Volodyovski

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Volodyovski
Volodyovski2.jpg
Volodyovski: Lithograph after painting by James Lynwood Palmer (1868-1941)
Sire Florizel II
Dam La Reine
Damsire Rosicrucian
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1898
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Colour Bay
Breeder Lady Valerie Meux
Owner Lady Valerie Meux
Lord William Beresford (leased)
William Collins Whitney (leased)
Trainer John Huggins
Record 26: 7-7-2
Earnings US$66,270 (equivalent)
Major wins
Windsor Castle Stakes (1900)
Epsom Derby (1901)
Last updated on May 18, 2007

Volodyovski (1898–1911) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career which lasted from 1900 to 1902, he ran twenty-six times and won seven races. After being one of the leading two-year-olds of 1900, he went on to win the Epsom Derby in 1901. His subsequent form was disappointing and he was retired to stud after failing to win in eleven starts as a four-year-old. He made no impact as a stallion.

Background[edit]

Volodyovski, a bay horse with a narrow blaze and a white sock on his left back foot, was owned and bred by Lady Valerie Meux who used the name "Mrs. Theobalds" for her racing interests.[1] The colt was leased for racing to Lord William Beresford.[2] Volodyovski was one of the first crop of foals sired by Florizel II, a high class racehorse and a brother to the Derby winners Persimmon and Diamond Jubilee Volodyovski was sent into training with John Huggins, an Texas-born[3] American based at Newmarket, Suffolk.

Racing career[edit]

1900: two-year-old season[edit]

Lady Meux bred and owned Volodyovski

Volodyovski was beaten in his first two races, including an unplaced effort at Kempton on 2 June,[4] but was nevertheless sent to run against top class opposition at Royal Ascot in June. Starting at odds of 100/7,[5] he finished strongly to take second place behind Good Morning in the Coventry Stakes[6] and then won the Windsor Castle Stakes.

Volodyovski then won his next three races, taking the Stud Produce Stakes at Newmarket, showing "great resolution" to beat Princess Melton by a neck[7] and two Rous Memorial Stakes at Goodwood (by three lengths "drawing away"[8]) and Newmarket ("in a canter"[9]). At Kempton he finished second in the Imperial Produce Stakes, in which he was attempting to give thirteen pounds to the filly Aïda, who went on to win the 1000 Guineas.[10] On his final race of the season he won the Great Sapling Stakes at Sandown.[11] Volodyovski went into the winter break as 9/2 favourite for the following year's Derby.[12]

In December, Lord William Beresford died, and the ownership of Volodyovski became a matter of dispute: Beresford's widow argued that she should inherit the lease of the colt, whilst Lady Meux wished the arrangement to be terminated.[13]

In early 1901, the ownership of Volodyovski was decided in court where the Judge ruled that the lease was invalidated by Beresford's death. Lady Meux promptly leased the colt to the wealthy American businessman, William Collins Whitney.[14][15]

1901: three-year-old season[edit]

Volodyovski wins the 1901 Derby. Etching by Sidney Paget in "The Sphere"

Volodyovski had not been entered in the 2000 Guineas and his early preparation was not hurried by Huggins. He finished third, looking "palpably unfit"[16] on his seasonal debut in a Biennial Stakes at Newmarket in April. By this time he had acquired the Anglicized nickname "Bottle o' Whisky"[17] from bookmakers and members of the public who struggled with the pronunciation of the colt's name.

At Epsom on 5 June, Volodyovski started the 5/2 favourite for the Derby in a field of twenty-five runners. Ridden by the American jockey Lester Reiff, Volodyovski was held up in the early stages and was not among the front-runners as the outsider Olympian led the field into the straight. In the final quarter mile Reiff made his challenge and Volodyovski "dashed to the front". In the closing stages he was challenged by William the Third but after briefly looking to be in trouble when he was startled by the noise of the crowd,[18] he pulled away before being eased down in the final strides to win by three quarters of a length.[19] The winning time of 2:40.8 was a new race record.[20] Following his win, William Whitney offered to buy a drink (a "Huggins Punch") for every spectator at Gravesend Race Track, which proved expensive as his offer was taken up by 8,000 patrons.[21] Whitney donated his winnings from the Volodyovski's Derby win to the Jockey Club benevolent fund.[22]

In his first start after winning the Derby, Volodyovski faced William the Third again in the Lennox Stakes at Hurst Park Racecourse on 24 August. He was beaten a head by the Derby runner-up, to whom he was conceding three pounds.[23] In the St Leger at Doncaster in September Volodyovski finished second,[24] beaten a head by Doricles in a rough and controversial race.[25] It appeared that several of the English jockeys had connived to prevent Reiff from winning the race, but an objection lodged Volodyovski's connections was rejected by the stewards.[13] a counter-accusation was made that Reiff had "held" the colt, deliberately preventing him from winning.[26] In October, Volodyovski won the Sandown Foal Stakes[27] and then ran against older horses for the first time in the Kempton Park Stakes. He proved to be the best of the three-year-olds, beating Doricles and William the Third, but finished third behind the four-year-olds Epsom Lad and Santoi.[28][29]

