Voćin

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Voćin is located in Croatia
Voćin
Location of Voćin in Croatia

Voćin is a village and municipality in western Slavonia, Croatia, located southwest of Slatina and east of Daruvar. The population of the municipality is 2,500, with 1,161 people living in Voćin itself (census 2001).

Voćin is a famous pilgrimage place in the nice and peaceful valley of the small river Voćinska Rijeka at the foot of Papuk Mountain. The village features a nice park, protected as a horticultural monument. The attractive surroundings is notable for the arboretum Lisičine (one of the three arboretums in Croatia, the other two being Trsteno (near Dubrovnik) and Opeka (near Varaždin)), the special forest vegetation reserve Sekulinačke Planine, which includes the large primaeval forest of mountain beech, and the unique geological monument of Rupnica, famous for the secretion of albite (white feldspar) riolite.

Columnar basalt at Rupica

The major annual event is related to the Birth of Mary (September 8), when a number of pilgrims visit the ruins of the late Gothic Catholic church of St. Mary.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Voćin was part of the Virovitica County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

The church was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt in 1973. It was destroyed again on December 13, 1991 by Serbian paramilitaries. In the events surrounding this incident Voćin was a site of a war crime, which was later well documented. 53 Croatians were killed by Serbian irregulars.

In 1992, some Croatians from Letnica, a Croatian Catholic village in Kosovo, were brought to Croatia by president Franjo Tuđman and settled in homes abandoned by Serbs fleeing the villages of Voćin and Varešnica in western Slavonia.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Census, the village had 2,421 inhabitants of whom:

Voćin in 2001
ethnic groups percent
Croats
  
85.46%
Serbs
  
13.01%

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°37′N 17°33′E / 45.617°N 17.550°E / 45.617; 17.550