Volkswagen Group (2008–)
|Predecessor||Volkswagen Karmann Ghia|
|Successor||Volkswagen Corrado (after 1992)|
|Body style||3-door Coupe|
Nameplate etymology 
Though numerous sources suggest Scirocco name derives from the Italian word for the Sirocco wind—during a period in its history when Volkswagen named vehicles after prominent winds or currents (e.g., the Passat (after the German word for Trade wind), Golf (after Gulf Stream), Bora (after Bora), Polo (after Polar Winds), and Jetta (after Jet stream)), a 2013 report by former VW advertising copywriter Bertel Schmitt, says that — after consulting knowledgable VW sources including Dr. Carl Hahn, former Volkswagen of America Chief and WP Schmidt, former sales chief at Volkswagen — no conclusive evidence suggests that Volkswagen employed a naming theme for its then new front-drive, water-cooled vehicles — or that the names trace etymologically to any particular theme, nor that any naming system "was ever announced, either officially or confidentially."
Scirocco I (1974–1982) 
|Platform||Volkswagen Group A1 platform|
|Engine||1.1 L I4,
1.3 L I4,
1.5 L I4,
1.6 L I4,
1.7 L I4
|Transmission||4-speed manual on early models
5-speed manual on later models
|Wheelbase||2,400 mm (94.5 in)|
|Length||3,880 mm (152.8 in)|
|Width||1,625 mm (64.0 in)|
|Height||1,310 mm (51.6 in)|
Volkswagen began work on the car during the early 1970s as the replacement for the aging Karmann Ghia coupe, and designated it the Typ 53 internally. The platform of the Golf/Rabbit and Jetta was used to underpin the new Scirocco, although almost every part of the car was re-engineered in favour of a sportier drive, and the model's all-new styling, penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro, was sleeker and sportier than that of either the Golf or Jetta. Launched six months before the Golf, in order to resolve any teething troubles before production of the high volume hatchback started, the Scirocco went on sale in Europe in 1974 and in North America in 1975. Mark I models featured a range of four-cylinder engines with displacements from 1.1 to 1.6 L (1.7 L in North America (1975 1.5L (1471), 1976–77 1.6 L, 1978 1.5 L (1457), 1979–1981 1.6 (1588 cc), 1981 1.7 (1715 cc) USA models), all featuring a single-overhead camshaft and two valves per cylinder. The 1975–1978 model year USA vehicles had 4-speed manual transmissions; for the 1979 model year, USA vehicles had 5-speed manual transmissions. Automatic transmission-equipped Sciroccos were rare.
The car changed little before being replaced by the Mark 2 version in 1982 (Europe). However, air conditioning became available as an option on the domestic market in August 1975. The possibility to retrofit the installation, together with a larger battery, was offered to existing owners.
During the production of the Mark I, there were subtle changes to the body and trim. In 1977 (1976 was the first year), the conventional two wiper system changes to a single wiper which parks on the passenger side of the windscreen. In 1978, the separate front side marker and turn signal, changed to a combination wrap-around orange lens. Other mid-life changes include chrome bumpers with rubberised end caps to a plastic one-piece wrap around bumper. In 1979, the one-pieces "flag" style outside mirrors transitioned to a two-piece shrouded mirror. There were also special variants throughout the Mark I production. Most distinguishable by paint schemes and trim, there were special versions called "Sidewinder", "Sidewinder II", "Champagne Edition", "Champagne Edition II" and the "S". The Champagne Edition II only came in white with black accents. On the NA models the 1980 "S" versions came in only three colours, Alpine White, Black and Mars Red with unique colour accents. This was followed by the 1981 "S" versions which only came in Cosmos Silver Metallic, Cirrus Gray Metallic and Mars Red without the colour accents. Manually retractable sliding steel sunroofs were an available option on the "S" versions, and possibly non-"S" vehicles, too.
Scirocco II (1982–1992) 
|Platform||Volkswagen Group A1 platform|
|Engine||1.3 L I4
1.5 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.7 L I4
1.8 L I4
1.8 L DOHC 16-Valve I4
|Wheelbase||2,400 mm (94.5 in)|
|Length||4,210 mm (165.7 in)|
|Width||1,645 mm (64.8 in)|
|Height||1,305 mm (51.4 in)|
A heavily redesigned "Mark 2" variant (internally designated Typ 53B) went on sale in 1982, although it remained on the A1 platform. One unique feature of the Mark 2 was the location of the rear spoiler midway up the glass on the rear hatch. A mid-cycle update occurred in 1984, which included minor changes over the 1982 model: removal of the outlined "SCIROCCO" script from the rear hatch (below the spoiler), a redesigned air conditioning compressor, and a different brake master cylinder with in-line proportioning valves and a brake light switch mounted to the pedal instead of on the master cylinder. Half way through the 1984 model year, a new space-saver spare wheel was added, that provided room for a larger fuel tank (with a second "transfer" fuel pump). Leather interior, power windows and mirrors, air conditioning, and a manual sunroof were options for all years. Engine power and torque steadily increased over the years. The 1984 model year saw the return of two windshield wipers (vice the large single wiper), absent since the 1976 models. 1982 and 1983 models produced 74 hp (55 kW) and 90 ft·lbf (120 N·m) of torque. The engine code was EN. The 1984 models produced 90 hp (67 kW) and 100 ft·lbf (140 N·m) torque, the engine code was JH. In mid-1986, a 16-valve model was released in the United States and Canada, which included a full body skirt, larger rear spoiler, and tear-drop shaped wheel slots to distinguish it from Mark II 8-valve models. The two engines offered were the PL code (with 123 hp (92 kW) and 120 ft·lbf (160 N·m) of torque), and the Europe-only KR code (139 hp (104 kW)), which had no emissions equipment.
Scirocco sales continued until 1988 in the United States, 1989 in Canada, and 1992 in Germany & the UK
The Scirocco was effectively replaced by the Corrado in the VW line-up, although this had been on sale since 1989 and aimed further upmarket.
Scirocco III (2008–present) 
|Assembly||AutoEuropa, Palmela, Portugal|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Platform||Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform|
|Engine||1.4 L TSI 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp)
1.4 L TSI BlueMotion Technology 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp)
1.4 L TSI 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp)
2.0 L TSI 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp)
2.0 L TSI 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp)
2.0 L TDI 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp)
2.0 L TDI BlueMotion Technology 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp)
2.0 L TDI 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)
|Wheelbase||2,578 mm (101.5 in)|
|Length||4,256 mm (167.6 in)|
|Width||1,810 mm (71.3 in)|
|Height||1,404 mm (55.3 in)|
|Curb weight||2,862 lb (1,298 kg)|
|Related||Volkswagen Golf Mk5
SEAT León Mk2
The new model, identified by the internal type numbers 137 or 1K8, is based on the PQ35 platform of the Golf V and was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. It went on sale in summer 2008 in Europe, with sales in other countries beginning early 2009. The MkIII Scirocco won "Car of the Year 2008" from Top Gear (magazine)
The 2008 model of the Scirocco received a five star safety rating from EuroNCAP even after the driver test dummy hit its head off the steering wheel because of the airbag "bottoming out". The model tested was a left-hand-drive three-door hatchback and scored in four areas:
- Adult Occupant 87%, 31 points.
- Child Occupant 73%, 36 points.
- Pedestrian 53%, 19 points.
- Safety Assist 71%, 5 points.
Scirocco R (2009–) 
The Scirocco R is a production model based on the GT24. Its 2.0 L TSI engine is rated 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) at 6,000 rpm and 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm, large air intake openings in the front bumper, an integrated front spoiler, bi-xenon headlights, larger rear roof edge spoiler, black diffuser, dual exhaust with chrome tailpipes, Talladega 18-inch alloy wheels.
UK models went on sale in 2009.
|1.4 TSI 122 bhp||2008–||1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 turbo||122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) @ 5,000||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,000|
|1.4 TSI 122 bhp BlueMotion Technology||2009–||1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 turbo||122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) @ 5,000||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,000|
|1.4 TSI 160 bhp||2008–||1,390 cc (1.39 L; 85 cu in) I4 supercharger + turbo||160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) @ 5,800||240 N·m (177 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,500|
|2.0 TSI 200–210 bhp||2008–||1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 turbo (EA888 -CCTA/CBFA/CAWB)||210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) @ 5,300–6,200||280 N·m (207 lb·ft) @ 1,700–5,000|
|Scirocco R/2.0 TSI||2009–||1,984 cc (1.984 L; 121.1 cu in) I4 turbo (EA113)||265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) @ 6,000||350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @ 2,500|
|2.0 TDI CR 140 bhp||2008–||1,968 cc (1.968 L; 120.1 cu in) I4 turbo||140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @ 4,000||320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500|
|2.0 TDI CR 170 bhp||2009–||1,968 cc (1.968 L; 120.1 cu in) I4 turbo||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @ 4,200||350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500|
All models include standard six-speed manual transmission. The 1.4 TSI (160 PS) can optionally be fitted with a seven-speed DSG transmission, while the 2.0 TSI 200, 2.0 TSI 210, R 2.0 TSI 265 and 2.0 TDI are available with a six-speed DSG transmission.
