Volkswagen Sharan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Volkswagen Sharan
VW Sharan II 2.0 TDI BlueMotion Technology Comfortline front 20101002.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Production 1995–present
Assembly Palmela, Portugal (AutoEuropa)
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 5-door 7-seat MPV
Layout Front engine

The Volkswagen Sharan is a 7-seat MPV produced by the German automaker Volkswagen. The Sharan is currently in its second generation and is built at the AutoEuropa plant in Palmela, Portugal. It shares the same platform with the SEAT Alhambra, and the first generation was also related to the Ford Galaxy.

First generation (Typ 7M, 1995–2010)[edit]

Volkswagen Sharan Mk1 (7M)
VW Sharan front 20071026.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Also called Ford Galaxy
SEAT Alhambra
Production 1995-2010
Assembly Palmela, Portugal (AutoEuropa)
Designer Greg M Greeson 1990
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group B-VX62
Powertrain
Engine

Petrol:
1.8L I4 110 kW (148 hp) 20V Turbo
2.0L I4 85 kW (114 hp)
2.8L VR6 128 kW (172 hp)
2.8L VR6 150 kW (201 hp) 24V
Diesel:
1.9L I4 66 kW (89 hp) TDI
1.9L I4 81 kW (109 hp) TDI
1.9L I4 85 kW (114 hp) TDI
1.9L I4 96 kW (129 hp) TDI
1.9L I4 110 kW (148 hp) TDI

2.0L I4 103 kW (138 hp) TDI
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed Tiptronic automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase Pre-Facelift & 2010-: 2,835 mm (111.6 in)
2004-09: 2,841 mm (111.9 in)
Length Pre-Facelift: 4,620 mm (181.9 in)
Facelifted: 4,634 mm (182.4 in)
Width Pre-Facelift: 1,810 mm (71.3 in)
Facelifted: 1,810 mm (71.3 in)
Height Pre-Facelift: 1,762 mm (69.4 in)
2004-09: 1,759 mm (69.3 in)
2010-: 1,732 mm (68.2 in)

The name Sharan is derived from a Persian word meaning "Carrier of Kings".[citation needed] The Volkswagen Group subsequently rebadged the Sharan in 1996, and sold it as the SEAT Alhambra alongside the Sharan. All variants were produced at the joint venture plant AutoEuropa in Portugal, alongside the closely related Ford Galaxy. Each of the three MPV models had its own subtle differences in exterior, and, for the Galaxy, in interior design. The first generation's initial design was completed under Greg M Greeson, an American designer employed in Volkswagen's Advanced Design Studio in Duesseldorf, Germany from 1989 to 1990.

As of 2007, the annual production for the Sharan is in the 50,000 unit range; it is sold in Europe, South Africa and some Asia-Pacific and Latin American countries. In Mexico it was available with the 1.8L Turbo 4 cil 150 hp (112 kW) with 5-speed Tiptronic automatic gearbox in Comfortline trim only, while in Argentina it is available with the 1.8L Turbo and the 1.9L TDI 115 hp 4-cylinder engines, in both 5-speed manual and 5-speed Tiptronic transmissions in Trendline trim only.

In total, Volkswagen almost sold 670,000 units of its Sharan over 15 years. The Sharan is not sold in the United States and Canada. Originally this was due to an agreement between Ford and Volkswagen, leaving the market free from competition for Ford's Aerostar minivan. More recently, Volkswagen decided not to introduce the Sharan in North America, ceased developing the Microbus concept, and instead introduced a badge-engineered variant of the Chrysler minivans as the Routan. This was launched in 2009, and replaced the Sharan in Mexico, the only North American country in which it was sold.

Scoring 200 points on the UK Reliability index, the Sharan is considered very unreliable when compared to the average vehicle score of 100, while a very reliable vehicle scores 60 or below. The average age and repair cost of the tested Sharan was 5,3 years and covered 63,546 miles.[1]

Mark 1/Phase 1 (1995–2000)[edit]

The original Sharan was launched in 1995, and was available with five engine choices:

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
1.8T 1997–2000 I4 20V AJH 1781 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 6000 rpm 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 1750–4600 rpm
2.0 1995–2003 I4 8V ADY 1984 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 5000 rpm 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @ 2400 rpm
2.8 VR6 1995–2000 VR6 12V AAA/AMY 2792 cc 128 kW (174 PS; 172 hp) @ 5800 rpm 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @ 4200 rpm
1.9 TDI 1995–2003 I4 8V 1Z/AHU 1896 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 202 N·m (149 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
1.9 TDI 1996–2003 I4 8V AFN/AVG 1896 cc 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp) @ 4150 rpm 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm

The 2.8 VR6 model had the option of Syncro all-wheel drive.

The Sharan received a EuroNCAP three-star safety rating when it was tested in 1999.

Awards

  • 1999 Auto Express New Car Honours – Best MPV
  • 1998 Top Gear Magazine Top Cars – Best People Carrier (Joint Winner)
  • 1996 What Car Awards – Best People Carrier (Joint Winner)
  • 1996 Auto Express Awards – Best People Carrier (Joint Winner)


Mark 1A/Phase 1.5 (2000–2004)[edit]

The Sharan and its stablemates received a major facelift in 2000. At this time, Volkswagen also extended the wheelbase by 6 mm (0.2 in), increased the front and rear track, and gave it the "Volkswagen family" look of the time.

