Volkswagen Phaeton

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Volkswagen Phaeton
VW Phaton (2. Facelift) – Frontansicht, 7. Mai 2011, Düsseldorf.jpg
2011 Volkswagen Phaeton in Germany
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Production 2002–present
Model years 2003-present
Assembly Dresden, Germany
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door saloon
Layout Longitudinal front engine,
4motion permanent all-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group D1
Related Audi A8
Bentley Continental GT
Bentley Continental Flying Spur
Powertrain
Engine petrol engines:
3.2 L VR6
4.2 L V8
6.0 L W12 2010-2011
diesel engines:
3.0 L V6 TDI
5.0 L V10 TDI 2003-2007
Transmission 5-speed ZF 5HP24A tiptronic automatic (W12 engine only),
6-speed ZF 6HP19A tiptronic AWD automatic transmission (2004 model, 4.2L, trans code: GUN)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,881 mm (113.4 in)
LWB: 3,001 mm (118.1 in)
Length Pre-2010 SWB: 5,055 mm (199.0 in)
Pre-2010 LWB: 5,175 mm (203.7 in)
2010-present SWB: 5,059 mm (199.2 in)
2010-present LWB: 5,179 mm (203.9 in)
Width 1,903 mm (74.9 in)
Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight 2,449 kg (5,399 lb) (LWB W12)
Volkswagen Group W12 engine as fitted in the Phaeton W12

The Volkswagen Phaeton /ˈftən/ FAY-tən is a full-size (F-segment in Europe) luxury sedan/saloon manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen, described by Volkswagen as their "premium class" vehicle.[1][2] Introduced at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show, the Phaeton is marketed worldwide.

The name Phaeton derives from Phaëton, the son of Phoebus (or Helios) in Greek mythology, by way of the phaeton auto body style and the type of horse-drawn carriage that preceded it.

First Generation (2002-)[edit]

Development[edit]

The Phaeton was conceived by Ferdinand Piëch, then chairman of Volkswagen Group.[citation needed] Piëch wanted Volkswagen engineers to create a car that would surpass the German prestige market leaders, Mercedes-Benz and BMW. The decision to release the Phaeton was, in part, a response to Mercedes' decision to compete directly with Volkswagen in the European marketplace with the low-cost A-Class. It was also intended to support the Volkswagen brand image, since the most expensive versions of lesser models, such as the Golf GTI, were starting to cost almost as much as equivalently-sized prestige brands. Although the Volkswagen group already has a direct competitor in the full-sized luxury segment, the Audi A8, the Phaeton is intended to be more of a comfort-oriented limousine like the Mercedes-Benz S-Class and Lexus LS, while the Audi A8 and BMW 7 Series are more sport-oriented. [3][4]

Initial development of the Phaeton, given the internal project code VW611, began with Piëch giving his engineers a list of ten parameters the car needed to fulfill. Most of these specifications were not made known to the public, but a number of them were told to automotive reporters. One of them was that the Phaeton should be capable of being driven all day at 300 kilometres per hour (186 mph) with an exterior temperature of 50 °C (122 °F) whilst maintaining the interior temperature at 22 °C (72 °F).[5] Piëch requested this even though the Phaeton's top speed was electronically limited to 250 kilometres per hour (155.3 mph).[6] Another requirement was that the car should possess torsional rigidity of 37,000 N·m/degree.

Overview[edit]

The Phaeton's platform, the Volkswagen Group D1 platform, is shared with the Bentley Continental GT and Bentley Continental Flying Spur. Certain systems, such as the automatic transmission and some engines, are also shared with the Audi A8. Compared to the Audi A8L 4.2 FSI quattro, the Phaeton is 545 pounds heavier but is still competitive with the lighter A8 in most driving tests, due to the Phaeton's increased engine power (335 hp versus 330) and a shorter axle ratio (3.65:1 versus 3.32).[7] However, the weight gives the Phaeton considerably worse acceleration and poorer fuel economy compared to the A8.[8]

As of 2011, the Phaeton has the longest wheelbase in the Volkswagen passenger car line.

Features[edit]

Development of the vehicle led to over 100 individual patents specific to the Phaeton.[citation needed] Distinctive features include a draftless four-zone climate system, air compressor suspension system, and standard Torsen-based 4motion four-wheel drive.

Phaeton Lounge (2005)[edit]

It is a concept car with lengthened body for 6 passengers. It included W12 cylinder engine, and a reinforced chassis, 6-speed Tiptronic automatic transmission, individual climate control for each passenger, front and rear wine coolers, a minibar, multi-color mood lighting, a cigar humidor, two 17-inch monitors, DVD changer in the trunk, 2nd DVD player in the back cabin, and a Bluetooth-enabled computer with a broadband connection.[9]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2005 Middle East International Motor Show.[10]

Production[edit]

The Phaeton is hand-assembled in an eco-friendly factory with a glass exterior, the Transparent Factory (German: Gläserne Manufaktur) in Dresden, Germany. This factory also assembled Bentley Continental Flying Spur vehicles destined for the European market until October 2006, when all assembly of the Bentley products was transferred to Crewe, England.

