Voiced alveolar stop

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Voiced alveolar stop
d
IPA number 104
Encoding
Entity (decimal) d
Unicode (hex) U+0064
X-SAMPA d
Kirshenbaum d
Sound

The voiced alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar stops is d (although the symbol can be used to distinguish the dental stop, and the postalveolar), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is d.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiced alveolar stop:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe дахэ [daːxa] 'pretty'
Czech do [do] 'into' See Czech phonology
Dutch[1] dak [dɑk] 'roof' See Dutch phonology
English daddy [dædɪ] 'daddy' See English phonology
Finnish sidos [ˈsido̞s] 'bond' See Finnish phonology
German Dach [dax] 'roof' See German phonology
Greek ντροπή dropí [dro̞ˈpi] 'shame' See Modern Greek phonology
Hebrew דואר [ˈdoʔaʁ] 'mail' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hungarian adó [ˈɒdoː] 'tax' See Hungarian phonology
Indonesian[2] dacing [ˈdätʃɪŋ] 'balance scale'
Japanese[3] 男性的 danseiteki [danseiteki] 'masculine' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian дахэ [daːxa] 'pretty'
Korean 아들 adeul [adɯl] 'son' See Korean phonology
Macedonian дрво [ˈdr̩vɔ] 'tree' See Macedonian phonology
Malay dahan [dähän] 'branch'
Maltese dehen [den] 'wit'
Norwegian dans [dɑns] 'dance' See Norwegian phonology
Slovak do About this sound [do]  'into'
Thai ดาว [daːu] 'star'
West Frisian doarp [ˈdwɑrp] 'village'
Yi dda [da˧] 'competent'

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45–47, doi:10.1017/S002510030000459X 
  • Maddieson, Ian (1984), Patterns of Sound, Camebridge University Press 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94–97, doi:10.1017/S002510030000445X 
  • Soderberg, Craig D.; Olson, Kenneth S. (2008), "Indonesian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (2): 209–213