Vodno (Macedonian: Водно (help·info)) is a mountain in Macedonia. It is located in the northern part of the country, to the southwest of the capital city Skopje. The highest point of the mountain is at Krstovar peak, on 1066 meters and the submontane is on 337 meters (Middle Vodno is on 557 m). In 2002, on Krstovar peak the Millennium Cross was built, the biggest christian cross in the world.
The climate on Vodno Mountain is goody, typically mountainous. In different period in the year the climate is changing a lot and for that the average temperature is 23 Со. The lowest temperature measured on the mountain in January 2005 is -15 Со and the highest measured temperature in July 2005 is 43 Со .
Vodno has two types of vaults
- Well water
The objects that are on a higher above sea level are using the arterial underground water, and the objects that are placed on lower above sea level use the well water ones.
The water is bacteriologically and chemically clean.
Vodno has a mini waterfall which is high 15 meters and is more active in spring when the snow coverlet is melting.
Vodno has a lot of spings too that are used for the need of the local people.
The evergreen plants are in bigger number related to the deciduous one. From the evergreen plants you can find the pine from the both sides of the mountain. In smaller number there are the juniperus and the boxwood.
- Small animals: partridge, rabbit, fox, squirrel, marten, snake, birds of smaller type and insects.
- Larger animals: boar, wolf, deer and roe etc.
Although Vodno is a significant tourist center, the revenues from tourism are relatively low.
The tourism on Vodno mountain we can divide on:
- Recreation tourism
- Cultural tourism
- Modern Tourism
On Vodno mountain one of the biggest impression is the waterfall "Prskalo" But not just the waterfall is there. There too you can find some other places that can easily "grab" your eyes.
One of them is the village Down Sonje that is one of the most beautiful landscapes on this mountain. The whole village is made by the power of the nature without people help almost untouched with exception of the hunters.
Churches and Monasteries
- Saint Spas - Down Sonje
- Saint Spas - Sopishte
- Saint Mina - Sopishte
- Saint Nicolas - Gorno Sonje
- Saint Panteleimon - Dolno Nerezi
- Saint Panteleimon - Nerezi
- Saint Triphun - 5 km from Vodno
The Churches are cultural-historical-religious heritage which remained with years. The older churches are the most attractive religious object for the tourists. The churches and monasteries are very attractive because they kept their authenticity without being reconstructed. From one side they are monuments and from the other places to stay.
- Christmas Eve
- Seasonal Car Races
- Eko projects
The manifestations are in general most visited by the local people, because they have entertaining and cultural character and for that they are interesting along the population.
- Millennium Cross
- Big Stone
- War Caves from the 1940
- Destroyed houses from 1944
- Remnant war objects from 1950
The monuments are the most visited attractions and from them we can divide the Millennium Cross which is one of the biggest attractions not just in Macedonia, but in whole Europe too. It was built in 2000 for marking out 2000 years since Jesus Christ was born.
As of 2011, a chairlift has been in operation to allow an easy ascent to visit the Millennium Cross. The lift starts halfway up Vodno and ends at the Cross, taking approximately 7 minutes to ascend.