Vlas Chubar

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For the town in Iran, see Chubar.
Vlas Chubar
Vlas Czubar.jpg
People's Commissar for Finance
In office
16 August 1937 – 19 January 1938
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded by Hryhoriy Hrynko
Succeeded by Arseny Zverev
2nd Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR
In office
15 July 1923 – 28 April 1934
Premier Alexey Rykov
Preceded by Christian Rakovsky
Succeeded by Panas Lyubchenko
Candidate member of the 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th Politburo
In office
3 November 1927 – 1 February 1935
Personal details
Born (1881-02-10)10 February 1881
Fedorovka, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Imperial Russia
Died 26 February 1939(1939-02-26) (aged -42)
Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Political party All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks)
Education Alexander Mechanics and Technical College
Profession Economist

Vlas Yakovlevich Chubar (Ukrainian: Влас Якович Чубар; Russian: Вла́с Я́ковлевич Чуба́рь) (22 February [O.S. 10 February] 1891 - 26 February 1939) was a Ukrainian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician and one of the organizers of the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine.[1][2][3]

Early career[edit]

Chubar was born in Fedorovka, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire (now in Polohy Raion, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). He became a Marxist revolutionary early in life and joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in 1907. He rose through the ranks during the Russian Civil War and becаme a member of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party in 1921. On July 13, 1923 Chubar replaced Christian Rakovsky as Chairman of the Ukrainian Sovnarkom. He became a candidate (non-voting) member of the Central Committee's Politburo in November 1926.

The Great Purge[edit]

In 1934 Chubar was transferred to Moscow, where he became Deputy Chairman of the national Council of People's Commissars and Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Labor and Defense. In February 1935 Chubar was made a full member of the Politburo. He briefly served as the Soviet People's Commissar of Finance between August 16, 1937 and January 19, 1938. In 1938 Chubar was appointed the chief of the Solikamsk construction for the GULAG of Soviet Commissariat of Interior. There he was arrested during the Great Purge in June 1938 and executed in February 1939. The Soviet government cleared Chubar of all charges during the first wave of destalinization in 1955.

Holodomor[edit]

In 2010, a Ukrainian criminal court concluded that Chubar, along with other leaders of Soviet Ukraine, bore personal responsibility for the Holodomor.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hryhoriy Hrynko
People's Commissar of Finance
1937 – 1938
Succeeded by
Arseny Zverev