Voiced uvular stop

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Voiced uvular stop[edit]

Voiced uvular stop
ɢ
IPA number 112
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɢ
Unicode (hex) U+0262
X-SAMPA G\
Kirshenbaum G
Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
Sound

The voiced uvular stop or voiced uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɢ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is G\.

[ɢ] is a rare sound, even compared to other uvulars. See voiced velar stop for a possible reason.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiced uvular stop:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Arabic Yemeni[1] قات About this sound [ɢɑːt]  'Khat' Some dialects.[1] Corresponds to /q/ in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology
French
[citation needed]
Some speakers Grotte [ɢʁɔt] 'cave' Allophone of /ɡ/ before /ʁ/ for some speakers
Inuktitut ᐃᐦᐃᑉᕆᐅᖅᑐᖅ [ihipɢiuqtuq] 'explore' See Inuit phonology
Kwak'wala ǥilakas'la [ɢilakasʔla] 'welcome/thank you'
Mongolian Монгол [mɔŋɢɔ̆ɮ] 'Mongolian'
Persian غذا About this sound [ɢæˈzɒː]  'food' See Persian phonology
Somali Muqdisho [muɢdiʃɔ] 'Mogadishu' Allophone of /q/. See Somali phonology
Tabasaran дугу [d̪uɢu] 'he (ergative)'
Tlingit ǥooch [ɢuːtʃ] 'wolf'
Tsakhur ? [ɢajɛ] 'stone'
!Xóõ ? [nǀɢɑɑ̃] 'to be spread out'

Voiced post-velar stop[edit]

Voiced post-velar stop
ɡ̄
ɢ̟

The voiced post-velar stop or voiced post-velar plosive is a consonant occurring in Australian English. It's equally valid to use the term pre-uvular instead of post-velar, since they're essentially equivalent.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiceless post-velar stop:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Australian[2] gaudy [ˈɡ̄oːdɪi̯] 'gaudy' Allophone of /g/ before /ʊ oː ɔ oɪ ʊə/.[2] See Australian English phonology
Yanyuwa[3] [ɡ̄uɟ̠uɭu] 'sacred' Contrasts plain and prenasalized versions


See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]