Volkswagen Touran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Volkswagen Touran
VW Crosstouran.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Auto 5000 (2003–2008)
Volkswagen (since 2009)
Also called Volkswagen Golf Touran (J)[1][2]
Production 2003-present
Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany
Jakarta, Indonesia (Garuda Mataram Motor)[3]
Anting, China (SVW) (2004-present)
Body and chassis
Class Compact MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform
Related Audi A3 Mk2
VW Golf Mk5
Volkswagen Caddy
Volkswagen Passat
SEAT León Mk2
SEAT Altea
SEAT Toledo Mk3
Škoda Octavia Mk2
Powertrain
Engine 1.2L I4 TSI (from 2010)
1.4L I4 TSI (from 2007)
1.4L I4 TSI EcoFuel (from 2009)
1.6L I4 (until 2010)
1.6L I4 FSI (until 2006)
2.0L I4 FSI (until 2006)
2.0L I4 EcoFuel (from 2006 until 2009)
1.6L I4 TDI (from 2010)
1.9L I4 TDI (until 2010)
2.0L I4 TDI (from 2003)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,680 mm (105.5 in)
Length 4,405 mm (173.4 in)
Width 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Height 1,635 mm (64.4 in)

The Volkswagen Touran (Typ 1T) is a compact MPV based on a vertically stretched fifth generation Volkswagen Golf Mk5, and sold in Europe and other select markets. It was launched in 2003 to fill a gap in Volkswagen's model lineup, below the Sharan large MPV. The vehicle is delivered in five- or seven-seat versions. It can be considered an extended version of the Golf Plus, since their front ends are similar in size, while the Touran's rear overhang is 200 mm (7.87 in) longer (and therefore a seven-seater, while the Golf Plus is a five-seater). In some regions, such as Japan, the car is called Golf Touran.

The name 'Touran' derives from the combination of 'Tour' and 'Sharan', the bigger MPV by VW. Despite the similarity of their names, the Touran is not related to the North American-market Volkswagen Routan.

First generation (2003-2010)[edit]

Volkswagen Touran TDI Front
Front
Volkswagen Touran rear
Rear

The Touran, launched in 2003, is the first Volkswagen MPV based on a Golf platform. It joined Volkswagen's existing MPV line-up that included the Sharan and Caravelle (VW Bus).[4]

The Touran introduced electro-mechanical steering, a first in its class and for Volkswagen. It is able to vary the weight of the steering depending on the road speed. Due to the lack of energy consumption in idle it also improves the overall efficiency of the vehicle. The Touran was the first vehicle to use Volkswagen's 2.0 TDI engine.

The engines available at the launch included a 1.6 FSI and two diesel engines, the 1.9 TDI with 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) and the 2.0 TDI 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp). The engines are EURO 4 compliant, except the 1.9 TDi when paired with the DSG (direct shift gearbox). The Touran launched with a six-speed manual gearbox as standard and a DSG for the 1.9 TDI Engines.[citation needed]

Commercial version[edit]

The Touran's basic design was used as the basis for new generation of the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Caddy in 2003.

Safety[edit]

The initial test of the Touran in 2003 resulted in a four-star rating for adult protection.[5] Volkswagen made slight changes to the Touran from November 2003, adding "an intelligent reminder for the driver and front passenger to buckle their seat belts." This allowed the Touran to be retested the same year, scoring a single extra point and so giving the car a five-star rating for adult protection:

Euro NCAP test results
LHD, small MPV (2003)[6]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 33 5 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 19 3 /4 stars

Facelift (2006)[edit]

VW Touran Facelift front
VW Touran Facelift rear

The Touran received a facelift for the October 2006 Paris Motor Show.

Park Assist[edit]

The 2007 model year Touran was the first production vehicle in the Volkswagen Group to be released with the new Park Assist technology. Park Assist parallel parks the car for the driver. First, Park Assist uses sensors up to 30 km/h to determine whether the Touran will fit in the parallel parking position. Then the driver lets go of the steering wheel, selects Reverse on the transmission, then presses the accelerator and brakes accordingly and lets Park Assist steer it into the final parking position. The first part of this video illustrates the parking procedure.

CrossTouran[edit]

At the December 2006 Bologna Motor Show, Volkswagen released the third Cross vehicle designed by Volkswagen Individual GmbH.

The CrossTouran is distinguished from a standard Touran by its 17-inch alloy wheels, redesigned plastic guards which ape a crossover vehicle, and a 15 mm (0.59 in) higher suspension/chassis setup that is optional for standard Tourans in Europe.

All CrossTouran engines are EU4 compliant.

Petrol engines

  • 1.6 with 75 kW / 102 hp
  • 1.4 TSI with 103 kW / 140 hp
  • 2.0 TSI with 125 kW / 170 hp

Diesel engines

  • 1.9 TDI with 77 kW / 105 hp
  • 2.0 TDI with 103 kW / 140 hp
  • 2.0 TDI with 125 kW / 170 hp

Second generation (2010-present)[edit]

VW Touran 2010—Current
VW Touran 2010—Current (rear)

In August 2010 the Touran was updated to the newer Golf VI platform (PQ35). This includes as new features compared to the previous facelift the option for DCC (Volkswagen's adaptive suspension system), Light-Assist for Xenon Headlights, an improved Park-Assist System being able to handle also perpendicular park positions and updated infotainment systems. The aerodynamics of the car were also improved, the Cw improved from 0,31-0,32 to 0,29.

