Voivodeships of Poland (1975–98)

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The Polish administrative regions from 1975 to 1998

The voivodeships of Poland from 1975–1998 were created as part of a two-tier method for administering the country and its regions. Between June 1, 1975 and December 31, 1998, pursuant to a law proclaimed on May 28, 1975, Poland was administratively divided into 49 voivodeships, consolidating and eliminating the intermediate administrative level of counties.

The scheme meant that most voivodeships had fewer than 1,000,000. Each voivodeship took its name from a small- or medium-sized town situated near its centre, which would become its capital.

History[edit]

An unstated reason for the reform was the desire of the Polish Central Committee to strengthen control over lower layers of the state apparatus. After Edward Gierek replaced Władysław Gomułka as first secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party, his clique maintained power by dividing the Politburo.

Through administrative reorganization and the new territorial division, Gierek was able to nominate his supporters to provincial committees and break the hold of older elements of the party.[1]

On the date the system took effect (1 June 1975), the 49 voivodeships were further subdivided into 2,343 municipalities plus 814 cities, including four cities with special status — Warsaw, Łódź, Kraków and Wrocław — for a total of 3,157 municipal governments serving as secondary administrative units.

Warsaw Voivodeship had the status of a metropolitan voivodeship, and the Łódź and Kraków Voivodeships were called urban voivodeships. The appointed mayor of each voivodeship's capital city also served as the provincial governor. Initially, the city of Wrocław was a separate administrative division within the Wrocław Voivodeship.

During 1991 and 1992 the large municipalities were restructured, significantly changing the division of powers between the provincial cities and the surrounding rural communities (Laws of 1991, ch. 2, sec. 9, ch. 3, sec. 12 and ch. 87, sec. 397).

In the Polish administrative reform of 1999 Poland introduced a further reform of local government administration, establishing the present 16 voivodeships with new districts.

Cities[edit]

In 1975 many towns that had previously been large communal villages were incorporated as cities.

During the second half of the 1970s eight towns lost their civic rights and were merged into neighbouring cities, while several cities that had previously lost their identity and absorbed into metropolitan conurbations regained their independence: Poręba, Sławków, Międzyzdroje, Bieruń, Lędziny, Wojkowice, Rydułtowy, Pszów, Miasteczko Śląskie, Imielin, Radlin, Radzionków and Zagórz.

List of voivodeships[edit]

From 1975 until 1998 Poland was divided into the following voivodeships:

