Vlad Filat

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Vlad Filat
Vladimir Filat.jpg
Prime Minister of Moldova
In office
25 September 2009 – 25 April 2013
President Mihai Ghimpu (Acting)
Marian Lupu (Acting)
Nicolae Timofti
Preceded by Vitalie Pîrlog (Acting)
Succeeded by Iurie Leancă
President of Moldova
Acting
In office
28 December 2010 – 30 December 2010
Preceded by Mihai Ghimpu (Acting)
Succeeded by Marian Lupu (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1969-05-06) May 6, 1969 (age 45)
Lăpușna, Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
(nowadays Moldova)
Political party Democratic Party (1997–2007)
Liberal Democratic Party (2007–present)
Other political
affiliations
Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (1998–1999)
Alliance for European Integration (2009–present)
Spouse(s) Sanda Filat (←2012)
Angela Gonța (2014→)
Children Luca
Iustina
Ekaterina
Alma mater Cooperation College of Chişinău
University of Iaşi
Religion Moldovan Orthodoxy

Vladimir Filat (born May 6, 1969), commonly referred to as Vlad Filat (pronounced ['vlad fi.lat]) is a Moldavian businessman and politician, founder of Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova. He was the Prime Minister of Moldova from September 25, 2009 to April 25, 2013. He also was appointed as the Interim President of Moldova for a brief period of time in 2010.[1]

Education and early career[edit]

Vlad is the second child of Maria and Vasile Filat and was born on May 6, 1969, in Lăpuşna, a commune in the Moldavian SSR. Alongside his two sisters (Ala and Valentina) and brother Ion, Vlad grew up in a part of Lăpuşna called "Talcioc". In 1986, he graduated from high school in his hometown. Between 1986 and 1987, he worked at the school radio station until he was called up for military service. He carried out his compulsory military service in the Soviet army (May 8, 1987 — August 15, 1989), in Simferopol and Sevastopol.

From 1989 to 1990, he studied at the Cooperation College (Kooperativny technikum) of Chişinău, going on to study law at the University of Iaşi (1990–1994). As a student, he was the leader of the "League of students from Bessarabia in Romania", an organization formed by Moldovan students in Romania. In Iaşi, among his classmates was Alexandru Tănase. While he was a student in Iaşi, he met his wife Sanda in the autumn of 1991; they dated for only three months before they married.

Between 1994–1998, Vlad Filat initiated and conducted more business in Romania. He was general director of "RoMold Trading SRL" in Iaşi (1994–1997) and the president of the Administrative Council of "Dosoftei" company in Iaşi (1997–1998).

Early political activity[edit]

Filat was a member of the Democratic Party of Moldova from 1997, when the party was founded, until 2007.

Having returned to Moldova for good in 1998, he was appointed general director of the Department of Privatization and State Property Administration from the Ministry of Economy and Reform of the Government of the Republic of Moldova (1998-1999).

He was a State minister in the Ion Sturza cabinet of Alliance for Democracy and Reforms from 12 March 1999 to 12 November 1999.

In 2000, Filat was elected Vice-President of the Democratic Party. In the 2005 parliamentary election, he became a member of the Moldovan Parliament. Until March 2009, he was Vice-President of the Parliamentary Commission for Security, Public Order, and Defense. He was also a member of the EU-Moldova Parliamentary Cooperation Committee.

He ran for Mayor of Chişinău in the 2007 local election and won 8.32% of the vote, in fourth place. Soon after the local election, in September 2007, he left the Democratic Party after ten years of political activity inside the party.

Filat has been the President of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova since December 2007.

Moldovan parliamentary election, 2009[edit]

In the April 2009 parliamentary election, his party won 15 seats and in the July 2009 parliamentary election PLDM became the second party in the country with 18 seats and the first party within the Alliance For European Integration.

Alliance for European Integration[edit]

After the July 2009 parliamentary election, alongside Mihai Ghimpu, Marian Lupu, and Serafim Urechean, Vlad Filat signed the Alliance For European Integration in a press-conference on August 8, 2009. Towards the end of August 2009, he became the candidate of the Alliance For European Integration for the post of Prime Minister of Moldova.

Prime minister[edit]

The Constitutional Court of Moldova confirmed earlier on September 17, 2009 the legitimacy of Mihai Ghimpu's position as Acting President of Moldova, which gave him the right to nominate a prime minister. On the same day, Ghimpu signed a decree nominating Filat for the office of prime minister. Earlier on September 17, the parliament approved a new government structure; according to the draft structure, the number of ministries remains unchanged at 16 but their names and responsibilities have been changed.[2]

The Alliance for European Integration gave a vote of confidence to the new government headed by PM Vladimir Filat at a plenary meeting on September 25, 2009.

On March 8, 2013 Filat was dismissed by motion of censure following charges of corruption, abuse of power and influence peddling.[3] In spite of this, President Nicolae Timofti decreed that members of the government should continue to exert their public duties until a new government were to be formed.[4]

Subsequently on April 10, 2013 the President nominated Vlad Filat as a candidate for Prime Minister, authorizing him with the mission of forming a new government. However, on April 22, 2013, the Constitutional Court ruled that this decree is unconstitutional, stating that a Prime Minister ousted by vote of no confidence following suspicions of corruption cannot further perform this duty and that the President has the constitutional obligation to appoint in the interim capacity a member of the government whose integrity was not affected.[5]

The President appointed Iurie Leancă as Acting Prime Minister on April 25, 2013.

Family[edit]

Filat has divorced Sanda Filat in August 2012, psychologist, and they have two children: Luca (b. 1995) and Iustina (b. 1998).

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vitalie Pîrlog
Acting
Prime Minister of Moldova
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Iurie Leancă
Preceded by
Mihai Ghimpu
Acting
President of Moldova
Acting

2010
Succeeded by
Marian Lupu
Acting