Volkswagen Scirocco

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Volkswagen Scirocco
VW Scirocco III 2.0 TSI front 20100410.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Production 1974–1992
2008–present
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Volkswagen Karmann Ghia

The Volkswagen Scirocco is a sport compact coupe produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen, undergoing two generations of development between 1974 and 1992 and reintroduced in a third generation in August 2008.

Nameplate etymology[edit]

The Scirocco shares its name with the Mediterranean wind Sirocco. Volkswagen makes numerous references in marketing literature to this. As an example, their 1975 print advertisement states: "Scirocco. A hot new car from Volkswagen. As fast and powerful as the desert wind it's named after." A Volkswagen brochure for the second generation Scirocco states: "Named after a fierce desert wind, the Scirocco's front wheel drive and transverse engine contribute to its tracking ability at all speeds." [1]

First generation (1974–1981)[edit]

First generation
VW Scirocco 1973.jpg
Overview
Production 1974–1981 (504,153 units)
Assembly Osnabrück, Germany (Karmann)
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door coupé
Platform Volkswagen Group A1 platform
Related Volkswagen Golf
Volkswagen Jetta
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.3 L I4 (petrol)
1.5 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.7 L I4 (petrol)
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)[2]
Length 3,880 mm (152.8 in)[2]
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)[2]
Height 1,310 mm (51.6 in)[2]

Volkswagen began work on the car during the early 1970s as the replacement for the aging Karmann Ghia coupe, and designated it the Typ 53 internally. The platform of the Golf (Rabbit) and Jetta was used to underpin the new Scirocco, although almost every part of the car was re-engineered in favour of a sportier drive, and the model's all-new styling, penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro, was sleeker and sportier than that of either the Golf or Jetta. Launched six months before the Golf, in order to resolve any teething troubles before production of the high volume hatchback started,[3] the Scirocco went on sale in Europe in 1974 and in North America in 1975. Type 1 models featured a range of four-cylinder engines with displacements from 1.1 to 1.6 L, 1.7 L in North America, (1975 1.5L (1,471 cc), 1976–77 1.6 L, 1978 1.5 L (1,457 cc), 1979–1981 1.6 (1,588 cc),1980 USA model available with a 1.8L Diesel, 1981 USA models 1.7 (1,715 cc)), all featuring a single-overhead camshaft and two valves per cylinder. The 1975–1978 model year USA vehicles had four-speed manual transmissions; for the 1979-1980 model years, USA vehicles were offered a five-speed manual transmissions as an option. In 1981 the 5-speed became standard. Automatic transmission-equipped Sciroccos were generally rare.[4]

Rear view

The car changed little before being replaced by the Type 2 version in 1982 (Europe). However, air conditioning became available as an option on the domestic market in August 1975.[5] The possibility to retrofit the installation, together with a larger battery, was offered to existing owners.[5]

During the production of the Type 1, there were subtle changes to the body and trim. In 1977 (1976 was the first year), the conventional two wiper system changes to a single wiper which parks on the passenger side of the windscreen. In 1978, the separate front side marker and turn signal, changed to a combination wrap-around orange lens. Other mid-life changes include chrome bumpers with rubberised end caps to a plastic one-piece wrap around bumper. In 1979, the one-pieces "flag" style outside mirrors transitioned to a two-piece shrouded mirror. There were also special variants throughout the Type 1 production. Most distinguishable by paint schemes and trim, there were special versions called "Sidewinder", "Sidewinder II", "Champagne Edition", "Champagne Edition II" and the "S". The Champagne Edition II only came in white with black accents. On the NA models the 1980 "S" versions came in only three colours, Alpine White, Black and Mars Red with unique colour accents. This "S" model differed from the base model by having blacked out chrome trim, day glow additions to the exterior trim, Recaro designed sports seats, white letter tires, sport strips and a standard 5 speed transmission. This was followed by the 1981 "S" versions which only came in Cosmos Silver Metallic, Cirrus Gray Metallic and Mars Red without the colour accents. Steel sunroofs were an available option on both the "S" non-"S" vehicles. Unlike the sunroofs on the 2nd generation Sciroccos introduced in 1982, these earlier versions only tilted open. They did not slide back but could be removed and stored in a special fabric folder and placed in the trunk hatch. Not forgetting the addition of the "Storm" models, available in two colours with a run of 250 cars in each colour

