Location of Volta Region in Ghana
Districts of Volta as of 2004
|• Regional Minister||Joshua Nii Laryea Afotey-Agbo|
|• Total||20,570 km2 (7,940 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 5th|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||Ranked 7th|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||GH-TV|
Volta Region is formerly Togoland and British Togoland and is one of Ghana's ten administrative regions. It is west of Republic of Togo and to the east of Lake Volta. Its capital is Ho. The native and largest ethnic group is the Ewe people and the language spoken is the Ewe language.
List of districts
The region has 25 districts consisting of 5 municipal and 20 ordinary districts with all the administrative changes as of December 2012.
The Volta region was formed by the state union of the former British Togoland which was part of the German protectorate of Togoland. It was administered as part of the Gold Coast by the British as Trans Volta Togoland.
The Togoland Congress (TCP) was a political party formed in 1951 to campaign for the unification of the Ewe people in British Togoland and French Togoland as a separate Ewe state. The party was defeated in the May 1956 UN plebiscite in British Togoland, which resulted in the unification of British Togoland into Akanland (today South Ghana) and Dagbon (today North Ghana) that creates modern Ghana.
On 9 May 1956, a vote was conducted to decide the future disposition of British Togoland and French Togoland. The native and dominant ethnic group, the Ewe people, were divided between the two Togos. 58% of British Togoland inhabitants voted in favor of state union, and the Togo Ewe state was incorporated into Akanland (South Ghana) and Dagbon (North Ghana) by a state union.
There was vocal opposition to the incorporation of Togoland into modern Ghana, from the Ewe people who voted (42%) against in British Togoland, as the Ewe wanted the unification of the Ewe people in British Togoland and French Togoland as a separate Ewe state (modern Togo).
The native and largest ethnic group of the Volta Region (Togoland / British Togoland) are the Ewe people who make up 92.3% of the population. They consist of several sub groups. Other ethnicity include the Ga-Dangme people also forming 4.0% of the population. The third largest ethnic group is the Gurma people from Burkina Faso in the north, forming 3.1% of the population. Also present are the Mole from Burkina Faso, Dagomba people from Burkina Faso, Grusi people from Burkina Faso, and the Mande speaking Bissa people also from Burkina Faso, all forming 1.1% of the population.
The Volta region is run by a Regional Coordinating Council (RCC) and a District Assembly. The RCC is made up of the Volta Regional Minister who is the political head and his deputy as well as representatives of the Regional House of Chiefs, the District Chief Executives of the Volta region, the Presiding Members of the 12 Districts Assemblies and representatives of the various decentralized Ministries, Departments and Agencies in the Volta region. Each district is run by a District Assembly.
Regional Commissioners and Ministers
The most recent Minister is Henry Ford Kamel who died on 25 December 2012.
- Francis Yao Asare
- Lieutenant Commander G.K. Amevor
- F.Q. Amegah
- Francis Agbley
- Modestus Ahiable
- Charles K. Agbenaza
- Kwasi Owusu-Yeboah, 2001 – 2005
- Kofi Dzamesi 2005 – 2009
- Joseph Amenowode, 2009 – 2012
- Henry Ford Kamel, 2012(Deceased)
The Volta Region has 26 constituencies since the recent December 2012 parliamentary election, increasing by 4 from the previous 22 which it had during the December 2004 parliamentary election and At the election in December 2000, there were 19 constituencies.
- "President Mahama Reshuffles Regional Ministers". GhanaWeb.
- "BREAK DOWN OF METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES". GhanaDistricts.com. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
- Beigbeder, Yves (1 January 1994). International monitoring of plebiscites, referenda and national elections - Self-determination and Transition to Democracy. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 131 of 340. ISBN 978-0-7923-2563-5. Retrieved 2009-11-24.
- Daniel Miles McFarland, Historical Dictionary of Ghana, 1985, p. 173
- McLaughlin & Owusu-Ansah (1994), "The Politics of the Independence Movements".
- "Volta Region: Cultural and Social Structure". Retrieved 2006-11-26.
- "Volta Region - political administration". Retrieved 2009-11-24.
- "Volta Regional Minister, Henry Ford Kamel, is dead. myjoyonline.com".