Vocology is the science and practice of vocal habilitation. Its concerns include the nature of speech and language pathology, the defects of the vocal tract (laryngology), the remediation of speech therapy and the voice training[disambiguation needed] and voice pedagogy of song and speech for actors and public speakers.
In its broadest sense, vocology is the study of voice, but as a professional discipline it has a narrower focus: the science and practice of voice habilitation, which includes evaluation, diagnosis, and intervention. It is not yet its own professional degree, thus it only assists the voice medicine team. Usually a person practicing vocology is a voice coach with additional training in the voice medical arts, a prepared voice/singing teacher, or a speech pathologist with additional voice performance training—so they can better treat the professional voice user.
The study of vocology is recognized academically by courses and institutes such as the National Center for Voice and Speech, Westminster Choir College at Rider University, The Grabscheid Voice Center at Mount Sinai Medical Center, the Vox Humana Laboratory at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center and the Regional Center for Voice and Swallowing, at Milan's Azienda Ospedaliera Fatebenefratelli e Oftalmico, and recently at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The National Center for Voice and Speech and the University of Iowa offer an 8 week intensive course (9 graduate level university credits) and a Certificate in Vocology.
Reflecting the increased recognition of vocology, the Scandinavian Journal of Logopedics & Phoniatrics and Voice merged in 1996 with the new name Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology.
Meaning and Origin of term
Vocology was invented (simultaneously, but independently) by Ingo Titze, and an otolaryngologist at Washington University, Prof. George Gates. Titze defines Vocology as "the science and practice of voice habilitation, with a strong emphasis on habilitation". To habilitate means to “enable”, to “equip for”, to “capacitate”; in other words, to assist in performing whatever function that needs to be performed". He goes on that this "is more than repairing a voice or bringing it back to a former state ... rather, it is the process of strengthening and equipping the voice to meet very specific and special demands".
- Human Voice
- Vocal loading
- Vocal rest
- Vocal range
- Vocal warm up
- Voice analysis
- Voice disorders
- Voice frequency
- Voice organ
- Voice pedagogy
- Voice projection
- Voice synthesis
- Titze IR. (1996). What is vocology? Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 21:5-6. doi:10.3109/14015439609099196
- Titze IR (Jan 2008). "The human instrument". Sci Am. 298 (1): 94–101. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0108-94. PMID 18225701.
- Carroll LM (Oct 2000). "Application of singing techniques for the treatment of dysphonia". Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America 33 (5): 1003–16. doi:10.1016/S0030-6665(05)70260-7. PMID 10984766.
- van Mersbergen M, Ostrem J, Titze IR (Jun 2001). "Preparation of the speech-language pathologist specializing in voice: an educational survey". J Voice 15 (2): 237–50. doi:10.1016/S0892-1997(01)00024-8. PMID 11411477.
- Titze, Ingo R. (1994). Principles of voice production. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-717893-X.
- Kjær BE. (1996). Welcome to a New Journal. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 21: 3 doi:10.3109/14015439609099194
- Titze, Ingo R. (2000). Principles of voice production. Iowa City, Ia: National Center for Voice and Speech. ISBN 0-87414-122-2.
- Verdolini K, DeVore K, McCoy S, Ostrem J (1998). Guide to vocology. Iowa City, Ia: National Center for Voice and Speech.
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- Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology (the journal of the Nordic Cooperation Council of Logopedics and Phoniatrics and The British Voice Association)
- National Center for Voice and Speech
- The NCVS's Summer Vocology Institute website-- Certificate in Vocology
- Westminster Choir College
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)