Voiced uvular stop
|Voiced uvular stop|
The voiced uvular stop or voiced uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɢ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is G\.
[ɢ] is a rare sound, even compared to other uvulars. See voiced velar stop for a possible reason.
For a voiced pre-uvular stop (also called post-velar), see voiced velar stop.
Features of the voiced uvular stop:
- Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Since the consonant is also oral, with no nasal outlet, the airflow is blocked entirely, and the consonant is a stop.
- Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
- Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Arabic||Yemeni||قات||[ɢɑːt] (help·info)||'Khat'||Some dialects. Corresponds to /q/ in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology|
|Some speakers||Grotte||[ɢʁɔt]||'cave'||Allophone of /ɡ/ before /ʁ/ for some speakers|
|Inuktitut||ᐃᐦᐃᑉᕆᐅᖅᑐᖅ||[ihipɢiuqtuq]||'explore'||See Inuit phonology|
|Persian||غذا||[ɢæˈzɒː] (help·info)||'food'||See Persian phonology|
|Somali||Muqdisho||[muɢdiʃɔ]||'Mogadishu'||Allophone of /q/. See Somali phonology|
|!Xóõ||?||[nǀɢɑɑ̃]||'to be spread out'|
- Watson (2002), p. 13.
- Watson, Janet (2002), The Phonology and Morphology of Arabic, New York: Oxford University Press