Awards

  • 2000 Auto Express New Car Honours – Best MPV

Engine choices[edit]

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
1.8T 2000–2004 I4 20V AWC 1781 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 5800 rpm 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @ 1800 rpm
2.0 2000–2004 I4 8V ATM 1984 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 5200 rpm 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm
2.8 VR6 2000–2004 VR6 24V AYL 2792 cc 150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp) @ 6200 rpm 265 N·m (195 lb·ft) @ 3400 rpm
1.9 TDI 2000–2003 I4 8V ANU 1896 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
1.9 TDI 2000–2004 I4 8V AUY 1896 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 4000 rpm 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
1.9 TDI 2003–2004 I4 8V ASZ 1896 cc 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) @ 4000 rpm 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm


Mark 1B/Phase 1.75 (2004–2010)[edit]

A further minor cosmetic facelift was implemented in September 2003 for the 2004 model year. This changed, primarily, the grille, and tail lights (round). Also, more standard equipment was added, including air conditioning and curtain side air bags. In 2006, Ford independently introduced a new Galaxy which was not based on the Sharan and Alhambra designs from the Volkswagen Group. The new Galaxy was built at a dedicated Ford plant in Limburg, Belgium. The last first-generation Ford Galaxy rolled off the AutoEuropa line at the end of 2005, while the first-generation Sharan and SEAT Alhambra continued in production - alongside the Volkswagen Eos and the new Scirocco - until 2010.

Engine choices[edit]

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
1.8T 2004–2005 I4 20V AWC 1781 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 5800 rpm 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @ 1800 rpm
2.0 2004–2007 I4 8V ATM 1984 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 5200 rpm 170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm
2.8 VR6 2004–2008 VR6 24V AYL 2792 cc 150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp) @ 6200 rpm 265 N·m (195 lb·ft) @ 3400 rpm
1.9 TDI 2006–2010 I4 8V BVK 1896 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 4000 rpm 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
1.9 TDI 2004–2007 I4 8V ASZ 1896 cc 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) @ 4000 rpm 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
1.9 TDI 2004–2009 I4 8V BTB 1896 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
2.0 TDI 2009–2010 I4 8V BRT 1968 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 4000 rpm 310 N·m (230 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm

LPG Sharan[edit]

In 2006 PrinceGas[2] and Volkswagen launched the Sharan with a 2.0 L 85 kW (114 hp) flexible fuel engine, which could work with either petrol or autogas (liquified petroleum gas), providing an additional 450 km (280 mi) range over the regular 2.0L petrol engine. Both fuel tanks, the 70L (18 US gallon) petrol tank and the 60L liquid gas tank combined, give the Sharan enough fuel to cover 730 km (450 mi) between refuels at an average fuel consumption of 9.6 L/100 km.[2]

The liquid gas tank is built into the spare wheel well so it does not compromise on passenger and loading space of the Sharan's interior, although it does eliminate the spare tyre.

Second generation (Typ 7N, 2010–)[edit]

Volkswagen Sharan Mk2 (7N)
VW Sharan II 2.0 TDI Reflexsilber.JPG
Overview
Also called SEAT Alhambra
Production 2010–present
Assembly AutoEuropa, Palmela, Portugal
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Layout Front engine
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 PQ46
Related Volkswagen Passat B7
Powertrain
Engine

Petrol engines:
1.4L 110 kW (148 hp) TSI
2.0L 147 kW (197 hp) TSI
Diesel engines:
2.0L 103 kW (138 hp) TDI

2.0L 125 kW (168 hp) TDI
Transmission manual
DSG automatic
Dimensions
Length 4,850 mm (190.9 in)
Width 1,904 mm (75.0 in)
Height 1,720 mm (67.7 in)

The second-generation Sharan, based on the Volkswagen Passat B7, was launched at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show [3] and a month later the second-generation of its sibling model, the SEAT Alhambra, was officially announced.[4]

Although still built at the AutoEuropa factory in Portugal, the new model inherits only its name from the previous Sharan,[5] compared to which it is 220 mm (8.7 in) longer, 92 mm (3.6 in) wider and 12 mm (0.5 in) lower, with the wheelbase lengthened by 75 mm (3.0 in).

Weight has been reduced by 30 kg (66 lb). The initial engine range comprises 1.4-litre TSI (148 bhp) and 2.0-litre (197 bhp) petrol options, plus two 2.0-litre TDI diesel engines, rated at 138 and 168 bhp (125 kW; 170 PS). The rear doors now slide open rather than being hinged.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.reliabilityindex.com/reliability/search/382. Retrieved 15 January 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b "The VW Gazette: Ecology Meets Economy". Vwgazette.blogspot.com. 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  3. ^ "Geneva motor show: VW Sharan". Autocar. 2010-03-02. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "The new Alhambra – highly functional and efficient perfect for the active family". SEAT. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 19 April 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Genfer Autosalon". Auto Motor u. Sport. 2010 07: pages 32–36. 11 March 2010. 

External links[edit]