Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe

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Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe (born December 4, 1927 in Malmö – died July 3, 2004 in Copenhagen), often known simply as Torun, was one of Sweden's most important 20th century silversmiths and a master jeweller. She is the first female silversmith to have become internationally famous.[1] Among her most important works are the watch "Vivianna," the bracelet "Mobius," and the earrings and necklaces "Dew Drop."

Early life[edit]

Torun grew up on a remote Swedish island with her sculptor mother, town planner father and three older siblings. Her entire family was creative: a sister became a poet and her brother and other sister grew up to become architects. Torun began making jewelry as a teenager. She attended the Stockholm university of arts, crafts and design Konstfackskolan (later renamed Konstfack).[2] She staged her first exhibition at the age of 21.[3] In 1948 she traveled to Paris and Cannes, where she met painters Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Henri Matisse. A few years later she opened her own studio, which made her the first female silversmith in Sweden with her own workshop.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Torun had her first child, Pia, at the age of 18. She later married Pia’s father, a Danish journalism student, but the marriage was short-lived. In 1948, Torun married her second husband, a French architect, with whom she had a second child, Claude. In 1956 they divorced, and Torun lost custody of Claude to his father.[5] She then remarried and moved to Paris with her third husband, African-American painter Walter Coleman, with whom she later had two children, Ira and Marcia.[6] In 1958 the family moved to Biot in the south of France to avoid political problems they were encountering in Paris as a result of the war in Algeria. In 1965 Torun's marriage to Coleman broke up.[7]

After the breakup of her third marriage, Torun become a member of an international spiritual movement called Subud, and in 1968 she moved to Germany to be nearer to a Subud community.[8][9] She later moved to Jakarta in Indonesia, where Subud was founded. In 2002, after being diagnosed with leukemia, she left Indonesia to live with her daughter Marcia in Denmark until her death in 2004 at the age of 76.

Work and Awards[edit]

Throughout her career, Torun worked in Sweden, France, Germany and Indonesia.

In 1948, saying that she didn't want to design jewelry for the wives of wealthy men to keep locked up in private, Torun began making what she called "anti-status jewelry" out of twisted silver wire embellished with crystals and stones. In 1959, she designed the Mobius necklace, which included a lead crystal drop to be draped over the shoulder of the wearer. It was described by Barbara Cartlidge, author of the reference book Twentieth Century Jewelry, as a "milestone in the history of modern jewelry." In 1962, Torun designed a stainless steel bangle-style wristwatch for an exhibition at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris.[10] It later became the first wristwatch to be produced by the world-renowned Danish silver company Georg Jensen.[11]

In 1960, Torun was awarded a gold medal at the 1960 Milan Triennale and also won the American Lunning Prize for design, given annually to innovative Scandinavian designers in their thirties. She then met, for the first time, Danish silversmith Georg Jensen, for whom she began designing exclusively in 1969.

Torun is the designer behind some of the most famous Georg Jensen jewelry designs, including 'Mobius', 'The Vivianna / Open Watch', 'Beans', Forget me knot' and 'Hidden Heart'. She is the second most famous Georg Jensen designer, behind Jensen himself. In 1992 she was awarded the Prince Eugen medal by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden for outstanding artistic achievement.[12] Also in 1992, the Georg Jensen form held an exhibition honouring 25 years of its association with Torun, 45 years of her work with silver and her 65th birthday. In the same year, the Musee des Arts Decoratifs in the Louvre held a 45-year retrospective of Torun's work.[13]

Torun's jewelry was inspired by natural shapes such as flowers, leaves, swirls and the flow of water. It is described as sober, minimalist and simple. Torun has been praised for her ability to shape solid materials into seemingly flexible forms, so that metal flows like water around the wearer's neck and shoulders.[14] She did not use valuable stones, preferring instead pebbles, granite, rock crystal, moonstone and quartz.[15]

Torun's jewelry has been worn by celebrities including Billie Holiday, Ingrid Bergman, and Brigitte Bardot, and her customers included Pablo Picasso and Duke Ellington.[16] Her work can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Swedish National Museum in Stockholm, the Musee des Arts Decoratifs in Montreal, the Louvre in Paris, the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths in London, and in the Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich. Her jewelry and housewares are sold today by retailers such as Georg Jensen, Bed Bath & Beyond and Amazon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Georg Jensen Designers". The Georg Jensen Designers. Georg Jensen. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Vivianna Torun Bulow-Hube". Home Life. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "Beyond Time: Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe". Eye On Design. June 1999. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Georg Jensen Designers". The Georg Jensen Designers. Georg Jensen. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "The Georg Jensen Designers". The Georg Jensen Designers. Georg Jensen. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Vivianna Torun Bulow-Hube". Home Life. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Georg Jensen Designers". The Georg Jensen Designers. Georg Jensen. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  8. ^ "Vivianna Torun Bulow-Hube". Home Life. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  9. ^ Geels, Antoon (1997). Subud and the Javanese mystical tradition. Surrey, Great Britain: Curzon Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-7007-0623-2. 
  10. ^ "Beyond Time: Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe". Eye On Design. June 1999. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Designer: Torun Bülow-Hübe". Designer: Torun Bülow-Hübe. Modernity. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Beyond Time: Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe". Eye On Design. June 1999. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "The Georg Jensen Designers". The Georg Jensen Designers. Georg Jensen. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "Torun: A Passion In Silver". Torun: A Passion In Silver. Scandinavian Design. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Designer: Torun Bülow-Hübe". Designer: Torun Bülow-Hübe. Modernity. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Beyond Time: Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe". Eye On Design. June 1999. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 

External links[edit]

A link to video of artist discussing her work in Swedish: