Volkswagen Golf Mk7

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Volkswagen Golf Mk7
VW Golf 2.0 TDI BlueMotion Technology Highline (VII) – Frontansicht, 28. Juli 2013, Münster.jpg
Volkswagen Golf 2.0 TDI
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Production 2012–
Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany
Zwickau, Germany
Changchun, China (FAW-VW)
Foshan, China (FAW-VW)
Puebla, Mexico
São José dos Pinhais, Brazil (from 2015)
Body and chassis
Class Compact car
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive / four-wheel-drive (Golf R)
Platform Volkswagen Group MQB
Related Audi A3 Mk3
SEAT León Mk3
Škoda Octavia Mk3
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 t/c petrol
1.4 L I4 t/c petrol
1.6 L I4 t/c petrol
1.8 L I4 t/c petrol
2.0 L I4 t/c petrol
1.6 L I4 t/c diesel
2.0 L I4 t/c diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,637 mm (103.8 in)
Length 4,255 mm (167.5 in)
Width 1,799 mm (70.8 in)
Height 1,452 mm (57.2 in)
Kerb weight 1,205 kg (2,657 lb)[1] - 1,395 kg (3,075 lb)[2]
Chronology
Predecessor Volkswagen Golf Mk6

The Volkswagen Golf Mk7 (also known as the Golf VII[3]) is a compact car, the seventh generation of the Volkswagen Golf and the successor to the Volkswagen Golf Mk6. It was announced in Berlin on 4 September 2012, before a public launch at the 2012 Paris Auto Show.[4] Cars reached Volkswagen dealers in the Golf's European domestic market on 10 November 2012.[5]

The Golf Mk7 uses the same MQB platform as the third-generation Audi A3, SEAT León and Škoda Octavia. At its introduction in 2013, it won the Car of the Year Japan Award, the first time it was awarded to a European product.

Features[edit]

Interior of the Volkswagen Golf Mk7

Compared to the previous generation, the Golf Mk7 has a roomier cabin, with greater shoulder room for the front and rear passengers, rear legroom and boot space.

New safety systems[edit]

Engine options at launch include 1.2 and 1.4 litre turbocharged petrol engines, with 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) and 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) respectively, and 1.6 and 2.0 litre diesel engines, with 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) and 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) respectively.[6] The 1.6 TDI BlueMotion Concept has a theoretical combined fuel consumption of 3.2 l/100 km (88 mpg-imp; 74 mpg-US) and anticipated 85 g/km CO2 emissions.[7]

Available body styles are three and five door hatchbacks (including high-performance Golf GTI and Golf R models), a five-door estate, and a five-door Golf SV (which replaces the Golf Plus)[8]

Variants to be introduced later include a five-door Golf CC liftback, and two-door cabriolet.The Golf went on sale in the UK in early January and was released in Australia in April 2013.[9][10]

In Brazil, the Golf Mk7 went on sale in September 2013, only in the Highline and GTI trims,[11] along with the Comfortline trim,[12] which was made available from March 2014. All models were imported from Germany. VW confirmed that models from August 2014 on will be imported from the Puebla assembly line, until local assembly starts.[13] Brazilian assembly is already confirmed and expected to start in 2015.[14][15]

Engines[edit]

Volkswagen Golf GTI Mk7

The Golf line is available in all the relevant drive systems: the Golf TSI, including GTI, is gasoline-powered; Golf TDI, including GTD, is diesel-powered; the Golf TGI is powered by compressed natural gas (CNG); the e-Golf is powered by electricity; and Golf GTE is a plug-in hybrid. The use of a modular transverse matrix assembly kit enables the manufacturing of Golf models with gasoline, diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid drives from bumper to bumper at Volkswagen factories.[16] Retail deliveries of the e-Golf in Germany are scheduled to begin in the second quarter of 2014.[17] U.S. sales are slated to start on selected markets during the fourth quarter of 2014.[18] The Golf GTE will be launched also in the fourth quarter of 2014.[16]

All internal combustion engines are four-cylinder units:[19]

Petrol engines
Model Displacement Power Torque Acceleration
0–100 km/h
Top speed Transmission Notes
1.2 TSI BlueMotion 1,197 cc (73 cu in) 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) at 4,300–5,300 rpm 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 1,400–3,500 rpm 11.9 s 179 km/h (111 mph) 5-speed manual
1.2 TSI BlueMotion 1,197 cc (73 cu in) 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 5,000 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) at 1,550–4,100 rpm 10.2 s 192 km/h (119 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
1.6 FSI 1,598 cc (98 cu in) 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) at 5,800 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) at 3,800 rpm 10 s 200 km/h (124 mph) 5-speed manual
6-speed Triptronic (optional)
Chile Colombia
1.4 TSI BlueMotion 1,390 cc (85 cu in) 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) at 5,000 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1,800–4,000 rpm 9.3 s 203 km/h (126 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
1.4 TSI BlueMotion 1,390 cc (85 cu in) 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 5,000–6,000 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1,400–4,000 rpm 9.1 s 204 km/h (127 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
from April 2014
1.4 TSI BlueMotion 1,395 cc (85 cu in) 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 4,500–6,000 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) at 1,500–3,500 rpm 8.4 s 212 km/h (132 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
1.4 TSI BlueMotion 1,395 cc (85 cu in) 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 5,000–6,000 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) at 1,500–3,500 rpm 8.2 s 216 km/h (134 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
from April 2014
1.8 TSI 1,798 cc (110 cu in) 172 PS (127 kW; 170 hp) at 4,800–6,200 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) at 1,500–4,800 rpm 7.6 s 209 km/h (130 mph) 5-speed manual
6-speed tiptronic automatic (optional)
North America
GTI 1,984 cc (121 cu in) 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) at 4,500-6,200 rpm 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 1,500-4,400 rpm 6.5 s 246 km/h (153 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed DSG (optional)
GTI (with Performance Package) 1,984 cc (121 cu in) 230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp) at 4,700-6,200 rpm 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 1,500-4,600 rpm 6.4 s 250 km/h (155 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed DSG (optional)
R 1,984 cc (121 cu in) 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) at 5,500 rpm 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) at 1,800-5,500 rpm 4.9 s 250 km/h (155 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed DSG (optional)
Diesel engine
Model Displacement Power Torque Acceleration
0–100 km/h
Top speed Transmission Notes
1.6 TDI BlueMotion 1,598 cc (98 cu in) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 2750 - 4800 rpm 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 1400 - 2700 rpm 12,9 s 185 km/h (115 mph) 5-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
1.6 TDI BlueMotion 1,598 cc (98 cu in) 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 3,000–4,000 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) at 1,500–2,750 rpm 10.7 s 192 km/h (119 mph) 5-speed manual
7-speed DSG (optional)
2.0 TDI[20] 1,968 cc (120 cu in) 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) at 4,400 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) at 1,500–2,500 rpm 10.5 s 190 km/h (118 mph) 5-speed manual
2.0 TDI BlueMotion 1,968 cc (120 cu in) 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 3,500–4,000 rpm 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) at 1,750–3,000 rpm 8.6 s 216 km/h (134 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed DSG (optional)
GTD 1,968 cc (120 cu in) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) at 3,500–4,000 rpm 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) at 1,750-3,250 rpm 7.5 s 230 km/h (143 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed DSG (optional)

Awards[edit]

Volkswagen Golf 1.4 TSI Highline
  • 2014 What Car? - Best Estate Car (Great Britain)
  • 2013 Cars Guide Car of the Year (Australia) [26]

Golf SV[edit]

Based on the VW Sportvan concept shown at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show and sold as the Sportsvan in many markets,[27] it uses the VW Group MQB platform shared by many of Volkswagen's range and is assembled at the manufacturer's Wolfsburg plant alongside the standard Golf sedan/salooon (but not with the "Variant" estate version of the Golf, which is produced in a separeate plant). The Golf SV is the third variant of the seventh-generation Golf, alongside the hatchback and the Estate, and has a look that clearly follows the design of its siblings, with strong elements of Volkswagen’s design ‘DNA’. At 4,338 mm long, the new SV is 134 mm longer than the Golf Plus that it replaces, and 83 mm longer than the Golf. It is 224 mm shorter than the Golf Estate.

