Vladimir Semichastny

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Vladimir Semichastny
Владимир Семичастный
Vladimir Semichastny.jpg
Vladimir Semichastny with intelligence officers
3rd Chairman of the Committee for State Security (KGB)
In office
November 13, 1961 – May 18, 1967
Premier Nikita Khrushchev
Alexei Kosygin
Preceded by Alexander Shelepin
Succeeded by Yuri Andropov
Personal details
Born (1924-01-15)15 January 1924
village Hryhorivka, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Soviet Ukraine
Died 24 January 2001(2001-01-24) (aged 77)
Moscow, Russian Federation
Citizenship Soviet (until 1991) and Russian
Nationality Russian
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny (Russian: Владимир Ефимович Семичастный, January 15, 1924 – January 12, 2001) was the head of the KGB from November 1961 to April 1967 and prior to that in 1958-59 he headed Komsomol as the first secretary of the Central Committee.

Before he became head of the KGB he had no experience in the field of intelligence and counter-intelligence.[1][2]

His mentor and predecessor was Alexander Shelepin. In October 1963, Semichastny sanctioned the arrest of Professor Frederick Barghoorn of Yale University when he was visiting Moscow. Semichastny hoped that by charging Barghoorn as a spy he could induce the United States to release Igor Ivanov, arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation that month for espionage.[citation needed]

Barghoorn was a personal friend of President John F. Kennedy, who forcefully stated that Barghoorn was not involved in any illegal activities at a press conference. The Soviets subsequently released Barghoorn. Ivanov was allowed to leave the United States in 1971.

Subsequently, Semichastny participated in the ouster of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in October 1964, an act that undoubtedly led to his being retained by the new Soviet leadership. There are some indications that Leonid Brezhnev, who led the coup against Khrushchev, wanted to assassinate him, but Semichastny refused to allow KGB participation.[3]

During his tenure Semichasnty attempted to create a new public image of the KGB, permitting an article to appear in the newspaper Izvestia that included an article with "a senior KGB officer" (himself); in the article he stated

"many young Communist Party and Communist Youth League workers have joined the KGB and none of the people who, during the time of the personality cult of Joseph Stalin, took part in the repressions against innocent Soviet people is now in the Service."

More articles and books on the security organs appeared, and Soviet spies became heroes in print — Rudolf Abel, Gordon Lonsdale, Harold (Kim) Philby, and Richard Sorge.

Brezhnev finally replaced Semichastny on 18 May 1967, as part of a Kremlin power shuffle while Yuri Andropov became the new chief of the KGB.

Semichastny died of a stroke at the at age of 77 on January 12, 2001.[3]

References[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Vasiliy Kostyenko
First Secretary of the LKSMU
1947–1950
Succeeded by
Georgiy Shevel
Preceded by
Aleksandr Shelepin
First Secretary of the Komsomol
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Sergei Pavlov
Government offices
Preceded by
Alexander Shelepin
Chairman of the Committee for State Security
November 13, 1961 – May 18, 1967
Succeeded by
Yuri Andropov

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