It is related to volume fraction by dividing by 100%.
A solution consists of a solvent, which is commonly a liquid, and a solute, which may be any substance that dissolves in the solvent. For example, if salt water (a solution) is distilled, water (the solvent) passes over into the receiver and salt (the solute) remains in the still.
In the case of a mixture of ethanol and water, which are miscible in all proportions, the designation of solvent and solute is arbitrary. The volume of such a mixture is slightly less than the sum of the volumes of the components. Thus, by the above definition, the term "40% alcohol by volume" refers to a mixture of 40 volume units of ethanol with enough water to make a final volume of 100 units, rather than a mixture of 40 units of ethanol with 60 units of water.
|Look up Volume percent in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2007)|
|This chemistry-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|