Second generation (1981–1992)[edit]

Second generation
VW Scirocco front 20080703.jpg
Overview
Production 1981–1992 (291,497 units)
Assembly Osnabrück, Germany (Karmann)
Designer Herbert Schäfer
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door coupé
Platform Volkswagen Group A1 platform
Related Volkswagen Golf
Volkswagen Jetta
Powertrain
Engine 1.3 L I4 (petrol)
1.5 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.7 L I4 (petrol)
1.8 L I4 (petrol)
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length 4,210 mm (165.7 in)
Width 1,645 mm (64.8 in)
Height 1,305 mm (51.4 in)
Chronology
Successor Volkswagen Corrado

A heavily redesigned "Type 2" variant (internally designated Typ 53B) went on sale in 1981, although it remained on the A1 platform. The second generation Scirocco, still assembled on behalf of Volkswagen by Karmann of Osnabrück (in the same factory as the first generation Scirocco), was first shown at the 1981 Geneva Salon in March that year.[6] Designed by Volkswagen's own internal design team, the new car featured increased front and rear headroom, increased luggage space and a reduction in the coefficient of drag. One unique feature of the Type 2 was the location of the rear spoiler midway up the glass on the rear hatch. A mid-cycle update occurred in 1984, which included minor changes over the 1982 model: removal of the outlined "SCIROCCO" script from the rear hatch (below the spoiler), a redesigned air conditioning compressor, and a different brake master cylinder with in-line proportioning valves and a brake light switch mounted to the pedal instead of on the master cylinder.

Rear view

Half way through the 1984 model year, a new space-saver spare wheel was added, that provided room for a larger fuel tank (with a second "transfer" fuel pump). Leather interior, power windows and mirrors, air conditioning, and a manual sunroof were options for all years. The 1984 model year saw the return of two windshield wipers (vs the large single wiper), absent since the 1976 models. Eleven different engines were offered in the Type 2 Scirocco over the production run, although not all engines were available in all markets. These engines included both carburetor and fuel injection engines. Initially all models had 8 valve engines. 16 valve engines became available in some markets in the 1986 model year. Displacements ranged from 1.3 liters up to 1.8 liters. Power ranged from 44 kW (60 PS) to 82 kW (112 PS) for the 8 valve engines and either 95 kW (129 PS) or 102 kW (139 PS) for the 16 valve engines.[7]

Numerous trim levels existed, depending on the model year and market, and included the L, CL, GL, LS, GLS, GLI, GT, GTI, GTL, GTX, GT II, Scala, GT 16V and GTX 16V. Special limited edition models including the White Cat (Europe), Tropic (Europe), Storm (UK), Slegato (Canada), and Wolfsburg Edition (USA) were also produced. These special models typically featured unique interior/exterior color combinations, special alloy wheels and had special combinations of options such as leather, multifunction trip computer and/or power windows as standard.

Scirocco sales continued until 1992 in Germany, the UK, and some other European markets. The Scirocco was briefly joined but effectively replaced by the Corrado in the VW line-up, although this had been on sale since 1989 and was aimed further upmarket.

North America[edit]

Specifications in North America are somewhat different from those of cars sold in the rest of the world, due to the differing safety and emissions regulations in place there. In North America, 1982 and 1983 models produce 74 hp (55 kW) and 90 ft·lbf (120 N·m) of torque. The engine code was EN. The 1984 models produce 90 hp (67 kW) and 100 ft·lbf (140 N·m) torque, the engine code was JH. In mid-1986, a 16-valve model was released in the United States and Canada, which included a full body skirt, larger rear spoiler, and tear-drop shaped wheel slots to distinguish it from Type 2 8-valve models. Sales continued until 1988 in the United States, 1989 in Canada, being effectively replaced in these markets by the more expensive Corrado.

