Viveza criolla is a Spanish language phrase literally meaning "native cunning" describing a way of life in Argentina and Uruguay. It is a philosophy of progress along the line of least resistance and ignoring rules, a lack of sense of responsibility and consideration for others, and it extends to all social groups and throughout the whole country, although it predominates in Buenos Aires. Viveza criolla has been called "the principal cause of a moral, cultural, economic, social and political crisis". It is a similar concept to jeitinho brasileiro in Brazil.
Viveza criolla includes:
- lack of respect for others and indifference to the common good in a framework of individual interests.
- political corruption, which extends in all institutions, in the form of perks, direct appropriation of public funds, favoritism, nepotism, misallocation of state resources, etc.
- extreme individualism, with mistrust of others and little ability to partner and cooperate in community goals. (Interpersonal trust is a key component of social capital, which is crucial for economic development and proper functioning of democratic institutions.)
- Anomie or weakening of the common morality, and social deviance as behavior that departs from generally accepted standards in society.
- The habit of blaming problems on someone else, thereby encouraging paranoia and granting a permit to self-indulgence.
- Hecha la ley, hecha la trampa. -- "Made the law, made a loophole."
- Total, si no robo yo, robará otro. -- "Overall, if I do not steal, another will steal."
- El vivo vive del zonzo y el zonzo de su trabajo -- "the smart guy lives off the sucker, and the sucker lives off his job"
- List of English words of Spanish origin
- Street smarts
- Argentine politics
- Argentine economic crisis (1999–2002)
- Gérson's law
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