Voiced alveolar lateral click
|Voiced alveolar lateral click|
The voiced alveolar lateral click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is 〈ǁ̬〉 or 〈ᶢǁ〉; a symbol abandoned by the IPA but still preferred by some linguists is 〈ʖ̬〉 or 〈ᶢʖ〉.
In languages which use the Bantu letters for clicks, this is most commonly written 〈gx〉, but it is written 〈dx〉 in those languages that use 〈g〉 for the uvular fricative.
Features of the voiced alveolar lateral click:
- The airstream mechanism is lingual ingressive (also known as velaric ingressive), which means a pocket of air trapped between two closures is rarefied by a "sucking" action of the tongue, rather than being moved by the glottis or the lungs/diaphragm. The release of the forward closure produces the "click" sound. Voiced and nasal clicks have a simultaneous pulmonic egressive airstream.
- Its place of articulation is alveolar, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, termed respectively apical and laminal.
- Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation. However, in some languages (like Swiss German) it can just mean that this consonant is pronounced shorter and weaker than its voiceless counterpart, while its voicedness or lack thereof is not relevant. In such cases it's more accurate to call such sounds lenis or lax.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
|Naro||dxàí cgàa||[ᶢǁàí ǀχàː] = [ʖ̬àí ʇχàː]||cheek muscle|
|Sandawe||gxõgxe||[ᶢǁṍːᶢǁê] = [ʖ̬ṍːʖ̬ê]||male greater kudu|
|Yeyi||mugǁawa||[muᶢǁawa] = [muʖ̬awa]||arrow|