Volhard–Erdmann cyclization

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The Volhard–Erdmann cyclization is an organic synthesis of alkyl and aryl thiophenes by cyclization of disodium succinate or other 1,4-difunctional compounds (γ-oxo acids, 1,4-diketones, chloroacetyl-substituted esters) with phosphorus heptasulfide.The reaction is named after Jacob Volhard and Hugo Erdmann.[1]

An example is the synthesis of 3-methylthiophene starting from itaconic acid:[2]

Volhard-Erdmann cyclization

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feldkamp, R. F.; Tullar, B. F. (1954), 3-Methylthiophene, Org. Synth. 34: 73 ; Coll. Vol. 4: 671 
  2. ^ Volhard, J.; Erdmann, H. (1885). "Synthetische Darstellung von Thiophen". Chemische Berichte 18 (1): 454–455. doi:10.1002/cber.18850180199.