At the end of 2010 Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive released the new Touran in China.[7] Though its front is updated to the German style, the tail keeps the design of the phase II model. But the electronic systems of this domestically produced car has been upgraded as its relative in Europe. A 1.4 TSI which can output 93 PS is added to the new model.

New engine are available following the downsizing trend, a 1.2 with 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) and a new 1.6 Common Rail TDI with 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) or 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp).[8] They replaced the 1.6 and 1.9 TDI from the previous model. The 1.2, 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) and 1.6 TDI 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) are also available as BlueMotion, Volkswagen's low fuel consumption vehicle program.

Engines[edit]

The Touran is available with petrol, diesel and compressed natural gas (CNG) engines.

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
1.2 TSI 2010–present I4 8V CBZB 1,197 cc 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @ 1,550-4,100 rpm
1.4 TSI 2006–present I4 16V BMY/CAVC 1,390 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 5,600 rpm 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @ 1,250–4,000 rpm
1.4 TSI 2007–present I4 16V BLG/CAVB 1,390 cc 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1,500 rpm–4,500 rpm
1.4 TSI EcoFuel 2009–present I4 16V CDGA 1390 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @ 1,500–4,500 rpm
1.6 2003–2010 I4 8V BGU/BSE/BSF 1,595 cc 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp) @ 5,600 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @ 3,800 rpm
1.6 FSI 2003–2006 I4 16V BAG/BLF/BLP 1,598 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) @ 4,000 rpm
2.0 FSI 2003–2006 I4 16V AXW/BLR/BLX/BVY 1,984 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 3500 rpm
2.0 EcoFuel 2006–2009 I4 8V BSX 1,984 cc 80 kW (109 PS; 107 hp) @ 5,400 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 3,500 rpm
1.6 TDI 2010–present I4 16V CAYB 1,598 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 4,200 rpm 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @ 1,500–2,500 rpm,
1.6 TDI 2010–present I4 16V CAYC 1,598 cc 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) @ 4,400 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1,500–2,500 rpm,
1.9 TDI 2004–2010 I4 8V BRU/BXF/BXJ 1,896 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 1,800–2,500 rpm
1.9 TDI 2003–2004 I4 8V AVQ 1,896 cc 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1,900 rpm
1.9 TDI 2004–2010 I4 8V BJB/BKC/BXE/BLS 1,896 cc 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1,900 rpm
2.0 TDI 2003–2004 I4 16V AZV 1,968 cc 100 kW (136 PS; 134 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500 rpm
2.0 TDI 2004–2010 I4 16V BKD 1,968 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500 rpm
2.0 TDI DPF 2005–2010 I4 8V BMM 1,968 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500 rpm
2.0 TDI DPF 2010–present I4 16V CBAB 1,968 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 4,200 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500 rpm
2.0 TDI DPF 2005–2010 I4 16V BMN 1,968 cc 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) @ 4,200 rpm 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @ 1,750–2,500 rpm

The diesel models of the Touran offer better fuel economy. Given the proper conditions, it is possible to achieve over 60 mpg-imp (4.7 L/100 km; 50 mpg-US) in a diesel Touran.[9] The car is delivered with a five- (1.6 only) and six-speed manual transmissions, Tiptronic six-speed automatic transmission (in 1.6, 1.6 FSI and 2.0 FSI (2003-2006 only)) or the DSG twin-clutch automatic transmission; the 1.4 TSI, the 1.6 FSI from 2003 to 2006, the 1.9 TDI from 2003 to 2008 and the 2.0 TDI uses the six-speed version, and the 1.9 TDI since the middle of 2008 use the seven-speed dry-clutch version.

As for the 2010 model, an updated version of the 2.0 TDI engine was launched with common rail technology. The engine was introduced in the Volkswagen Passat in the 2008-models.

Touran Hy Motion and Hybrid[edit]

Touran HY MOTION Hydrogen Study

The Touran Hy Motion is Volkswagen's Hydrogen Development concept. It has a nickel-metal hydride battery which produces 80 kW (107 hp), it does the 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) sprint in 14 seconds and has a top speed of 140 km/h (87.0 mph).

In 2008, Shanghai-Volkswagen with Tongji University had released a Touran Hybrid as part of the lead up to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

A prototype of the Touran Hybrid was shown with a 20 kW (27 hp) electric motor in conjunction with a 110 kW (148 hp) petrol engine, the transmission will most likely be Volkswagen's Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG).

Awards[edit]

  • The Touran won What Car?'s 2005 Compact Van of the Year award.
  • The Touran scored a maximum 5-star EuroNCAP crash safety rating.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Volkswagen Interactive". Volkswagen.co.jp. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  2. ^ "ゴルフトゥーラン(フォルクスワーゲン GOLF_TOURAN)のカタログ | 中古車ならGoo-net(グーネット)" (in Japanese). Goo-net.com. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  3. ^ "Indonesia: Volkswagen To Launch Local Assembly, Likely of Touran and Golf Plus". Insideline.com. 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Volkswagen Touran". Fleet News. 2003-08-07. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  5. ^ "Euro NCAP 2003". Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  6. ^ "Euro NCAP 2003 retest". Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  7. ^ "Touran China official site". 
  8. ^ "Entdecken Sie den Touran in 8 Ausstattungsvarianten.". Touran < Modelle (in German). Volkswagen Deutschland/Volkswagen.de. Retrieved 2010-12-14. 
  9. ^ "Volkswagen Touran". Auto Express. November 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-09. 

External links[edit]