Volkswagen Golf SV

Compared with the boot of its predecessor, capacity is increased by 76 litres to 500 litres with the back seats at their rear-most position (versus the Golf’s 380 litres and the Estate’s 605 litres). Moving the rear seats forwards increases the luggage capacity to 590 litres, while folding the rear seats liberates up to 1,520 litres of room. The front passenger seat can also optionally fold fully forward, creating a load space which is up to 2,484 mm long.

Like the Golf, the Golf SV comes with many standard and optional safety systems. These include a standard automatic post-collision braking system (Multi-collision brake) which automatically brakes the vehicle after a collision to reduce kinetic energy significantly and thus minimise the chance of a second impact, and a PreCrash system (Proactive Occupant Protection) which, on detecting the possibility of an accident, pre-tensions seatbelts and closes the windows and sunroof, leaving just a small gap, to ensure the best possible protection from the airbags.

A first for the Golf SV is a blind spot monitor, dubbed Side Scan, with an assistant for exiting parking spaces. This monitors the area behind and to the sides of the vehicle, ensuring easier and safer egress when reversing from a parking bay. It will be packaged as an option together with Lane Assist.

Powering the SV is a range of petrol and diesel engines, all of which incorporate Stop/Start and battery regeneration systems. There are two turbocharged 1.2-litre petrol engines with 85 and 110 PS; two 1.4-litre turbocharged petrol engines with 125 and 150 PS; and three turbodiesels: a 2.0-litre 150 PS, a 1.6-litre 90 PS and a 1.6-litre 110 PS. When fitted in the Golf SV BlueMotion, this last engine is expected to return fuel economy of 76.3 mpg and emit 95 g/km of CO2. All engines apart from the 1.2-litre TSI 85 PS can be ordered with a DSG gearbox.

Golf Variant / Estate / Sportwagen[edit]

Volkswagen Golf Variant Concept R Line

Like the Golf hatchback, the Golf Estate is available in S, SE and GT trim levels.

The Golf Estate’s loadspace volume has been expanded from the 505 litres of its predecessor to 605 litres (loaded up to the back seat backrest), versus the 380 litre of the Golf hatchback. Loaded up to the front seat backrests and under the roof, the new Golf Estate offers a cargo volume of 1,620 litres (versus the 1,495 litres of the Golf Estate Mk VI). The rear-seat backrests can be folded remotely via a release in the boot.

Four petrol engines and three diesel engines are available, ranging from 85-140PS in the petrol and 90-150PS for the diesel engines.

For the first time the Golf Estate will also be available as a ‘full’ BlueMotion model (with other modifications including revised aerodynamics). This model uses a 1.6-litre diesel engine producing 110 PS, has a six-speed manual gearbox, and is expected to achieve a combined fuel consumption of just 85.6 mpg (equivalent to 87 g/km of CO2).

Like the Golf hatchback, the new Golf Estate is based on the MQB platform (both have the same wheelbase). This innovative platform uses new production techniques which help make the new model up to 105 kg lighter than its predecessor, and also allows greater access to new technologies (for safety, comfort and convenience).

