Voiceless palatal lateral fricative

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Voiceless palatal lateral fricative
Entity (decimal) ʎ​̥​˔
Unicode (hex) U+028E U+0325 U+02D4

The voiceless palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages.

This is a rare sound. Dahalo has both a palatal lateral fricative and an affricate; Hadza has a series of affricates. In Bura is the realization of palatalized /ɬʲ/ and contrasts with [ʎ].

The IPA has no dedicated symbol for this sound. The devoicing and raising diacritics may be used to transcribe it: ʎ̝̊ (decimal ʎ̥˔). However, the "belt" on the existing symbol for a voiceless lateral fricative, ɬ, forms the basis for occasional ad hoc symbols for the other lateral fricatives, the third one, , representing the palatal lateral fricative:

Lateral fricatives.png

Indeed, SIL International has added these symbols to the Private Use Areas of their Gentium, Charis, and Doulos fonts, as U+F267 ().


Features of the voiceless palatal lateral fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Dahalo ʎ̝̊aːbu 'leaf' Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ɬʷ]
Hadza tla'a cʎ̝̊aʔa 'to follow', 'to meet' The Hadza lateral fricative is [ɬ]. Ejective [cʎ̝̊ʼ] contrasts with velar [kʟ̝̊ʼ], an allophone of [kxʼ]

See also[edit]