Vochysiaceae

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Vochysiaceae
Vochysia herbacea Pohl118.png
Vochysia herbacea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Vochysiaceae
A.St.-Hil.
Genera

Vochysiaceae is a plant family belonging to the order of Myrtales.

Description[edit]

Trees or shrubs with opposite leaves; flowers are zygomorph 1-(3)-5 merous; ovary inferior or superior; one fertile stamen; fruits samara or capsules.

Biogeography[edit]

Six of the eight genera are native to the Neotropics. The genera Erismadelphus and Korupodendron are native to West and Central Africa.

Evolutionary history[edit]

The family likely originated in South America. Erismadelphus is thought to have diverged from Erisma approximately 30 million years ago, and traveled to Africa as the result of long-distance dispersal.

Systematics[edit]

Vochysiaceae are closest to Chrysobalanaceae. Vochysiaceae consist of 7 genera with 217 species. The family is classified in two tribes:

Tribe Erismeae : one inferior ovary and winged fruits

Tribe Vochysieae: three fused superior ovaries and capsule fruits

The genus Euphronia, previously included in Vochysiaceae, is unrelated and now stands alone in the family Euphroniaceae, more closely related to the family Chrysobalanaceae.

References[edit]

Vochysiaceae A. St-Hil. in Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. The families of flowering plants.

  • Family of Vochysiaceae link APWebsite. (engl.)
  • Amy Litt & Dennis W. Stevenson: Floral development and morphology of Vochysiaceae. I. The structure of the gynoecium in American Journal of Botany, 90, 2003, S. 1533-1547: Online.
  • M. L. Kawasaki: Vochysiaceae, S. 480-487 in Klaus Kubitzki: The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Volume 9, Flowering Plants - Eudicots, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, ISBN 978-3-540-32214-6.
  • F. Carnevale Neto et al.: Vochysiaceae: secondary metabolites, ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential, "Phytochemistry Reviews" (Print), v. 10, p. 413-429, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11101-011-9213-5.