Volotovsky District

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Volotovsky District
Волотовский район (Russian)
Location of Volotovsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Volotovsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 57°56′N 30°42′E / 57.933°N 30.700°E / 57.933; 30.700Coordinates: 57°56′N 30°42′E / 57.933°N 30.700°E / 57.933; 30.700
Volot.png
Flag of Volotovsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center settlement of rural type of Volot[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
settlement 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 110
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Volotovsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 995 km2 (384 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 5,493 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 5.52 /km2 (14.3 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927 (first),[8]
November 3, 1965 (second)
[9]
Official website
Volotovsky District on WikiCommons

Volotovsky District (Russian: Волото́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast and borders with Shimsky District in the north, Starorussky District in the east, Poddorsky District in the south, Dedovichsky District of Pskov Oblast in the southwest, Dnovsky District of Pskov Oblast in the west, and with Soletsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 995 square kilometers (384 sq mi), which makes it the smallest district in the oblast.=[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a settlement) of Volot.[1] District's population: 5,493 (2010 Census);[5] 6,106 (2002 Census);[10] 7,058 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Volot accounts for 40.7% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The district is located at the Ilmen Depression, southwest of Lake Ilmen. It belongs to the basin of Lake Ilmen, with the rivers in the north draining directly into the lake (the biggest such rivers are the Psizha, the Perekhoda, and the Chernets). The rivers in the southeastern part of the district drain into the Polist River, with the Snezha River being its biggest tributary within the district. The northern part of the district lies in the basin of the Shelon River. Lake Dolzhino in the south is the biggest lake in the district and belongs to the basin of the Perekhoda.

The landscape of the district is almost flat with hills separating river valleys. The elevation above sea level ranges between 60 and 103 meters (197 and 338 ft).[12]

Swamps cover up to 25% of the district's territory. Most of the swamps are located in the river valleys, and most of them in the south of the district. About half of the territory is covered by temperate broadleaf and mixed forest.[12]

History[edit]

In the 19th century, the area was a part of Starorussky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate. In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Volotovsky District, with the administrative center in the railway station of Volot,[13] was established within Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included parts of former Starorussky Uyezd.[13] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[14] On January 1, 1932, Volotovsky District was abolished and split between Dedovichsky, Dnovsky, Soletsky, and Starorussky Districts.[13] On February 15, 1935, it was re-established.[13] Between July 28, 1941 and February 24, 1944, Volotovsky District was occupied by German troops.[13] An extended underground resistance organization was active in the district at the time of occupation. On July 5, 1944, Volotovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[13] On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform.[9] On November 3, 1965, Volotovsky District was re-established.[9]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The industry of the district is represented by small enterprises, mainly of food industry.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

As of 2012, three large-scale farms and nineteen mid-scale farms were operating in the district. The main agricultural specializations were meat and milk production, as well as crop growing.[15]

Transportation[edit]

A railway which connects Bologoye and Pskov via Staraya Russa crosses the district from east to west. The main station within the district is Volot.

Volot is connected by roads with Staraya Russa and Soltsy. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains fifty-two objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[16] Many of those are archaeological sites.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #350-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Официальная информация". openbudget.karelia.ru (in Russian). 2003. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 169–170
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Общая информация". admvolot.net (in Russian). Администрация Волотовского муниципального района. 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Snytko et al., pp. 100–101
  14. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  15. ^ a b "Справка об итогах экономического и социального развития Волотовского муниципального района за 2011 год" (in Russian). Администрация Волотовского муниципального района. Retrieved March 14, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved March 14, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №350-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Волотовского муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №120-ОЗ от 3 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы, содержащие перечни населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №82, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #350-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Volotovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #120-OZ of October 3, 2012 On Transforming Several Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Volotovsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).