Tenuis alveolar lateral click
|(Tenuis) alveolar lateral click|
|IPA number||180, 203|
|Unicode (hex)||U+01C1 U+0296|
The voiceless or more precisely tenuis alveolar lateral click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ǁ⟩. The Doke/Beach convention, adopted for a time by the IPA and still preferred by some linguists, is ⟨ʖ⟩.
Features of the tenuis alveolar lateral click:
- The airstream mechanism is lingual ingressive (also known as velaric ingressive), which means a pocket of air trapped between two closures is rarefied by a "sucking" action of the tongue, rather than being moved by the glottis or the lungs/diaphragm. The release of the forward closure produces the "click" sound. Voiced and nasal clicks have a simultaneous pulmonic egressive airstream.
- Its place of articulation is alveolar, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the alveolar ridge, termed respectively apical and laminal.
- Its phonation is voiceless, unaspirated, and unglottalized, which means it is produced without vibration or constriction of the vocal cords, and any following vowel starts without significant delay.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
|Zulu||xoxa||[ǁɔ́ːǁa] = [ʖɔ́ːʖa]||to converse|
|Hadza||exekeke||[ʔeǁekeke] = [ʔeʖekeke]||to listen|
|Khoekhoe||ǂamǁgû||[ᵑǂ͡ʔàm̀ǁṹṹ] = [ǂ̃ˀàm̀ʖṹṹ]||to inadvertently bite a hard object|
- Kirshenbaum, Evan. "FAQ: Representing IPA Phonetics in ASCII (Appendix D)".
- Styled as either a digit ⟨5⟩ with the top removed, or an inverted glottal stop ⟨ʔ⟩. It perhaps derives from a cedilla written the size of a full letter.