|Countries||Ghana, Burkina Faso|
|Mouth||Gulf of Guinea|
|- location||Atlantic Ocean|
|Basin||407,093 km2 (157,179 sq mi) |
|- average||1,210 m3/s (42,731 cu ft/s) |
Lake Volta is a reservoir impounded by the Akosombo Dam on the lower Volta River in Ghana. It is one of the largest reservoirs in the world. It extends from the Akosombo Dam in southeastern Ghana to the town of Yapei, some 400 kilometres (250 mi) to the north.
The reservoir's dam generates electricity for the Volta River Authority, and the reservoir provides inland water transport routes. It may be a resource for irrigation and fish farming.
The depth of the river is 45 feet (14 m) below Lake Volta. The Volta River is crossed by the Adome Bridge below the Akosombo Dam and the reservoir.
The Volta River was named by Portuguese gold traders in Ghana, it was their farthest extent of exploration before returning (volta is Portuguese for "twist" or "turn"). "River of return" (perhaps because it was where ships turned around and headed for home) or “river of bend,” in reference to its course.
- Impacts of the Akosombo Hydroelectric Project — environmental and human health issues from the Akosombo Dam and Lake Volta.
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