|This article is a rough translation from Russian. It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator without dual proficiency.|
Владимирская область (Russian)
|— Oblast —|
|Established||August 14, 1944|
|Government (as of March 2013)|
|- Governor (acting)||Svetlana Orlova|
|- Legislature||Oblast Duma|
|Area (as of the 2002 Census)|
|- Total||29,000 km2 (11,000 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|- Density||49.78 /km2 (128.9 /sq mi)|
|Time zone(s)||MSK (UTC+04:00)|
Vladimir Oblast (Russian: Влади́мирская о́бласть, Vladimirskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Vladimir, which is located 190 kilometers (120 mi) east of Moscow. Population: 1,443,693 (2010 Census).
Vladimir Oblast borders with Moscow, Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, Ryazan, and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts. The oblast is situated in the center of the East European Plain. The Klyazma and the Oka are the most important rivers of oblast. There are approximately three hundred lakes. The oblast is situated in a zone of mixed forests.
In the modern fauna are more than 50 species of mammals, including elk, wild boar, roe deer, red and sika deer, lynx, wolf, squirrel, rabbit, marten, fox, weasel, badger and other fur-bearing animals (hunting is open from October to February), 5 species of reptiles and 10 species of amphibians. The semiaquatic Russian desman is listed in the Russian Red Book of endangered species.
The region is inhabited by 216 species of birds, among which are: the capercaillie, black grouse, grouse, partridge, woodcock, goose, duck, etc. The Lesser White-fronted Goose is also listed in the above mentioned book.
On the commercial hunting of animals for hunting licenses and permits is open on the following dates:
elk, wild boar, red deer, sika deer (mid November - mid January) Hare ( October - January) Hunting for grouse, black grouse, woodcock, duck and goose resolved within 10 days in April. Bodies of water in the region is also rich in river and lake fish of numerous (about 40) species ( eel, roach, pike, perch, bream, rudd, in Kliazma meets starlet ), fishing in the winter ( ice fishing ) period. There are several game farms.
The total surface of the surface water is 32.9 hectares.
Hundreds of rivers with a total length of more than 8.6 million kilometers (their number together with streams comes to 560) are found in the region. The Klyazma River flows into the Oka River on the south-eastern edge of the border with the Nizhny Novgorod Region. The major tributaries the Klyazma River in the Vladimir Region are the Sherna (with Molokcha flowing into it), the Kirzhach (with its own tributaries being the Big and Small Kirzhach), the Peksha, the Koloksha, the Nerl Sudogda, the Gone, the Luh and the Suvorosch. Tributaries of the Oka within Vladimir are the Goose Unzha and Usna. The Dubna River, a tributary of the Volga River, originates near the town of Alexandrov. The Oka River is navigable throughout the region (157 km). The rivers in the region are characterised by their flat currents, broad valleys and meandering channels. Water levels are characterised by their high spring tides, low-water periods over summer-autumn prone to occasional flooding during heavy rains, and low-waters stable throughout the winter.
There are about 300 lakes covering an area of five thousand hectares. Most of them are small, undrained, many overgrown peat layer. The origin of different lakes . Numerous oxbow lakes are scattered along the river valleys . The largest of them - Urvanovskoe (12 km long) and Vishal (length about 10 km). In Meshcherskaia lowlands and in the northwest area of the lake there are ancient alluvial valleys: Isihry, holy lakes and other karst origin, located in the lower reaches of the Klyaz'ma and in the center of the county Vyazniki (Northeast Region), have highly mineralized water and are associated with an underground watercourses. The largest and deepest of them - Lake Kschara. In the district of Alexandrov and Yuriev-Polsky's glacial lakes are small in size.
The main arrays wetlands area (total area of 37.4 thousand hectares ) occur in Meshcherskaia and Balakhna (Northeast Region) lowlands.
The oldest known traces of human settlement date to the Upper Paleolithic. Point parking lot of the Upper Paleolithic man (about 25 thousand years BC. E.) In the area of "Sungir" speak about the population of the Vladimir land since ancient times. Archaeological excavations Moore and other settlements tell us about the Finno-Ugric roots of this land. The territory of the region inhabited Mereschi, Moore and Meria.
Since the 10th century began Slavic colonization area, towns Moore, Suzdal. The current territory of the Vladimir Oblast became part of the Old Russian state. In the 11th century became part of the Rostov-Suzdal principality in the 12th century Vladimir-Suzdal principality. In the early 12th century, there was Vladimir, the same is likely to Yaropolch-Zaleski. In the mid-12th century during the rule of Yuri Dolgorukiy and Andrey Bogolyubsky area of Vladimir region is rapidly developing. Arise town Yuriev-Polsky, Gorohovets, Starodub-on-Kliazma, Mstislavl, princely residence and Kideksha Bogoljubovo. Visibility of monuments of history- preserved city reminiscent of the ancient medieval Russian history - the peak of the cultural development of these places, and detailed documents about the history of the last hundred years.
During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Vladimir CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.
The Charter of Vladimir Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.
Economy and transportation
- Births (2012): 16 445 (11.5 per 1000)
- Deaths (2012): 23 733 (16.6 per 1000) 
- Total fertility rate:
2009 - 1.46 | 2010 - 1.46 | 2011 - 1.50 | 2012 - 1.62 | 2013 - 1.59(e)
Ethnic composition (2010):
- Russians: 95.6%
- Ukrainians: 0.9%
- Tatars: 0.5%
- Armenians: 0.5%
- Belarusians: 0.3%
- Others: 2.2%
- 95,410 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.
According to a 2012 official survey 42.3% of the population of Vladimir Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, and 1% to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 32% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 14% is atheist, and 4.7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vladimir Oblast.|
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