Volkswagen have announced the upcoming launch of a Golf Estate R, using the same EA888 2.0 engine found in the MkVII Golf R hatchback.

e-Golf[edit]

The production version of the 2015 Volkswagen e-Golf was unveiled at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.[28] According to VW the e-Golf has a practical all-electric range of 130 to 190 km (81 to 118 mi), with an official NEDC cycle of 190 km (120 mi), and the winter range is expected to be 80 to 120 km (50 to 75 mi).[29] In October 2014, the EPA announced the 2015 e-Golf has a range of 83 mi (134 km), and combined city/highway efficiency of 116 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe).[30] Production of vehicles destined for retail customers began in March 2014.[31]

Volkswagen e-Golf

On 14 February 2014, Volkswagen launched sales of the e-Golf in Germany, with pricing starting at €34,900 (~US$47,800).[29] On 11 March 2014, Volkswagen opened ordering for the e-Golf in the UK, and announced pricing of £30,845.[32] UK deliveries began at the end of June.[33] In April 2014, Volkswagen announced that the U.S. version of the 2015 e-Golf would not have a liquid-cooled battery pack because strict testing showed high ambient temperatures did not affect battery performance.[34]

In Norway, the e-Golf became available for pre-order on 25 February 2014 for delivery in June 2014. Over 1,300 cars were ordered that same day.[35] By 3 March 2014, nearly 2,000 cars had been pre-ordered.[36] Prices range from NOK 251,800 (~US$42,000) for the basic model to NOK 302,000 (~US$50,000) with all available options,[37] comparable to the cheapest petrol and diesel models.[38] The VW e-Golf was the top selling plug-in electric car in July 2014 with 391 units sold and representing 34.4% of the Golf nameplate sales (1,136), which was Norway's top selling new car that month.[39][40] The e-Golf was again the top selling electric car in August 2014 with 467 units sold, representing 43.4% of the Golf nameplate sales that month (1,075). In two months and a half a total of 925 Volkswagen e-Golf cars have been sold in Norway, surpassing initial Model S sales which delivered 805 units during its first two months in the Norwegian market.[41][42] A total of 1,358 units have been sold in Europe through August 2014.[43]

U.S sales are slated to start on selected markets in November 2014 at a price for the SEL Premium model starting at US$35,445 before any applicable government incentives, plus US$820 destination and delivery.[44] Volkswagen of America sold 119 units of the e-Golf during November 2014, the first full month of sales for the vehicle.[45]

In Spain, 2015, 35,500 euros.[46]

Golf GTE[edit]

Golf GTE at a charging point in Amsterdam

The Golf GTE plug-in hybrid is driven by two power sources: a 1.4-litre 110 kW (150 PS) TSI direct-injection petrol engine and a 75 kW electric motor. Together, they combine to produce power of 150 kW (204 PS) and a theoretical range of 933 km (580 mi). Using the electric motor alone, the GTE is capable of speeds of 81 mph. With the TSI engine as well, the Golf GTE can sprint from zero to 62 mph in 7.6 seconds and on to 135 mph. Torque is a remarkable 350 Nm (258 lbs ft). The Golf GTE shares the basic powertrain hardware with the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron but the software controls are different.[47] The Golf GTE also shares the same plug-in hybrid powertrain with the Volkswagen Passat GTE, but the Passat has a larger 9.9 kWh Li-ion battery pack.[48]

In EV mode, the Golf GTE has an all-electric range of 50 km (31 mi). The all-electric mode can be activated at the push of a button. Under the New European Driving Cycle, combined fuel economy is 1.50 L/100 km (157 mpg-US) equivalent.[49] The electric power can also be saved – for example when driving to a zero-emissions zone. The 8.8 kWh lithium-ion battery can be charged in around three and a half hours from a domestic mains outlet, or two and a half hours from a domestic wallbox. The battery weighs 120 kg, giving the GTE a total kerbweight of 1,520 kg.

The Golf GTE uses a six-speed DSG gearbox with a triple-clutch system specially developed for hybrid vehicles. The electric motor is integrated into the gearbox housing, while further hybrid components include power electronics and a charger. An electro-mechanical brake servo and an electric air conditioning compressor make for energy-efficient braking and air conditioning.

