Vizhnitz (Hasidic dynasty)

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Vizhnitz is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rabbi Menachem Mendel Hager. Vizhnitz is the Yiddish name of Vyzhnytsia, a village in present-day Ukraine.

Followers of the rebbes of Vizhnitz are called Vizhnitzer Hasidim.

History of dynastic leadership[edit]

Menachem Mendel Hager[edit]

Menachem Mendel Hager was born on May 17, 1830 in Kosiv. He was the son of Rabbi Chaim Hager of Kosiv and the son-in-law of Rabbi Israel Friedman of Ruzhyn. He was appointed Rebbe at the age of 24, and soon after he moved to Vyzhnytsia, a small town close to Kosiv. As his reputation grew, so did his followers. He became known and admired for his charitable acts, sincerity in prayer and love for Eretz Yisrael. In his older years he endeavored to emigrate there. He had two sons, Reb Boruch and another, Reb Yaakov Dovid, who died during his lifetime. His son-in-law was the son of Rabbi Yehoshua Rokeach of Belz, Reb Shmuel of Sokal. His Torah thoughts were published under the title Tzemach Tzaddik. He died on October 18, 1884 and was buried in Vyzhnytsia. His son Reb Boruch took his place becoming the second Rebbe of Vizhnitz.

Boruch Hager[edit]

Boruch Hager was born in 1845 and was named after Rabbi Boruch of Medzhybizh at the behest of his grandfather, Yisroel Friedman of Ruzhyn. In 1885, aged 40 he inherited the mantle of leadership from his father, Menachem Mendel Hager, and became rebbe to thousands of Hasidim. He led them for only eight years until his death in 1892. His Torah thoughts were collected in Imrei Boruch by his son-in-law. Eight of his sons became rebbes in different locals: His eldest, Reb Yisroel, succeeded him in Vyzhnytsia; Reb Chaim became rebbe in Ottynia; Reb Moshe in Suceava; Reb Shmuel Avrohom Abba in Horodenka; Reb Yaakov Yitzchok Dovid in Storozhynets; Reb Pinchos in Borsha; Reb Feivish in Zelishtshik; Reb Yechiel Michel succeeded his brother in Horodenka. Another son, Reb Sholom, died in his youth. His sons-in-law were Reb Shmuel Dov Chodorov of Petriva; Reb Mordechai Chodorov of Kolomea, who published Imrey Boruch; Reb Sholom Yosef Friedman of Sadigur-Chernovitz.

Yisroel Hager[edit]

Yisroel Hager was born on August 20, 1860. He was the first-born son of Rabbi Boruch Hager. He married the daughter of Rabbi Meir Horowitz of Dzhikov. In 1875 he moved to his father-in-law's house and studied at great length with his brother-in-law Rabbi Yehoshua of Dzikov. Three years later he returned to Vyzhnytsia and became very close to his grandfather, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Hager. In 1893 he was appointed as rebbe in Vyzhnytsia. The young rebbe invigorated the dynasty and attracted many more followers from the surrounding provinces. He established many Talmud Torahs, and also a yeshiva, to which he appointed his son Rabbi Menachem Mendel as rosh yeshiva. When the World War I broke out he was forced to move to Grosswardein (Oradea). He lived there until his death on 2 June 1936.[1] In 1949, his remains were transferred to Israel and re-interred in Zichron Meir, Bnei Brak.

His sons were Reb Menachem Mendel of Visheve, Reb Chaim Meir (Chayim Meir'l), who inherited his father's position in Grosswardein; Reb Eliezer of Vyzhnytsia; Reb Boruch of Siret; and Reb Shmuel Abba who died young. He also had six daughters.

Chaim Meir Hager[edit]

After the Holocaust, Reb Chaim Meir settled in Bnei Brak, Israel, to build a community there. Disciples from pre-war Europe gathered around him and formed a comprehensive net of educational and communal institutions. He became a spiritual mentor of the Agudas Yisrael party in the Israeli Knesset. Agudas Yisrael won substantial government aid for Bnei Brak and affiliated communities in return for its support in coalition governments.[2]

Reb Chaim Meir had two sons, the older Moshe (Reb Moshelle) and the younger Mordechai (Reb Mottele).[2]

Reb Chaim Meir's sons-in-law include Rabbis Yidele Horowitz, Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss (both were married to Reb Chaim Meir's daughter, Miriam),[3] and Yisrael Friedman (married to Reb Chaim Meir's daughter, Tziporah. Their son is Hoshea Friedman).[4]

Vizhnitz today[edit]

The head rabbis, also known as Admorim (Hebrew: אדמו"ר‎, which is the acronym for "אדונינו מורינו ורבינו" "Adoneinu Moreinu V'Rabeinu", "our master, our teacher and our rabbi"), are located currently in Bnei Brak and Haifa in Israel and Monsey, New York.

