26 September 1948 |
České Budějovice, Czechoslovakia
|Member of European Parliament, pilot, ambassador|
|Rank||Colonel, Czechoslovak Air Force|
Time in space
|7d 22h 17m|
|Selection||Air Force Group 6|
Vladimír "Volodya" Remek (born 26 September 1948) is a Czech politician, diplomat and sales representative, and a former cosmonaut and military pilot. He flew aboard Soyuz 28 from 2 to 10 March 1978, for seven days, 22 hours, and 17 minutes, becoming the first Czechoslovak in space; he is also the first and so far only Czech in space. He was the first cosmonaut from a country other than the Soviet Union or the United States, and as of 2004 with the entry of the Czech Republic into the European Union, Remek is considered to be the first astronaut from the European Union. In 2004, he was elected into the European Parliament.
Remek was born on 26 September 1948 in the city of České Budějovice. He spent two years studying at the observatory in Kraví hora, Brno between 1962 and 1964. He studied at middle school in Čáslav and then proceeded to an aviation school in Košice, from which he graduated in 1970. Remek is a 1976 graduate of the Gagarin Air Force Academy and, in 1988, graduated from Voroshilov-Staff Academy of Soviet Air Force. He was a Director of the Museum for Aviation and Astronautics in Prague. Remek was a representative for firm "Che-Zet" in Moscow.
Remek joined the Intercosmos program in 1976; his backup was Oldřich Pelčák. After his 1978 flight, on 16 March, he and Aleksei Gubarev, the other member of the crew, were awarded the medal Hero of the Soviet Union.
From 20 July 2004 to 15 December 2013, Remek was a member of the Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left in the European Parliament.
During the 2004 European Parliament election, Remek was an independent candidate for the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and, being second on the list, was elected into the European Parliament. He was elected again in 2009. In January 2014, Remek became Czech ambassador to Russia.
In Popular Culture
2552 Remek was named in his honor.
- Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space (1999)
- "Biographies of International Astronauts; Remek, Vladimír "Volodya"". Space Facts. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Commemorating 30 years of European human space flight". EU CORDIS. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Sojuz 28 v L+K č. 5/1978". MEK (in Czech). 17 February 2003. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- "Historie". Hvězdárna a planetárium Brno (in Czech). Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.
- (Russian) Biography at the website on Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia.
- "European Parliament / MEPs". Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Remek to take up post as ambassador to Russia on 16 Jan". Prague Daily Monitor. 14 January 2014.
Media related to Vladimír Remek at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Biography of Vladimír Remek at the European Parliament
- Short biography (in Czech)
- Spacefacts biography of Vladimír Remek