Voiceless uvular affricate

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Voiceless uvular affricate
q͡χ
Sound

The voiceless uvular affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is q͡χ.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiceless uvular affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Avar хъарахъ [q͡χʰːaˈraq͡χʰː] 'bush; bushes' Contrasts with the ejective [q͡χʼː].
French crâne [q͡χän̥] 'skull' Uvularized allophone of /k͡ʁ/. Also happens with kr.
Kabardian кхъэ About this sound [q͡χa]  'grave'
Klingon Qo'noS [q͡χoʔ'noʂ] Kronos

See also[edit]

References[edit]