||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
May 13, 1942 |
|Rank||Major General, Soviet Air Force|
|Time in space||145d 15h 56m|
|Selection||Air Force Group 5|
|Missions||Soyuz 27, Soyuz 39, Soyuz T-6, Soyuz T-12, Soyuz T-13|
Dzhanibekov was born in the remote area of Iskandar in Tashkent Province, Uzbekistan. He changed his surname from Krysin when he married to honor his wife's family, which was noble kin of the descendants of the medieval Uzbek khan Jani Beg (Russianized as Dzhanibek). His family moved to Tashkent soon after his birth. In 1960 he entered Leningrad University to study physics, where he became involved in flying, something that he had always been interested in. In 1961 he decided to enroll in the V. M. Komarov Higher Military Flying School at Yeisk and simultaneously studied at the Taganrog State University of Radioengineering. Four years later he graduated and became a flying instructor in the Soviet Air force serving at military training unit number 99735 in Taganrog in 1968-1970. In 1970 during the visit of Gherman Titov to the Taganrog-based training unit, he was selected into the team of cosmonauts. This was the same year that he joined the Communist Party.
Dzhanibekov made five flights: Soyuz 27, Soyuz 39, Soyuz T-6, Soyuz T-12 and Soyuz T-13. In all he had spent 145 days, 15 hours and 56 minutes in space over these five missions. He had also performed two EVAs with a total time of 8 hours and 35 minutes.
After leaving the cosmonaut program in 1986, he became involved in politics. He was the Deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Uzbek SSR from 1985 until 1990. He is also interested painting and his works, predominantly about space, have been shown in several exhibitions.
He also became interested in ballooning, and flying around the world. He made only one flight though, which lasted only 30 minutes. He, Larry Newman and Don Moses lifted off in Earthwinds on January 13, 1993 but could not penetrate a strong inversion layer and tore the ballast balloon on a mountain peak.
Honours and awards
- Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1978 & 1981);
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR;
- Order of Friendship (Russian Federation);
- Five Orders of Lenin;
- Order of the Red Star;
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR 3rd class;
- Medal "For Merit in Space Exploration" (Russian Federation);
- Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945";
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Soviet Militia";
- Medals "For Impeccable Service" 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes.
- Kosmonavtlar metro station in Tashkent commemorates Uzbekistan's contribution to the Soviet space programme including that of Dzhanibekov.
- Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic;
- Commander of the Legion of Honour (France);
- Order of the Banner of the Hungarian People's Republic;
- Order of Sukhbaatar (Mongolia).
- Tennis racket theorem, or Dzhanibekov effect, a theorem in dynamics involving the stability of a rotating body with different moments of inertia along each axis.
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