The EA888 2.0 TSI uses an IHI K03 water-cooled turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold, while a BorgWarner turbocharger is used in EA113 2.0 TSI versions.
The 140 bhp 2.0 TDI engine is also provided with the BlueMotion Technology package. This package features stop start technology and regenerative braking to reduce emissions to 118 g/km CO2.
In the 24 Hours Nürburgring in May 2008, three new Volkswagen Scirocco did very well in the field of over 200, among them many high powered cars, finishing 11th and 15th, with veteran Hans Joachim Stuck driving both cars (and Carlos Sainz the slower one). The direct competitors, two Opel Astra H GTC driven by drivers selected from 18,000 hopefuls in a year-long TV covered process, were beaten decisively. In the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship, Fredrik Ekblom drives a Scirocco for the Biogas team. The car is run on biogas and not petrol.
Absence of a North American version 
In April 2007, Volkswagen America vice president Adrian Hallmark claimed that Volkswagen preferred not to bring the Scirocco to North America since it could negatively affect GTI sales. It was later stated that the final decision would be made in 2008 by Martin Winterkorn (Volkswagen's CEO), not Volkswagen of America.
In early March 2008, MotorAuthority reported that, due to the increasing gap between the United States dollar and the Euro, the Scirocco would not be made available for American consumers. "This car would fit the U.S. market but at the current exchange rate we wouldn't make any money." Volkswagen sales and marketing chief Detlef Wittig told Bloomberg reporters.
IROC concept (2006) 
Scirocco GT24 (2008–) 
The Scirocco GT24 is a race car for the 24-hour race at the Nürburgring. It has a 2.0 L TSI engine rated 325 PS (239 kW; 321 hp) and 340 N·m (251 lb·ft) at 2,100 rpm, DSG transmission.
Scirocco Studie R (2008) 
The Studie R is a concept car based on the Scirocco GT24, after Volkswagen had cancelled the production of the Scirocco R32. It has a 2.0 L TSI engine rated at 270 PS (199 kW; 266 hp), six-speed dual clutch transmission, four-piston brake calipers and a sound-optimized exhaust system with oval, polished tailpipes.
- "Inside The Industry: TTAC Finds The Missing Etymology Of Passat, Golf, Scirocco, Polo". The Truth About Cars, Bertel Schmitt, May 24, 2013.
- "Autotest: Volkswagen Scirocco TS". Autocar 145 (4161): pp. 6–10. 1976-08-07.
- "Scirocco Timeline". Sciroccoregisterforum.co.uk. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- sueddeutsche.de GmbH, Munich, Germany (2008-10-10). "Blech der Woche (23): VW Scirocco Turbo – Das Auto, das es nie gab – Auto & Mobil". sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- "Nachrichten aus der Tecknik: Klimaanlage fuer VW Golf und Scirocco (Technical news: air conditioning for VW Golf and Scirocco)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 18 1975: Seite 36. date 30 August 1975.
- "New Volkswagen Scirocco to come from Portugal (German)". German publication Handelsblatt. June 20, 2006.
- "VW Scirocco | Euro NCAP – For safer cars crash test safety rating". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- Nunez, Alex (2009-05-20). "Officially Official: Volkswagen Scirocco R". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "New 265 PS Scirocco 'R' set to make its public debut". 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- "Volkswagen won't bring Scirocco to the U.S.". Motor Trend. 2007-04.
- "Report: Scirocco may still come to America". leftlanenews. 2007-05.
- Neff, John (2006-08-24). "VW IROC Concept unveiled!". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Horrell, Paul (2006-11-01). "VW will IROC you: No, it's not what you're thinking". www.motortrend.com. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
- Joseph, Noah (2008-05-22). "Volkswagen Scirocco GT24 debuts at Wörthersee". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Lavrinc, Damon (2008-11-25). "Volkswagen dropping Scirocco R32 in favor of Scirocco R20T". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Roth, Dan (2008-12-03). "VW shows off Scirocco Study R in Bologna". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "VW Scirocco Study R revealed in Bologna". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
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