1902: four-year-old season[edit]

Volodyovski was kept in training as a four-year-old in 1901, but failed to reproduce his earlier form,[30] losing all eleven of his races.[31] He began his season by finishing third in the Lincolnshire Handicap.[32] He finished unplaced in the Great Jubilee Handicap at Kempton[33] and then finished second to Osbech in the Coronation Cup, by which time he had become a confirmed roarer.[34] In September Volodyovski finished second in the Prince Edward Handicap, conceding 36 pounds to the winner[35] and was the beaten favourite in the Duke of York Stakes at Kempton in October.[36]

Assessment[edit]

In their book A Century of Champions, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Volodyovski an “average” Derby winner.[37]

As a two-year-old, Volodyovski won £9,882 in prize money, placing him eighth in that year's list of highest earners.[38]

Stud record[edit]

Volodyovski was retired to stand at stud at Waltham Abbey[31] at a fee of 45 guineas.[39] He was later moved to Lady Meux's establishment at Theobalds Park but made no impact as a stallion.

Lady Meux died in 1910 and ordered in her will that Volodyovski should be shot when he "ceased to be of service"[40] to prevent his suffering at the hands of new owners or due to the infirmities of old age. He appears to have lived at least until 1913.[41]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Voldyovski (GB), bay stallion, 1898
Sire
Florizel II (GB)
1891
St. Simon
1881
Galopin Vedette
Flying Duchess
St Angela King Tom
Adeline
Perdita II
1881
Hampton Lord Clifden
Lady Langden
Hermione Young Melbourne
La Belle Helene
Dam
La Reine (GB)
1884
Rosicrucian
1865 
Beadsman Weatherbit
Mendicant
Madame Eglentine Cowl
Diversion
Hue and Cry
1865
Wild Dayrell Ion
Ellen Middleton
The Golden Horn Harkaway
Little Red Rover mare (Family: 14-d)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 6 March 1901 — HIPPONA'S NOTE-BOOK". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  2. ^ "Horseracing History Online - Horse Profile : Volodyovski". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  3. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 22 January 1902 — TURF TOPICS". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1902-01-22. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  4. ^ "KEMPTON PARK. Saturday, June 2". Otago Witness. 2 August 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  5. ^ "ASCOT. Tuesday, June 12". Otago Witness. 2 August 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  6. ^ "THE ASCOT MEETING". Otago Witness. 2 August 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  7. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 23 August 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  8. ^ "GOODWOOD". Otago Witness. 26 September 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  9. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 21 November 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  10. ^ "SPORTING". Star. 8 October 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  11. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 28 November 1900. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  12. ^ ""HIPPONA'S" NOTE-BOOK". Auckland Star. 23 January 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  13. ^ a b Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane’s. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  14. ^ "THE DERBY". Star. 22 May 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  15. ^ "W. C. WHITNEY". Otago Witness. 31 July 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  16. ^ "THE TURF". Evening Post. 1 June 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  17. ^ Ware, James Redding (1909). Passing English of the Victorian era : a dictionary of heterodox English, slang and phrase. London: G. Routledge & sons. p. 129. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  18. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 31 July 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  19. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 24 July 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  20. ^ "THE TURF". Evening Post. 13 July 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  21. ^ "Turf Topics". Taranaki Herald. 10 August 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  22. ^ "Papers Past — Evening Post — 23 November 1901 — THE TURF". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  23. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 9 October 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  24. ^ "SPORTING". Evening Post. 12 September 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  25. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 30 October 1901 — BACING IN ENGLAKD". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  26. ^ "A WELL-KNOWN JOCKEY IN TROUBLE". Evening Post. 3 October 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  27. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 28 October 1901 — THE SANDOWN PARK FOAL STAKES". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  28. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 20 November 1901 — IN A NUTSHELL". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  29. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 4 December 1901 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1901-12-31. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  30. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 21 February 1903 — THE Racing World". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1903-02-21. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  31. ^ a b "Papers Past — Wairarapa Daily Times — 12 March 1903 — Marlborough Weights". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1903-03-12. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  32. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 29 March 1902 — RACING FIXTURES". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1902-03-29. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  33. ^ "Papers Past — Evening Post — 28 June 1902 — SPORT AND PASTIME. The Turf. [BY CRACKSHOT.]". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1902-06-28. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  34. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 23 July 1902 — IN A NUTSHELL". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1902-07-23. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  35. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 22 November 1902 — THE Racing World". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1902-11-22. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  36. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 3 December 1902 — IN A NUTSHELL". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1902-12-03. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  37. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press. ISBN 1-901570-15-0. 
  38. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 19 June 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  39. ^ "Papers Past — Observer — 21 March 1903 — CAP and Jacket". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1903-03-21. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  40. ^ "Papers Past — Grey River Argus — 23 March 1911 — LADY AND HER RELATIVES. CURIOUS WILL". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1911-03-23. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  41. ^ http://www.pedigreequery.com/morelli