Bnei Brak[edit]

Rabbi Moshe Yehoshua Hager, was the Vizhnitser Rebbe in Bnei Brak. He died on March 13, 2012 aged 95.[5] He had two sons and four daughters. His elder son is Rabbi Yisroel, named after his great grandfather, the "Ahavas Yisroel"; his other son is Rabbi Menachem Mendel, named after the founding Vizhnitzer Rebbe, author of Tzemach Tzaddik. Rabbi Yisroel has inherited his father's community. Rabbi Menachem Mendel, some years prior to his father's death, established his own community in Bnei Brak. After their father died both brothers assumed leadership in their own respective courts in harmony and peace just a few streets apart. They join in each other's simchos and with love and respect. Rabbi Moshe Yehoshua's sons-in-law are famous rabbis. The eldest daughter married Rabbi David Twersky, the Skverer Rebbe of New Square, NY. One daughter married Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach, the Belzer Rebbe from Jerusalem. One daughter married Rabbi Aaron Teitelbaum, the Satmar Rebbe from Kiryas Joel, NY. The youngest daughter married Rabbi Menachem Ernster, the rosh yeshiva of the Vizhnitz Yeshiva in Bnei Brak.[6]

Rabbi Yisroel Hager of Bnei Brak

Monsey[edit]

Rabbi Mordechai Hager is the Vizhnitzer Rebbe in Monsey.[7] He is known for his devotion to learning Torah: he has studies 18 hours a day and asks his Chasidim to study at least two hours every day. He has about 5,000 followers internationally.[citation needed] He has 14 children, 8 sons and 6 daughters. His sons serve as leaders of his followers' synagogues, in the United States and internationally. The eldest son, Rabbi Pinches Shulem serves the Synagogue in Borough Park, Brooklyn, New York; Rabbi Yisroel serves the Synagogue in Monsey, New York; Rabbi Mendel serves the synagogue in Kiamesha Lake, New York; Rabbi Yitzchok Yochonon serves the Synagogue in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. The other sons serve internationally: Rabbi Aron in Montreal, Canada; Rabbi Duvid in London, UK; Rabbi Eliezer in Jerusalem, Israel and his youngest son, Rabbi Buroch Shamshon, in Beit Shemesh.

Seret-Vizhnitz[edit]

Rabbi Eliezer Hager is the Seret-Vizhnitzer Rebbe in Haifa, Israel. He is a first cousin of the rebbes of Bnei Brak and Monsey. He is the older of two sons of Rebbe Boruch Hager, author of Mekor Baruch, who was a son of the Ahavas Yisroel. Rabbi Menachem Dovid Hager is the Shotz-Vizhnitzer Rebbe in Haifa, Israel; he is a nephew of the Seret-Vizhnitzer Rebbe.


Toldos Avrohom Yitzchok[edit]

Rebbe Shmuel Yaakov Kohn, the Toldos Avrohom Yitzchok Rebbe of Jerusalem, was a student of the late Rebbe Chaim Meir of Vizhnitz, and of Rebbe Moshe Yehoshua of Vizhnitz, and has adopted many of the customs of Vizhnitz.

Vizhnitzer hats[edit]

Vizhnitzer Hasidim are uniquely dressed in that they are the only group − besides the Stropkover Hassidim − who wear their hat bow on the right side, not left, which makes it seem backwards compared to similar hats.

Lineage of the Vizhnitz-Kosov dynasty[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yisroel ben Eliezer
(1698-1760)
The Baal Shem Tov
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yaakov Koppel Chosid
(disciple of the Baal Shem Tov)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Menachem Mendel Hager of Kosov
Ahavas Shalom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chaim Hager of Kosov
Toras Chaim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yaakov Shimshon Hager of Kosov
 
 
Yosef Alter Hager
of Radovitz
(1820?-1879) (grandson-in-law of Moshe Zvi of Savran)
 
 
Menachem Mendel Hager,
1st Rebbe of Vizhnitz
Tzemach Tzadik
(1830-1884) (son in law of Yisroel of Ruzhin)
Tzemachtzaddik.JPG
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boruch Hager
2nd Rebbe of Vizhnitz
(1845-1892)
Imrei Boruch
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yisroel Hager
3rd Rebbe of Vizhnitz
Ahavas Yisroel
(1860-1936)
Ahavasyisrael.JPG
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chaim Hager of Ottynia
Tal Chaim
(1863-1931)
 
Moshe Hager of Shotz
 
Shmuel Avrohom Abo Hager of Horodenka
 
Yitschok Yaakov Dovid Hager
of Storozhynets
(1866-1932)
 
Pinchos Hager of Borsha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Menachem Mendl Hager
Rov of Visheve
(1886-1941)
 
Chaim Meir Hager
4th Rebbe of Vizhnitz
Imrei Chaim
(1888-1972)
Imreichaim.JPG
 
Eliezer Hager
Damesek Eliezer
(1890-1945)
Damesekeliezer.JPG
 
Baruch Hager
Vizhnitz Rebbe in Seret and Haifa
Mekor Baruch
(1895-1963)
 
Israel Shalom Joseph Hager
Rebbe of Stanisławów
 
Menachem Mendel Hager
Rebbe of Ottynia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Moshe Yehoshua Hager,
5th Rebbe of Vizhnitz Bnei Brak
(1916-2012)
 
Mordechai Hager
Rebbe of Vizhnitz
 
Eliezer Hager
Rebbe of Seret-Vizhnitz in Haifa
Seretviznitz.JPG
 
Moshe Hager, previous Rosh Yeshivah of Seret-Vizhnitz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Der Israelit, 4 June 1936, p. 13 Archived 22 January 2011 at WebCite
  2. ^ a b The Roots of Hasidism: The Two Viznitz's (nyc-architecture.com) Archived 22 January 2011 at WebCite
  3. ^ Invitation written by Reb Yisroel Hager to the wedding of his granddaughter Miriam and Reb Yidele Horowitz (in Hebrew)
  4. ^ Ehrlich, Aryeh (6 October 2014). "Legacy of Many Threads". Mishpacha. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Rabbi Moshe Hager, a Hasidic Leader, Dies at 95
  6. ^ Benari, Elad (14 March 2012). "Vizhnitzer Rebbe Passes Away at 95". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Second Vizhnitz Rebbe Falls Ill". Israel National News. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 

External links[edit]