Inside as on the outside, the Golf GTE features blue highlights where the GTI has red. This includes stitching on the steering wheel, gear lever gaiter and seats, and a blue stripe in the tartan pattern on the sports seats. A 5.8-inch touchscreen display is standard, the 8-inch Discover Pro satellite navigation system with DAB radio and Bluetooth is a £1765 option, and includes bespoke functions for electric vehicles, including the ability to identify potential destinations on electric range, and electric charging points.The GTE will also feature an e-manager which allows the driver to preset vehicle charging, as well as interior cooling or heating. These functions can also be operated remotely using the Volkswagen Car-Net app on a smartphone: a three-year subscription will be included in the UK.

The first GTE units were registered in Germany in August 2014,[50] and a total of 89 units have been registered in the country as of September 2014.[51]

Golf GTD[edit]

The new GTD is powered by a 2.0-litre turbocharged common rail diesel engine with 184 PS. Maximum torque – the characteristic that arguably best defines the easily accessible performance of the GTD – has risen from 350 Nm (258 lbs ft) to 380 Nm (280 lbs ft) from just 1,750 rpm. The Golf R, in comparison, has 380 Nm from 1,800rpm. Acceleration from zero to 62 mph takes just 7.5 seconds, while the top speed is 142 mph, yet the new Golf GTD has a combined fuel consumption of 67.5 mpg, making for CO2 emissions of only 109 g/km. With the optional six-speed DSG, fuel consumption is 62.8 mpg and CO2 emissions of 119 g/km. As evidence of the progress which Volkswagen has made over the years in combining performance and economy, when the first generation Golf BlueMotion went on sale at the end of 2007, it too returned 62.8 mpg and had CO2 emissions of 119 g/km.

As with the GTI, a very high level of safety equipment is found as standard on the MkVII GTD.

Golf GTI[edit]

The new GTI is powered by a 2.0-litre turbocharged direct-injection petrol engine (TSI) with 220 PS. In the GTI Performance version, the engine’s maximum power is boosted to 230 PS. Both GTI models develop a maximum torque of 350 Nm (258 lbs ft). The standard GTI accelerates to 62 mph in 6.5 seconds and reaches a top speed of 152 mph. The GTI Performance has a top speed of 155 mph and needs just 6.4 seconds for the sprint to 62 mph. Despite its impressive performance, the new Golf GTI is in insurance group 29E – five groups lower than its predecessor.

Both versions of the GTI are equipped with a Stop/Start system and fulfil the EU-6 emissions standard that takes effect in 2014. With a six-speed manual gearbox, they attain the same low fuel consumption value of 47.1 mpg (CO2 emissions of 139 g/km). This means that the latest Golf GTI offers an 18 per cent improvement in fuel economy compared to the previous model. With the optional six-speed DSG gearbox, the two GTI models achieve fuel consumption figures of 44.1 mpg (equivalent to 148 g/km CO2 for the standard GTI and 149 g/km CO2 for the GTI Performance).

Buyers who opt for the £980 Performance pack gain not just an extra 10 PS of power, but also upgraded brakes and a limited-slip differential. The front differential is a new development, dubbed VAQ. This provides more neutral and agile driving behaviour and allows higher speeds to be carried through curves. The system consists of a multi-plate coupler between the differential cage and right driveshaft, which controls locking torque electro-hydraulically. Visually, vehicles with the Performance pack are distinguished solely by ‘GTI’ lettering on the red brake callipers.

