuric acid
- Vitriol of Mars is iron(III) sulfate
- White vitriol is zinc sulfate heptahydrate
|This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name.
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