Vittaria

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Vittaria
Vittaria lineata.jpg
Vittaria lineata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Moniliformopses
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Subfamily: Vittarioideae
Genus: Vittaria
James Edward Smith
Type species
Vittaria lineata
(L.) Sm.
Species

see text

Vittaria is a genus of ferns in the Vittarioideae subfamily of the family Pteridaceae.[1] It had previously been placed in the family Vittariaceae,[2] but that family is no longer recognized.[3]

Vittaria consists of epiphytes, with simple, entire, narrowly linear fronds.[4] It comprises six species, five of which are native to the neotropics. Vittaria isoetifolia is native to tropical Africa and islands of the southwestern Indian Ocean.[5] Vittaria isoetifolia and Vittaria lineata are known, albeit rarely, in cultivation.[6]

Vittaria was named by James Edward Smith in 1793 [7] in Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences (Turin).[8] The generic name is derived from the Latin, vitta, meaning "a band or ribbon".[9]

In 1990, Vittaria was defined broadly and estimated to have between 50 and 80 species.[2] The genus is difficult to divide into species, and many of the species are only doubtfully distinct. In a 1997 revision of the vittarioid ferns, only 34 species were recognized in Vittaria sensu lato.[5] Twenty of these were transferred to Haplopteris and eight to Radiovittaria, leaving only six in Vittaria.[5]

Species[edit]

Vittaria includes the following species (but this list may be incomplete).

Former species[edit]

Transferred to Haplopteris[edit]

Transferred to Radiovittaria[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christenhusz, Maarten J. M.; Zhang, Xian-Chun; Schneider, Harald (18 February 2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns". Phytotaxa 19: 7–54. ISSN 1179-3163. 
  2. ^ a b Karl U. Kramer. 1990. "Vittariaceae". pages 272-277. In: Klaus Kubitzki (general editor); Karl U. Kramer and Peter S. Green (volume editors) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume I. Springer-Verlag: Berlin;Heidelberg, Germany. ISBN 978-0-387-51794-0
  3. ^ Alan R. Smith, Kathleen M. Pryer, Eric Schuettpelz, Petra Korall, Harald Schneider, and Paul G. Wolf. 2008. "Davalliaceae". pages 443-444. In: "Fern Classification". pages 417-467. In: Tom A. Ranker and Christopher H. Haufler (editors). Biology and Evolution of Ferns and Lycophytes. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-87411-3
  4. ^ David J. Mabberley. 2008. Mabberley's Plant-Book third edition (2008). Cambridge University Press: UK. ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4
  5. ^ a b c Edmund H. Crane. 1997. "A Revised Circumscription of the Genera of the Fern Family Vittariaceae". Systematic Botany 22(3):509-517.
  6. ^ Anthony Huxley, Mark Griffiths, and Margot Levy (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. The Macmillan Press,Limited: London. The Stockton Press: New York. ISBN 978-0-333-47494-5 (set).
  7. ^ Vittaria in International Plant Names Index. (see External links below).
  8. ^ James Edward Smith. 1793. Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences (Turin) 5:413, pl. 9.
  9. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi. 2000. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names volume IV, page ?. CRC Press: Boca Raton; New York; Washington,DC;, USA. London, UK. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8 (set). (see External links below).

External links[edit]