Vocal warm up
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Purpose Changing pitch undoubtedly stretches the muscles, and vocal warm-ups help the singer feel more prepared.
Physical whole-body warm-ups also help prepare a singer. Muscles all over the body are used when singing (the diaphragm being one of the most obvious). Stretches of the abdomen, back, neck, and shoulders are important to avoid stress, which influences the sound of the voice.
- Elliot N, Sundberg J, Gramming P, Iwarsson J. Effects of vocal warmup, part II. 23rd Annual Symposium Care of the Professional Voice, Philadelphia, June 1994.
 See also
- National Center for Voice and Speech
- Vocology - science and practice of voice habilitation
- Human Voice