Voiceless labio-velar approximant
|Voiceless labio-velar approximant|
The voiceless labiovelar (labialized velar) approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in some languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is 〈ʍ〉 (a rotated lowercase letter 〈w〉) or 〈w̥〉.
[ʍ] is generally called a "fricative" for historical reasons, but in English, the language that the letter 〈ʍ〉 is primarily used for, it is a voiceless approximant, equivalent to [w̥] or [hw̥]. On rare occasions the symbol is appropriated for a labialized voiceless velar fricative, [xʷ], in other languages.
Features of the voiceless labial-velar approximant:
- Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream.
- Its place of articulation is labialized velar, which means it is articulated with the back part of the tongue raised toward the soft palate (the velum) while rounding the lips.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Cornish||whath, hwath||[ʍæːθ]||'still', 'yet'||Is spelled 〈wh〉 and 〈hw〉 in the Standard Written Form, as 〈wh〉 in Kernowek Standard, Unified Cornish, Unified Cornish Revised and Modern Cornish, and 〈hw〉 in Kernewek Kemmyn.|
|English||Hiberno-English||whine||[ʍʌɪn]||'whine'||Phonemically /hw/. Contrasts with /w/. See English phonology and phonological history of wh|
|American Southern dialects||[ʍäːn]|
|Older speakers. Most people have merged it into /w/.|
|Hupa||tł'iwh||[t͡ɬʼiʍ]||'snake', 'rattlesnake'||Contrasts with /w/.|
|Nahuatl||Cuauhtēmallān||[kʷaʍteːmalːaːn]||'Guatemala'||Allophone of /w/ before voiceless consonants.|