The Phaeton body is fabricated and painted at the Volkswagen works at Zwickau, Germany, and the completed bodies are transported approximately 100 km by special road transport vehicles to the main factory. Most Phaeton engines, the W12 being the notable exception, are built at the VW/Porsche/Audi engine plant in Győr, Hungary.

Reception and sales[edit]

Interior of a 2012 Phaeton featuring piano lacquer trim on tan leather seats with contrast piping

Motor Trend suggested that the "VW badge on the hood may not say 'premium' to many auto shoppers" but they were impressed at how the Phaeton drove.[11]

The Phaeton debuted at prices comparable to similar offerings from Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Lexus and the Volkswagen Group's own Audi A8 (which shared its powertrain with the Phaeton).

Sales fell far short of expectations.[citation needed] In 2002, the manufacturer stated the annual capacity of the new Phaeton plant at Dresden was 20,000; by September 2006 a four-year total of 25,000 had been built,[12] with production running at approximately 6,000 cars annually. The domestic market is the Phaeton's strongest, with 19,314 Phaetons delivered in Germany alone by January 2009.

In the United States market, 1,433 Phaetons were sold in 2004, and 820 were sold in 2005, leading the company to announce that sales in the American market would end after the 2006 model year. The W12-engined models have depreciated significantly, and sell for a small fraction of their original cost.[13]

As of January 2011, Volkswagen reported the possibility of bringing the Phaeton back to the U.S. in the car's next product cycle.[14]

In autumn 2013, The Economist placed Phaeton into the report on Europe's biggest loss making cars.[15]

2007 facelift[edit]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2007 Geneva Motor Show.[16]

Update included new LED daytime running lights, as well as a freshened centre console with revamped controls and materials. New Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) V6 petrol engine with greater power and fuel efficiency (206 kW / 280 PS) which satisfy Euro-5 emissions standards is also available.

Other changes to the 2009 model year car now being launched include: three new types of alloy wheels (17, 18 and 19 inch), a slightly modified radiator grille, three new exterior colours, the new leather colour, the new wood trims, white switch illumination instead of red, accent and switch trim in the new "Warm gray" colour, an upgraded car key, makeup mirror in the rear on the LWB version, dampers optimised for low-friction, Carbon fibre-reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/SiC) ceramic composite brakes (front) on the Phaeton W12, as well as a rearview camera (Rear Assist) and blind spot warning system Side Assist.

2010 facelift[edit]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition.[17][18]

The 2011 model year car got a new front fascia to more closely resemble the Volkswagen styling direction first seen on the Golf Mk VI. This included new LED running lights, bi-xenon headlights and a new bumper with LED fog lights. The rear LED clusters were altered to mimic those found on facelifted Touran, Sharan, and new Touareg. The interior benefited from some new technologies, but retained the 2009 MY layout. The Phaeton was offered as a normal wheelbase and long wheelbase models, with five-seat layout or an optional four-seat interior. In the five-seat version, the front seats can be adjusted 12 ways. Standard features include all-wheel drive, air suspension, and four-zone automatic climate control. A multifunction steering wheel can be ordered in leather or wood-leather.

New technologies[edit]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Engine codes Engine type Power, torque@rpm 0–100 km/h (62 mph) (s) Top speed
3.6 V6 FSI 2010- ? 3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) VR6 280 PS (206 kW; 276 bhp)@6250, 370 N·m (273 lbf·ft)@3500 8.6 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
4.2 V8 2010- BGH 4,172 cc (254.6 cu in) V8 335 PS (246 kW; 330 bhp)@6500, 430 N·m (317 lbf·ft)@3500 6.9 250 km/h(155.3 mph)

(limited)

6.0 W12 2010-2011 BRN / BTT 5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12 450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp)@6050, 560 N·m (413 lbf·ft)@2750-5200 6.1 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
Diesel engines
Model Years Engine codes Engine type Power, torque@rpm 0–100 km/h (62 mph) (s) Top speed
3.0 V6 TDI 2010- BMK / CARA / CEXA 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 240 PS (177 kW; 237 bhp)@4000, 500 N·m (369 lbf·ft)@1500-3500 8.3 237 km/h (147.3 mph)

Transmissions[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Types
3.6 V6 FSI 2010- 6-speed automatic
4.2 V8 2010- 6-speed automatic
6.0 W12 2010-2011 5-speed automatic
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
3.0 V6 TDI 2010- 6-speed automatic

Powertrain[edit]

As of 2007, powertrain options for the Phaeton include the following engines.[20] 4motion permanent four-wheel drive is the only driveline system available. A front wheel drive only configuration was available with the 3.2 L engine during the 2003 and 2004 model years.

Petrol engines
Model Years Engine codes Engine type Power, torque@rpm 0–100 km/h (62 mph) (s) Top speed
3.2 VR6 2002-2008 AYT / BKL / BRK 3,189 cc (194.6 cu in) VR6 241 PS (177 kW; 238 bhp)@6200, 315 N·m (232 lbf·ft)@2400 9.4 239 km/h (148.5 mph)
3.6 VR6 2008- ? 3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) VR6 280 PS (206 kW; 276 bhp)@6250, 370 N·m (273 lbf·ft)@3500 8.6 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
4.2 V8 2002-2008 BGH / BGJ / ? 4,172 cc (254.6 cu in) V8 335 PS (246 kW; 330 bhp)@6500, 430 N·m (317 lbf·ft)@3500 6.9 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
6.0 W12 LWB (420PS)) 2002-2005 BAN 5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12 420 PS (309 kW; 414 bhp)@6000, 550 N·m (406 lbf·ft)@3000 6.1 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
6.0 W12 LWB (450PS) 2005-2011 BRN / BTT 5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12 450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp)@6050, 560 N·m (413 lbf·ft)@2750-5200 6.1 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)
Diesel engines
Model Years Engine codes Engine type Power, torque@rpm 0–100 km/h (62 mph) (s) Top speed
3.0 V6 TDI (225PS) 2004-2006 BMK / CARA / CEXA 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 225 PS (165 kW; 222 bhp)@4000, 450 N·m (332 lbf·ft)@1400 8.8 234 km/h (145.4 mph)
3.0 V6 TDI (233PS) 2007-2008 BMK / CARA / CEXA 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 233 PS (171 kW; 230 bhp)@4000, 450 N·m (332 lbf·ft)@1400 8.4 234 km/h (145.4 mph)
3.0 V6 TDI (240PS) 2008- BMK / CARA / CEXA 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 turbo 240 PS (177 kW; 237 bhp)@4000, 500 N·m (369 lbf·ft)@1500-3500 8.3 237 km/h (147.3 mph)
5.0 V10 TDI 2003-2007 AJS 4,921 cc (300.3 cu in) V10 turbo 313 PS (230 kW; 309 bhp)@3750, 750 N·m (553 lbf·ft)@2000 6.9 250 km/h (155.3 mph) (limited)

Vehicles manufactured for sale in the North American market were only available with the 4.2 L V8 and 6.0L W12 engine, both of which were electronically limited to 210 km/h (130.5 mph).

The Phaeton features a Bosch ESP 5.7 Electronic Stability Programme, with Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS), Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD), Anti-Slip Regulation (ASR) traction control system, Electronic Differential Lock (EDL), Engine Braking Control (EBC), with emergency Brake Assist (BA).

The electronic differential lock (EDL) employed by Volkswagen is not, as the name suggests, a differential lock at all. Sensors monitor roadwheel speeds across an individual driven axle, and if one wheel is rotating substantially faster than the other (i.e. slipping) the EDL system momentarily brakes it. This effectively transfers power to the other wheel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Volkswagen Sachsen GmbH". Volkswagen-sachsen.de. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  2. ^ Glaesernemanufaktur Dresden. "GlaeserneManufaktur.de". GlaeserneManufaktur.de. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  3. ^ "Volkswagen Phaeton 4MOTION W-12 - First Drive Review - Auto Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ GoAutoMedia (2010-04-23). "Volkswagen 2009 Phaeton - Beijing show: VW facelifts Phaeton – again". GoAuto. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  6. ^ Top Gear Series 2 Episode 10, July 20, 2003
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ The world's first 4WD limo is a Volkswagen
  10. ^ Volkswagen supersizes the Phaeton
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ skript manufaktura – Magazin der Gläsernen Manufaktur Dresden, Nr. 7, Herbst/Winter 2006, Seite 63
  13. ^ "Gebrauchtschnäppchen Phaeton".  (German)
  14. ^ "Volkswagen May Bring Back Scirocco, Phaeton to U.S.". bloomberg.com. 2011-01-28. 
  15. ^ "Daily Chart. Europe's biggest loss making cars". The Economist. 2013-09-25. 
  16. ^ Geneva Motor Show: The new VW Phaeton
  17. ^ Volkswagen Group Debuts Six Brands in China at Auto Beijing 2010
  18. ^ Beijing 2010: 2011 Volkswagen Phaeton ups the luxe
  19. ^ a b "Phaeton debuts with new design and new technologies". Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  20. ^ All data: Automobile Revue 2007. Bern: Espace Media Groupe. 2007. pp. 519–520. ISBN 978-3-905386-07-3. 

External links[edit]