Map
location
Voivodeship Provincial
capital
Area, km2
(1998)
Population
(1998)
Cities Gmina
POL województwo bialopodlaskie 1975.svg Biała Podlaska
Voivodeship
Biała Podlaska 5,348 309,900 6 35
POL województwo bialostockie 1975.svg Białystok
Voivodeship
Białystok 10,055 701,400 17 49
POL województwo bielskie 1975.svg Bielsko-Biała
Voivodeship
Bielsko-Biała 3,704 927,500 18 59
POL województwo bydgoskie 1975.svg Bydgoszcz
Voivodeship
Bydgoszcz 10,349 1,136,900 27 55
POL województwo chelmskie 1975.svg Chełm
Voivodeship
Chełm 3,866 248,800 4 25
POL województwo ciechanowskie 1975.svg Ciechanów
Voivodeship
Ciechanów 6,362 437,400 9 45
POL województwo czestochowskie 1975.svg Częstochowa
Voivodeship
Częstochowa 6,182 779,600 17 49
POL województwo elblaskie 1975.svg Elbląg
Voivodeship
Elbląg 6,103 495,100 15 37
POL województwo gdanskie 1975.svg Gdańsk
Voivodeship
Gdańsk 7,394 1,469,400 19 43
POL województwo gorzowskie 1975.svg Gorzów Wielkopolski
Voivodeship
Gorzów,
Wielkopolski
8,484 514,300 21 38
POL województwo jeleniogorskie 1975.svg Jelenia Góra
Voivodeship
Jelenia Góra 4,379 523,700 24 28
POL województwo kaliskie 1975.svg Kalisz
Voivodeship
Kalisz 6,512 724,800 20 53
POL województwo katowickie 1975.svg Katowice
Voivodeship
Katowice 6,650 3,894,900 43 46
POL województwo kieleckie 1975.svg Kielce
Voivodeship
Kielce 9,211 1,131,700 17 69
POL województwo konińskie 1975.svg Konin
Voivodeship
Konin 5,139 480,800 18 45
POL województwo koszalińskie 1975.svg Koszalin
Voivodeship
Koszalin 8,470 527,600 17 35
POL województwo krakowskie 1975.svg Kraków
Voivodeship
Kraków 3,254 1,245,000 10 38
POL województwo krośnieńskie 1975.svg Krosno
Voivodeship
Krosno 5,702 510,100 12 37
POL województwo legnickie 1975.svg Legnica
Voivodeship
Legnica 4,037 525,600 11 31
POL województwo leszczynskie 1975.svg Leszno
Voivodeship
Leszno 4,154 399,500 19 28
POL województwo lubelskie 1975.svg Lublin
Voivodeship
Lublin 6,792 1,027,300 16 62
POL województwo lomzynskie 1975.svg Łomża
Voivodeship
Łomża 6,684 352,900 12 39
POL województwo lodzkie 1975.svg Łódź
Voivodeship
Łódź 1,524 1,099,700 8 11
POL województwo nowosądeckie 1975.svg Nowy Sącz
Voivodeship
Nowy Sącz 5,576 747,500 14 41
POL województwo olsztyńskie 1975.svg Olsztyn
Voivodeship
Olsztyn 12,327 778,200 21 48
POL województwo opolskie 1975.svg Opole
Voivodeship
Opole 8,535 1,022,100 29 61
POL województwo ostroleckie 1975.svg Ostrołęka
Voivodeship
Ostrołęka 6,498 411,600 9 38
POL województwo pilskie 1975.svg Piła
Voivodeship
Piła 8,205 496,900 24 35
POL województwo piotrkowskie 1975.svg Piotrków
Voivodeship
Piotrków Trybunalski 6,266 642,200 10 51
POL województwo plockie 1975.svg Płock
Voivodeship
Płock 5,117 520,900 9 44
POL województwo poznanskie 1975.svg Poznań
Voivodeship
Poznań 8,151 1,363,600 33 57
POL województwo przemyskie 1975.svg Przemyśl
Voivodeship
Przemyśl 4,437 415,600 9 35
POL województwo radomskie 1975.svg Radom
Voivodeship
Radom 7,294 763,300 15 61
POL województwo rzeszowskie 1975.svg Rzeszów
Voivodeship
Rzeszów 4,397 648,900 13 41
POL województwo siedleckie 1975.svg Siedlce
Voivodeship
Siedlce 8,499 661,400 12 66
POL województwo sieradzkie 1975.svg Sieradz
Voivodeship
Sieradz 4,868 411,500 9 40
POL województwo skierniewickie 1975.svg Skierniewice
Voivodeship
Skierniewice 3,960 423,700 8 36
POL województwo slupskie 1975.svg Słupsk
Voivodeship
Słupsk 7,453 429,700 11 31
POL województwo suwalskie 1975.svg Suwałki
Voivodeship
Suwałki 10,490 489,200 14 42
POL województwo szczecinskie 1975.svg Szczecin
Voivodeship
Szczecin 9,982 995,200 29 50
POL województwo tarnobrzeskie 1975.svg Tarnobrzeg
Voivodeship
Tarnobrzeg 6,283 609,100 14 46
POL województwo tarnowskie 1975.svg Tarnów
Voivodeship
Tarnów 4,151 700,800 9 41
POL województwo torunskie 1975.svg Toruń
Voivodeship
Toruń 5,348 674,800 13 41
POL województwo walbrzyskie 1975.svg Wałbrzych
Voivodeship
Wałbrzych 4,168 733,000 31 30
POL województwo warszawskie 1975.svg Warszawa
Voivodeship
Warsaw 3,788 2,419,800 27 32
POL województwo wloclawskie 1975.svg Włocławek
Voivodeship
Włocławek 4,402 434,700 14 30
POL województwo wroclawskie 1975.svg Wrocław
Voivodeship
Wrocław 6,287 1,136,700 16 33
POL województwo zamojskie 1975.svg Zamość
Voivodeship
Zamość 6,980 489,300 5 47
POL województwo zielonogorskie 1975.svg Zielona Góra
Voivodeship
Zielona Góra 8,868 679,300 26 50

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wojciech Roszkowski, Historia Polski 1914-1998 ("Polish History 1914-1998, 7th Edition"), Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 1999, p. 330. ISBN 83-01-12921-2
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 12 March 2011 of the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.