Volta River

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Coordinates: 5°46′N 0°41′E / 5.767°N 0.683°E / 5.767; 0.683
Volta River
The Adome Bridge crosses the Volta river south of the Akosombo Dam.
Countries Ghana, Burkina Faso
Mouth Gulf of Guinea
 - location Atlantic Ocean
 - coordinates 5°46′N 0°41′E / 5.767°N 0.683°E / 5.767; 0.683 [1]
Basin 407,093 km2 (157,179 sq mi) [2]
Discharge mouth
 - average 1,210 m3/s (42,731 cu ft/s) [2]
Map of the Volta River and its main three tributaries, the White Volta, Red Volta, and Black Volta rivers.

The Volta River is a stream primarily in Ghana that drains into the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean. It has three main tributaries—the Black Volta, White Volta and Red Volta.

Lake Volta in Ghana is the largest reservoir in the world, extending from the Akosombo Dam in southeastern Ghana to the town of Yapei, some 400 kilometres (250 mi) to the north. The lake generates electricity, provides inland transport, and is a potentially valuable resource for irrigation and fish farming.

The depth of the river is 45 feet (14 m), in location of Lake Volta.

It is crossed by the Adome Bridge in Ghana.

The river was named by Portuguese gold traders in Ghana; it was their farthest extent of exploration before returning (volta is Portuguese for "twist" or "turn").[3]

"River of return" (perhaps because it was where ships turned around and headed for home) or “river of bend,” in reference to its course.[3]


  1. ^ Volta at GEOnet Names Server
  2. ^ a b Volta, Watersheds of the World. Water Resources eAtlas. Retrieved on October 6, 2007.
  3. ^ a b Volta - etymology