As well as high performance, a high level of safety equipment comes as standard in the Golf GTI. On top of high passive safety levels – thanks in part to a passenger cell made from high- and ultra-high strength steels – active safety features include the Automatic Post-Collision Braking system, which automatically applies the vehicle brakes after an accident to reduce the chances of a second impact; the pre-crash system, which tensions seatbelts and closes windows and the sunroof if an accident is likely to improve the effectiveness of the airbags; Front Assist, which warns the driver in the event of coming too close to the vehicle in front, can prime the brakes, and operates at speeds of up to 99 mph; City Emergency Braking, which can automatically brake the vehicle at speeds below 18 mph; Automatic Distance Control, a radar-operated cruise control that maintains a set distance from the vehicle in front; and seven airbags as standard, including one for the driver’s knees.

Golf R[edit]

At the heart of the R is a newly developed version of the four-cylinder 2.0-litre turbocharged EA888 TSI petrol engine used in the latest Golf GTI, but in this application producing 300 PS from 5,500 to 6,200 rpm and 380 Nm (280 lbs ft) from 1,800 to 5,500 rpm. Compared with the GTI’s powerplant, the Golf R’s engine has a modified cylinder head, exhaust valves, valve seats and springs, pistons, injection valves and turbocharger.

Zero to 62 mph takes 5.2 seconds (versus 5.7 seconds for previous Golf R), or 4.9 seconds with optional DSG gearbox. In 3rd-party testing, it has been recorded at 4.7 seconds using Launch Control. The top speed is electronically limited to 155 mph. Despite this increased performance, a combined fuel consumption of 24 mpg, and CO2 emissions of 165 g/km (159 g/km DSG) make the Golf R up to 18 per cent more efficient than its predecessor.

The R uses a fifth-generation Haldex 4MOTION four-wheel drive system. Under low loads or when coasting, the rear axle is decoupled, helping to reduce fuel consumption. Drive to the rear axle can be engaged in fractions of a second via the Haldex coupling, which is actuated by an electro-hydraulic pump. 50 percent of power can be transferred to the rear axle.

The ride height is 20 mm lower than the standard Golf. For the first time, this offers a ‘Race’ mode, which increases damping, thereby reducing body movements. Race mode also attenuates throttle response, and alters the shift pattern of the DSG gearbox (where fitted).

On top of ESC Sport mode, as found on the GTI and GTD, which delays intervention of the electronic stability control system, the R offers the option fully to disengage the ESC, for track driving.

References[edit]

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  39. ^ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (August 2014). "Bilsalget i juli" [Car sales in July] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2014-08-23.  Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway.
  40. ^ Automotive Industry Data (AID) (2014-08-06). "Every second electric car sold in Norway this July came from Volkswagen". AID. Retrieved 2014-08-23.  In July 2014 the top selling electric cars in Norway were the Volkswagen e-Golf with 391 units, the Nissan Leaf with 313 and the Volkswagen e-Up! with 282.
  41. ^ Ståle Frydenlund (2014-09-02). "VW e-Golf slår Teslas superstart" [VW e-Golf beats Tesla's super start] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 2014-09-13. 
  42. ^ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (September 2014). "Bilsalget i august" [Car sales in August] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2014-09-13.  Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway.
  43. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-09-29). "Europe August 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  44. ^ VW Press Release (2014-08-25). "Volkswagen prices e-Golf in US at $35,445". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2014-08-26. 
  45. ^ VW Press Release (2014-12-02). "VOLKSWAGEN OF AMERICA REPORTS NOVEMBER 2014 SALES". Volkswagen of America. Retrieved 2014-12-05. 
  46. ^ http://app.volkswagen.es/ihdcc/es/configurator.html#30671
  47. ^ Mike Millikin (2014-03-13). "Volkswagen: e-mobility and sustainability; Part 1, the e-Golf and Golf GTE". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  48. ^ Mike Millikin (2014-09-29). "Promised VW Passat plug-in hybrid to debut at Paris show; both sedan and wagon". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  49. ^ Noah Joseph (2014-02-20). "VW Golf GTE plugs in the GTI for guilt-free fun". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  50. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-09-13). "Germany August 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  51. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-10-15). "Germany September 2014". EV sales. Retrieved 2014-10-20. 

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