Third generation (2008–present)[edit]

Third generation
VW Scirocco III 2.0 TSI DSG Collectors Edition 54 von 100 Oryxweiß.JPG
Overview
Production 2008–present
Assembly Palmela, Portugal (AutoEuropa)
Designer Walter de Silva
Marc Lichte
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 platform
Related Volkswagen Golf Mk5
Volkswagen Eos
SEAT León Mk2
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic (DSG)
7-speed automatic (DSG)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,578 mm (101.5 in)
Length 4,256 mm (167.6 in)
Width 1,810 mm (71.3 in)
Height 1,404 mm (55.3 in)
Curb weight 1,298 kg (2,862 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Volkswagen Corrado

Volkswagen officially announced in June 2006 production of a new Scirocco model at the AutoEuropa assembly plant in Palmela, Portugal.[8]

The new model, identified by the internal type numbers 137 or 1K8, is based on the PQ35 platform of the Golf V and was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. It went on sale in summer 2008 in Europe, with sales in other countries beginning early 2009. The Type 3 Scirocco won "Car of the Year 2008" from Top Gear (magazine).

The 2008 model of the Scirocco received a five star safety rating from EuroNCAP even after the driver test dummy hit its head off the steering wheel because of the airbag "bottoming out". The model tested was a left-hand-drive three-door hatchback and scored in four areas:

  • Adult Occupant 87%, 31 points.
  • Child Occupant 73%, 36 points.
  • Pedestrian 53%, 19 points.
  • Safety Assist 71%, 5 points.[9]

Scirocco R (2009–)[edit]

The Scirocco R ils a production model based on the GT24. Its 2.0 L FSI engine is rated 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) at 6,000 rpm and 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm, large air intake openings in the front bumper, an integrated front spoiler, bi-xenon headlights, larger rear roof edge spoiler, black diffuser, dual exhaust with chrome tailpipes, Talladega 18-inch alloy wheels.[10]

UK models went on sale in 2009.[11]

Engines[edit]

Model Years engine type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm
Petrol engines
1.4 TSI 122 bhp 2008– 1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 turbo 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) @ 5,000 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,000
1.4 TSI 122 bhp BlueMotion Technology 2009– 1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 turbo 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) @ 5,000 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,000
1.4 TSI 160 bhp 2008– 1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 supercharger + turbo 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) @ 5,800 240 N·m (177 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,500
2.0 TSI 200–210 bhp 2008– 1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 turbo (EA888 -CCTA/CBFA/CAWB) 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) @ 5,300–6,200 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) @ 1,700–5,000
Scirocco R/2.0 FSI 2009– 1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 turbo (EA113) 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) @ 6,000 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @ 2,500
Diesel engines
2.0 TDI CR 140 bhp 2008– 1,968 cc (1.968 L; 120.1 cu in) I4 turbo 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @ 4,000 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500
2.0 TDI CR 170 bhp 2009– 1,968 cc (1.968 L; 120.1 cu in) I4 turbo 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @ 4,200 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500

All models include standard six-speed manual transmission. The 1.4 TSI (160 PS) can optionally be fitted with a seven-speed DSG transmission, while the 2.0 TSI 200, 2.0 TSI 210, R 2.0 TSI 265 and 2.0 TDI are available with a six-speed DSG transmission.
The EA888 2.0 TSI uses an IHI K03 water-cooled turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold, while a BorgWarner turbocharger is used in EA113 2.0 TSI versions.

The 140 bhp 2.0 TDI engine is also provided with the BlueMotion Technology package. This package features stop start technology and regenerative braking to reduce emissions to 118 g/km CO2.

Motorsports[edit]

In the 24 Hours Nürburgring in May 2008, three new Volkswagen Scirocco[12] did very well in the field of over 200, among them many high powered cars, finishing 11th and 15th, with veteran Hans Joachim Stuck driving both cars (and Carlos Sainz the slower one). The direct competitors, two Opel Astra H GTC driven by drivers selected from 18,000 hopefuls in a year-long TV covered process, were beaten decisively. In the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship, Fredrik Ekblom drives a Scirocco for the Biogas team. The car is run on biogas and not petrol.

