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Vivian Blaine in Dream Girl.
November 21, 1921
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||December 9, 1995
New York City, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
|congestive heart failure|
|Spouse(s)||Manny Franks (m.1945-1956; divorced)
Milton Rackmil (m.1959-1961; divorced)
Stuart Clark (m.1973-1995; her death)
Life and career
Born Vivian Stapleton, the cherry-blonde-haired Blaine appeared on local stages as early as 1934 and was a touring singer with dance bands starting in 1937. In 1942, her agent and soon-to-be husband Manny Franks signed her to a contract with Twentieth Century-Fox, and she relocated to Hollywood, sharing top billing with Laurel and Hardy in Jitterbugs (1943) and starring in Greenwich Village (1944), Nob Hill (1945), and State Fair (1945), among other films.
Following her Fox years, Blaine returned to the stage, making her Broadway debut in the Frank Loesser musical Guys and Dolls in 1950. Her character Adelaide has been engaged to inveterate gambler Nathan Detroit for 14 years, a condition which, according to her song "Adelaide's Lament", can foster physical illness as well as chronic heartbreak. After the show's 1200-performance run on Broadway, in which she starred opposite Sam Levene as Nathan Detroit and Robert Alda as fellow gambler Sky Masterson, she reprised the role in London's West End in 1953, and then on film in 1955, with Frank Sinatra playing Nathan and Marlon Brando in Sky's role.
Blaine also appeared on the Broadway stage in A Hatful of Rain, Say, Darling, Enter Laughing, Company, and Zorba, as well as participating in the touring companies of such musicals as Gypsy. As she reached age 50, her television career took off, with guest appearances on shows like Fantasy Island, Murder She Wrote and The Love Boat, and a recurring role in the cult hit Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman. On the 25th annual Tony Awards in 1971, she appeared as a guest performer and sang "Adelaide's Lament" from Guys and Dolls, providing a visual recording of the performance for posterity.
Blaine in her later years was managed by Rob Cipriano and L'Etoile Talent Agencies in New York City. Cipriano spent the early 1980s developing projects for Blaine including Puppy Love a TV sitcom with Jake LaMotta and Pat Cooper. She always shared in meeting that working with Cipriano reminded her working with her first husband Manny Franks.
Blaine's first marriage, to Franks, lasted from 1945 to 1956. She then married Milton Rackmil, president of Universal Studios and Decca Records, in 1959, and recorded several albums prior to their 1961 divorce. In 1973, Blaine married Stuart Clark. In 1983 she became the first celebrity to make public service announcements for AIDS-related causes. She made numerous appearances in support of the then fledgling AIDS-Project Los Angeles (APLA) and in 1983 recorded her cabaret act for AEI Records which donated its royalties to the new group; this included the last recordings of her songs from Guys and Dolls. Her prior albums for Mercury Records have all subsequently been reissued on CD.
Blaine died of congestive heart failure on December 9, 1995.
- It Happened in Flatbush (1942)
- Thru Different Eyes (1942)
- Girl Trouble (1942)
- He Hired the Boss (1943)
- Jitterbugs (1943)
- Greenwich Village (1944)
- Something for the Boys (1944)
- The All-Star Bond Rally (1945) (short subject)
- Nob Hill (1945)
- State Fair (1945)
- Doll Face (1945)
- If I'm Lucky (1946)
- Three Little Girls in Blue (1946)
- Skirts Ahoy! (1952)
- Main Street to Broadway (1953)
- Guys and Dolls (1955)
- Public Pigeon No. 1 (1957)
- Richard (1972)
- The Dark (1979)
- Parasite (1982)
- I'm Going to Be Famous (1983)
- Those Two (1951-1952)
- Dream Girl (1955)
- Katie: Portrait of a Centerfold (1978)
- The Cracker Factory (1979)
- Fast Friends (1979)
- Sooner or Later (1979)
- Murder, She Wrote—Episode "Broadway Malady" (1985)
- One Touch of Venus (1948)
- Bloomer Girl (1949)
- Light Up the Sky (1949)
- Guys and Dolls (1950-1953)
- Panama Hattie (1955)
- A Hatful of Rain (1956-1958)
- Rain (1957)
- Say, Darling (1958)
- Gypsy (1960)
- A Streetcar Named Desire (1961)
- Born Yesterday (1961)
- Gypsy (1962)
- Enter Laughing (1963)
- Mr. President (1964)
- Guys and Dolls (1964-1966)
- Never Too Late (1965)
- Cactus Flower (1966-1967)
- Damn Yankees (1967)
- Any Wednesday (1968)
- Don't Drink the Water (1968-1969)
- Take Me Along (1968)
- The Marriage-Go-Round (1970)
- Zorba (1970-1971)
- Company (1971-1973)
- Light Up the Sky (1971)
- The Glass Menagerie (1972)
- Follies (1973)
- I Do! I Do! (1973)
- Twigs (1973-1974)
- Hello, Dolly! (1974)
- The Best of Everybody (1975)
- Brothers and Sisters (1975)
- Light Up the Sky (1975)
- Almost on a Runway (1976)
- How the Other Half Loves (1977)
- Last of the Red Hot Lovers (1977-1979)
- The Boy Friend (1979)
- The Prisoner of Second Avenue (1979)
- Zorba (1984) (replacement for Lila Kedrova)
- Hello, Dolly! (1985)
- "Vivian Blaine - About This Person - Movies & TV - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. 2007-01-18. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- The 25th Annual Tony Awards (1971) at Internet Movie Database
- "Vivian Blaine - Live In Hollywood (CD, Album) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Vivian Blaine Singing Selections From Pal Joey/Annie Get Your Gun: Vivian Blaine: MP3 Downloads". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "VIVIAN BLAINE - Sings Songs from The Ziegfeld Follies & The Great White Way (SEPIA 1106)". Sepiarecords.com. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Vivian Blaine, Broadway Star of 'Guys and Dolls', dies at 74". Bangor Daily News. 1995-12-15. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
- Oderman, Stuart, Talking to the Piano Player 2. BearManor Media, 2009. ISBN 1-59393-320-7
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vivian Blaine.|
- Vivian Blaine at the Internet Movie Database
- Vivian Blaine at the Internet Broadway Database
- Vivian Blaine at AllRovi
- Vivian Blaine Papers at the New York Public Library
- YouTube video - Blaine performing "Adelaide's Lament" on Tony Awards
- Vivian Blaine papers, 1916-1995, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts