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|Member of the Russian Parliament
3 September 1966 |
Rubtsovsk, Altai Krai, RSFSR
|Political party||Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party|
|Alma mater||Altai State University|
|RPR leader Vladimir Ryzhkov talks about 1991 events|
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Ryzhkov (Russian: Влади́мир Алекса́ндрович Рыжко́в; born 3 September 1966 in Rubtsovsk) is a Russian historian and liberal politician, a co-chair of political party RPR-PARNAS (since 2006) and former Russian State Duma member (1993–2007), First Deputy Chairmen of the State Duma and the leader of parliamentary group Our Home – Russia. He is a candidate of historical sciences and a professor of the Higher School of Economics. Anchorman of a number of Echo of Moscow radio programs.
Vladimir Ryzhkov was a deputy head of administration of Altai Krai in 1991-1993 and represented the city of Barnaul in the State Duma in 1993-2007. Since 2006 Vladimir Ryzhkov is a co-chair of registered political party Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party (RPR-PARNAS). He was one of members of The Other Russia coalition and a participant of Dissenters' Marches and other meetings. Active speaker during 2011–2012 Russian protest rallies.
Ryzhkov was first elected in 1993 and later headed a group of deputies from Russia's Choice (Выбор России), the main pro-Kremlin party under Russian President Boris Yeltsin. In 1997, he was elected Deputy President of the State Duma, becoming the youngest Speaker in its history. On 19 September 1998, Ryzhkov was appointed Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation on social issues, but turned down the offer only days later. In the general elections of 1999, he ran as an independent, but later joined the pro-Yeltsin coalition Unity Party of Russia. After Vladimir Putin's election in 2000, Ryzhkov was dismissed from the coalition. In 2003 general election, Vladimir Ryzhkov successfully ran as an independent, becoming one of the last liberal voices to remain in parliament. He cofounded the Democratic Alternative association with another independent deputy Mikhail Zadornov in 2004.
In 2005, Ryzhkov became head of the Republican Party of Russia (Республиканская партия России), which in 2007 was refused registration for the parliament elections later that year. Because of a recent law requiring all candidates be nominated by political parties, Ryzhkov could not run as an independent.
Since 2006, Ryzhkov has been affiliated with the Other Russia opposition coalition. Vladimir Ryzhkov represented the city of Barnaul in the Siberian Altai Region in the Russian State Duma in 1993-2007. He was first elected in 1993 and worked in a group of deputies from "Vibor Rossii", the main reformists party under Russian President Boris Yeltsin. In 1997, he was elected first Deputy President of the State Duma, becoming the youngest Speaker in its history. In the general election of 1999, he was elected as an independent deputy. After Vladimir Putin's election in 2000, Ryzhkov soon became one of the leading opposition figures. In the 2003 general elections, Vladimir Ryzhkov successfully ran as an independent deputy, becoming one of the last liberal voices to remain in parliament. In 2005, he became head of the Republican Party of Russia which in 2007 was refused registration for the parliament elections later this year. Because of a recent law requiring all candidates be nominated by political parties, Ryzhkov could not run as an independent. He became professor of Higher School of Economics (Moscow), writing political analysis in the independent 'Novaya Gazeta' and the English-language 'The Moscow Times' and 'The St. Petersburg Times', presenting a political talk show on 'Echo Moskvy' radio, the chairman of the public organization "Vibor Rossii". He is the author of the books Fourth Republic and The Granted Democracy and the co-coordinator of the international public committee "Russia in the United Europe".
- "Founder of Russia's 'Democratic Alternative' denies it will oppose regime". BBC Monitoring International Reports. 17 April 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2013.