Absence of a North American version[edit]

In April 2007, Volkswagen America vice president Adrian Hallmark claimed that Volkswagen preferred not to bring the Scirocco to North America since it could negatively affect GTI sales.[13] It was later stated that the final decision would be made in 2008 by Martin Winterkorn (Volkswagen's CEO), not Volkswagen of America.[14]

In early March 2008, MotorAuthority reported that, due to the increasing gap between the United States dollar and the Euro, the Scirocco would not be made available for American consumers. "This car would fit the U.S. market but at the current exchange rate we wouldn't make any money." Volkswagen sales and marketing chief Detlef Wittig told Bloomberg reporters.

Concepts[edit]

IROC concept (2006)[edit]

A concept car previewing the then upcoming Scirocco III was unveiled at the 2006 Paris Auto Show.[15] Named IROC, from the middle four letters of "Scirocco",[16] it used a 200 hp (150 kW) TSI engine.

Scirocco GT24 (2008–)[edit]

Scirocco GT24 racecar

The Scirocco GT24 is a race car for the 24-hour race at the Nürburgring. It has a 2.0 L TSI engine rated 325 PS (239 kW; 321 hp) and 340 N·m (251 lb·ft) at 2,100 rpm, DSG transmission.

The GT24 was unveiled at GTI Meet 2008 in Wörthersee.[17]

Scirocco Studie R (2008)[edit]

The Studie R is a concept car based on the Scirocco GT24, after Volkswagen had cancelled the production of the Scirocco R32.[18] It has a 2.0 L TSI engine rated at 270 PS (199 kW; 266 hp), six-speed dual clutch transmission, four-piston brake calipers and a sound-optimized exhaust system with oval, polished tailpipes.

The Studie R was unveiled at the Bologna Motor Show.[19][20]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Volkswagen publication W64-002-6071.
  2. ^ a b c d "Autotest: Volkswagen Scirocco TS". Autocar 145 (4161): pp. 6–10. 1976-08-07. 
  3. ^ "Scirocco Timeline". Sciroccoregisterforum.co.uk. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  4. ^ sueddeutsche.de GmbH, Munich, Germany (2008-10-10). "Blech der Woche (23): VW Scirocco Turbo – Das Auto, das es nie gab – Auto & Mobil". sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  5. ^ a b "Nachrichten aus der Tecknik: Klimaanlage fuer VW Golf und Scirocco (Technical news: air conditioning for VW Golf and Scirocco)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 18 1975: Seite 36. date 30 August 1975. 
  6. ^ Costa, André & Georges-Michel Fraichard, ed. (September 1981). Salon 1981: Toutes les Voitures du Monde. l'Auto Journal (in french) (Paris: Homme N°1) (14 & 15): 141. 
  7. ^ Böhler, Claudia.Scirocco.Wolfsburg 2008. ISBN 978-3-935112-33-8.
  8. ^ "New Volkswagen Scirocco to come from Portugal (German)". German publication Handelsblatt. June 20, 2006. 
  9. ^ "VW Scirocco | Euro NCAP – For safer cars crash test safety rating". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  10. ^ Nunez, Alex (2009-05-20). "Officially Official: Volkswagen Scirocco R". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  11. ^ "New 265 PS Scirocco 'R' set to make its public debut". 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Volkswagen won't bring Scirocco to the U.S.". Motor Trend. April 2007. 
  14. ^ "Report: Scirocco may still come to America". leftlanenews. May 2007. 
  15. ^ Neff, John (2006-08-24). "VW IROC Concept unveiled!". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  16. ^ Horrell, Paul (2006-11-01). "VW will IROC you: No, it's not what you're thinking". www.motortrend.com. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 
  17. ^ Joseph, Noah (2008-05-22). "Volkswagen Scirocco GT24 debuts at Wörthersee". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  18. ^ Lavrinc, Damon (2008-11-25). "Volkswagen dropping Scirocco R32 in favor of Scirocco R20T". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  19. ^ Roth, Dan (2008-12-03). "VW shows off Scirocco Study R in Bologna". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  20. ^ "VW Scirocco Study R revealed in Bologna". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 

External links[edit]