Vivaro-Alpine dialect

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Vivaro-Alpine
Vivaroalpenc, Vivaroaupenc
Native to France
Region Southern France
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguasphere 51-AAA-gf & 51-AAA-gg
A map of the Vivaro-Alpine dialect in the Occitan language area.

Vivaro-Alpine (English name) or Vivaroalpenc, Vivaroaupenc (native name) is a Romance language variety spoken in southeastern France (namely, around the Dauphiné area) and northwestern Italy (the Occitan Valleys of Piedmont and Liguria). It in turn belongs to a broader category known as the Occitan language along with other forms of speech in the south of France such as Provençal and Gascon.[1][2] There is also a small Vivaro-Alpine enclave in the Guardia Piemontese, Calabria, where the language is known as gardiol. It belongs to the Northern Occitan dialect block, along with Auvergnat and Limousin.

Naming and classification[edit]

Vivaro-Alpine had been considered as a sub-dialect of Provençal, and named provençal alpin (Alpine Provençal) or Northern Provençal.[3]

Its use in the Dauphiné area has also lead to the use of dauphinois or dauphinois alpin to name it.[4] Along with Ronjat[4] and Bec,[5] it is now clearly recognized as a dialect of its own.

The UNESCO Atlas of World's languages in danger[6] uses the Alpine Provençal name, and considers it as seriously endangered.

Subdialects[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Jean-Marie Klinkenberg, Des langues romanes. Introduction aux études de linguistique romane, De Boeck, 2e édition, 1999,
  2. ^ La langue se divise en trois grandes aires dialectales : le nord-occitan (limousin, auvergnat, vivaro-alpin), l'occitan moyen, qui est le plus proche de la langue médiévale (languedocien et provençal au sens restreint), et le gascon (à l'ouest de la Garonne). in (French) Encyclopédie Larousse
  3. ^ (French) Jean-Claude Bouvier, "L'occitan en Provence : limites, dialectes et variété" in Revue de linguistique romane 43, pp 46-62
  4. ^ a b (French) Jules Ronjat, Grammaire istorique des parlers provençaux modernes, vol. IV Les dialectes, Montpellier, 1941
  5. ^ (French) Pierre Bec, La langue occitane, Paris, 1995
  6. ^ UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

See also[edit]